Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Pioneering PET/CT research widens applications of imaging for diabetic foot

09.03.2005


Pioneering research with combined positron emission tomography (PET) and computed tomography (CT) scans provides accurate detection and localization of foot infection in diabetic patients, according to an article in the March issue of the Journal of Nuclear Medicine. PET/CT scans could potentially offer a single-step, noninvasive technique for the diagnosis of infection, said Society of Nuclear Medicine member Zohar Keidar, M.D., Ph.D., the article’s lead author.



Keidar explained that foot infection is one of the most severe complications of diabetes. Diabetes can lead to decreased circulation in one’s extremities. This poor circulation--and the reduced ability to fight off minor infections--put diabetics at risk for development of chronic infection involving bone and soft tissues. "Early detection of infection is crucial and may prevent amputation," said Keidar, explaining that antibiotic therapy can cure these infections if administered in time.

Keidar and his colleagues at Rambam Medical Center in Haifa, Israel, used PET/CT, the novel technology that combines two imaging modalities in one device, in their study of foot infection. By using labeled glucose (radiotracer 18F-FDG), Israeli physicians demonstrated the presence of infection with PET imaging. CT scans showed the localization of the infection site detected by PET as well as structural changes in bone and soft tissues. "This combined imaging approach in a single session using a single device leads to better localization of the infection process and facilitates the diagnosis," noted the lead author of "The Diabetic Foot: Initial Experience With 18F-FDG PET/CT." PET/CT technology, which is being used currently for cancer evaluation, may be applied potentially to the investigation of infection during evaluation of prolonged fever, suspected infected vascular graft or limb prosthesis, he added.


The group’s preliminary results have been "enthusiastically welcomed" by nuclear medicine professionals and referring physicians, especially orthopedic and vascular surgeons, said Keidar, who is with Rambam Medical Center’s department of nuclear medicine and Technion–Israel Institute of Technology’s school of medicine, both in Haifa, Israel. He believes that these findings will encourage additional investigations on the role of PET/CT in infection and inflammation in larger patient populations.

The authors of "The Diabetic Foot: Initial Experience With 18F-FDG PET/CT" are Zohar Keidar, M.D., Ph.D., Rambam Medical Center’s department of nuclear medicine and Technion–Israel Institute of Technology’s school of medicine, both in Haifa, Israel; Daniela Militianu, M.D., Rambam Medical Center’s department of diagnostic radiology, Haifa, Israel; Eyal Melamed, M.D., Rambam Medical Center’s department of orthopedics, Haifa, Israel; SNM member Rachel Bar-Shalom, M.D., Rambam Medical Center’s department of nuclear medicine, Haifa, Israel; and SNM member Ora Israel, M.D., Rambam Medical Center’s department of nuclear medicine and Technion–Israel Institute of Technology’s school of medicine, both in Haifa, Israel.

Maryann Verrillo | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.snm.org

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht NIST scientists discover how to switch liver cancer cell growth from 2-D to 3-D structures
17.11.2017 | National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

nachricht High speed video recording precisely measures blood cell velocity
15.11.2017 | ITMO University

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: A “cosmic snake” reveals the structure of remote galaxies

The formation of stars in distant galaxies is still largely unexplored. For the first time, astron-omers at the University of Geneva have now been able to closely observe a star system six billion light-years away. In doing so, they are confirming earlier simulations made by the University of Zurich. One special effect is made possible by the multiple reflections of images that run through the cosmos like a snake.

Today, astronomers have a pretty accurate idea of how stars were formed in the recent cosmic past. But do these laws also apply to older galaxies? For around a...

Im Focus: Visual intelligence is not the same as IQ

Just because someone is smart and well-motivated doesn't mean he or she can learn the visual skills needed to excel at tasks like matching fingerprints, interpreting medical X-rays, keeping track of aircraft on radar displays or forensic face matching.

That is the implication of a new study which shows for the first time that there is a broad range of differences in people's visual ability and that these...

Im Focus: Novel Nano-CT device creates high-resolution 3D-X-rays of tiny velvet worm legs

Computer Tomography (CT) is a standard procedure in hospitals, but so far, the technology has not been suitable for imaging extremely small objects. In PNAS, a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) describes a Nano-CT device that creates three-dimensional x-ray images at resolutions up to 100 nanometers. The first test application: Together with colleagues from the University of Kassel and Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht the researchers analyzed the locomotory system of a velvet worm.

During a CT analysis, the object under investigation is x-rayed and a detector measures the respective amount of radiation absorbed from various angles....

Im Focus: Researchers Develop Data Bus for Quantum Computer

The quantum world is fragile; error correction codes are needed to protect the information stored in a quantum object from the deteriorating effects of noise. Quantum physicists in Innsbruck have developed a protocol to pass quantum information between differently encoded building blocks of a future quantum computer, such as processors and memories. Scientists may use this protocol in the future to build a data bus for quantum computers. The researchers have published their work in the journal Nature Communications.

Future quantum computers will be able to solve problems where conventional computers fail today. We are still far away from any large-scale implementation,...

Im Focus: Wrinkles give heat a jolt in pillared graphene

Rice University researchers test 3-D carbon nanostructures' thermal transport abilities

Pillared graphene would transfer heat better if the theoretical material had a few asymmetric junctions that caused wrinkles, according to Rice University...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Ecology Across Borders: International conference brings together 1,500 ecologists

15.11.2017 | Event News

Road into laboratory: Users discuss biaxial fatigue-testing for car and truck wheel

15.11.2017 | Event News

#Berlin5GWeek: The right network for Industry 4.0

30.10.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Antarctic landscape insights keep ice loss forecasts on the radar

20.11.2017 | Earth Sciences

Filling the gap: High-latitude volcanic eruptions also have global impact

20.11.2017 | Earth Sciences

Water world

20.11.2017 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>