Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Air pollution raises risk for dangerous arrhythmias among people with ICDs

02.06.2005


Researchers from the Harvard School of Public Health and colleagues from Boston area medical institutions have linked short term high pollution concentrations with an increased incidence of irregular and very dangerous heart arrhythmias among a group of cardiac patients from the greater Boston area who had implanted cardioverter defibrillators (ICD). The findings appear in the June 1, 2005 issue of Environmental Health Perspectives.



"Particulate pollution and gaseous pollution from automobiles, diesel engines and power plants have long been associated with causing serious problems for people with heart conditions," said Doug Dockery, lead author of the study and professor of environmental epidemiology at the Harvard School of Public Health. He continued, "In this study we wanted to see if there’s an increased risk of ventricular tachyarrhythmias, a very dangerous and rapid beating of the heart which can lead to sudden cardiac arrest. We monitored a group of Boston area residents at high risk of sudden cardiac death if not for their implanted defibrillators."

Between 1995 and 2002 the researchers monitored 203 Boston area patients from the Tufts University New England Medical Center who had implanted cardioverter defibrillators for episodes of tachyarrhythmias. Information on arrhythmias was recorded in the ICDs and retrieved during the patients’ regular clinical follow-up visits. Air pollution levels were measured at up to10 sites in the Boston metropolitan area for ozone, carbon monoxide, sulfur and nitrogen dioxide and at the Harvard School of Public Health for fine particles.


The researchers found a significant association of air pollution with an increased risk of ventrical tachyarrhythmias among patients who had experienced any kind of arrhythmia three days prior to the episode, particularly when levels of particulate air pollution, black carbon, nitrogen dioxide (all linked with motor vehicle emissions) and sulfur dioxide (linked to power plants) were present. The finding suggests that air pollution provokes ventricular tachyarrhythmias among people with acutely predisposed conditions. The researchers calculated that the ICD patients had a risk of potentially life threatening ventricular tachyarrhythmias linked with fine particulate pollution five times higher for risk of cardiovascular death than the people in the general public. For the highest risk patients, those with a recent ventricular arrhythmia episode, the increased risk for a new ventricular tachyarrhythmias was 97 percent for each 10 microgram per cubic meter increase of particulate pollution.

Dockery added, "What we found suggests that air pollution may act in combination with electrical instability of the heart to increase the risk for ventricular tachyarrhythmias. The data that ICDs collect on episodes of arrhythmias provides a significant resource for understanding the role of air pollution in triggering these events."

Kevin C. Myron | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.hsph.harvard.edu

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Rabies viruses reveal wiring in transparent brains
19.01.2017 | Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn

nachricht On track to heal leukaemia
18.01.2017 | Universitätsspital Bern

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Traffic jam in empty space

New success for Konstanz physicists in studying the quantum vacuum

An important step towards a completely new experimental access to quantum physics has been made at University of Konstanz. The team of scientists headed by...

Im Focus: How gut bacteria can make us ill

HZI researchers decipher infection mechanisms of Yersinia and immune responses of the host

Yersiniae cause severe intestinal infections. Studies using Yersinia pseudotuberculosis as a model organism aim to elucidate the infection mechanisms of these...

Im Focus: Interfacial Superconductivity: Magnetic and superconducting order revealed simultaneously

Researchers from the University of Hamburg in Germany, in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Aarhus in Denmark, have synthesized a new superconducting material by growing a few layers of an antiferromagnetic transition-metal chalcogenide on a bismuth-based topological insulator, both being non-superconducting materials.

While superconductivity and magnetism are generally believed to be mutually exclusive, surprisingly, in this new material, superconducting correlations...

Im Focus: Studying fundamental particles in materials

Laser-driving of semimetals allows creating novel quasiparticle states within condensed matter systems and switching between different states on ultrafast time scales

Studying properties of fundamental particles in condensed matter systems is a promising approach to quantum field theory. Quasiparticles offer the opportunity...

Im Focus: Designing Architecture with Solar Building Envelopes

Among the general public, solar thermal energy is currently associated with dark blue, rectangular collectors on building roofs. Technologies are needed for aesthetically high quality architecture which offer the architect more room for manoeuvre when it comes to low- and plus-energy buildings. With the “ArKol” project, researchers at Fraunhofer ISE together with partners are currently developing two façade collectors for solar thermal energy generation, which permit a high degree of design flexibility: a strip collector for opaque façade sections and a solar thermal blind for transparent sections. The current state of the two developments will be presented at the BAU 2017 trade fair.

As part of the “ArKol – development of architecturally highly integrated façade collectors with heat pipes” project, Fraunhofer ISE together with its partners...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Sustainable Water use in Agriculture in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

19.01.2017 | Event News

12V, 48V, high-voltage – trends in E/E automotive architecture

10.01.2017 | Event News

2nd Conference on Non-Textual Information on 10 and 11 May 2017 in Hannover

09.01.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

New Study Will Help Find the Best Locations for Thermal Power Stations in Iceland

19.01.2017 | Earth Sciences

Not of Divided Mind

19.01.2017 | Life Sciences

Molecule flash mob

19.01.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>