Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Low platelet counts linked to decreased survival in HIV-infected women

06.12.2004


HIV-positive women with low blood platelet counts face significantly higher risk of death compared to women with normal counts, according to a study presented today at the 46th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Hematology.

Findings come from the Women’s Interagency HIV Study, or WIHS, a prospective study of women living with HIV (as well as HIV-negative women for comparison) in six urban areas across the United States. In this portion of the study, researchers looked at 1,990 HIV-infected women and 553 HIV-negative women.

When entering the study, 15 percent of HIV-positive women and less than 2 percent of the HIV-negative women had low blood platelet counts, also called thrombocytopenia. Platelets are minute cells in the blood that help in the blood clotting process.



The researchers found that women with thrombocytopenia-a platelet count of fewer than 50,000 platelets per cubic millimeter-had a five-fold increase risk of dying due to any cause, compared to women with normal platelet counts. Thrombocytopenia also was linked to a three-fold risk of dying due to AIDS.

"Only a low CD4+ lymphocyte count, one under 200 cells per cubic millimeter, could compare in the strength of its link to mortality," says WIHS principal investigator Alexandra M. Levine, M.D., Distinguished Professor of Medicine, chief of hematology at the Keck School of Medicine of USC and medical director of the USC/Norris Cancer Hospital. Physicians have long relied on counts of CD4+ lymphocyte as a key measure of immunosuppression in HIV-infected patients.

Fortunately, many women saw their platelet counts boosted back to normal through use of highly active antiretroviral therapy, or HAART, especially therapy containing zidovudine, also called AZT.

Researchers found that factors associated with increased risk of thrombocytopenia included HIV infection, low CD4+ lymphocyte counts, increasing viral load, and smoking. Interestingly, they also found that African-American women appeared to have significantly less risk of thrombocytopenia than white women, a finding that echoes prior research findings.

Researchers are unsure why low platelet counts are associated with decreased survival among HIV-infected women, and more study is needed. Since megakaryocytes- which give rise to platelets-can actually be infected by HIV, it is possible that low platelet counts are simply an independent marker of advanced HIV disease, Levine says.

Calif. Poster session: Disorders of Platelet Number or Function I, Dec. 5, 6 p.m.

Sarah Huoh | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.usc.edu

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht NIST scientists discover how to switch liver cancer cell growth from 2-D to 3-D structures
17.11.2017 | National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

nachricht High speed video recording precisely measures blood cell velocity
15.11.2017 | ITMO University

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: A “cosmic snake” reveals the structure of remote galaxies

The formation of stars in distant galaxies is still largely unexplored. For the first time, astron-omers at the University of Geneva have now been able to closely observe a star system six billion light-years away. In doing so, they are confirming earlier simulations made by the University of Zurich. One special effect is made possible by the multiple reflections of images that run through the cosmos like a snake.

Today, astronomers have a pretty accurate idea of how stars were formed in the recent cosmic past. But do these laws also apply to older galaxies? For around a...

Im Focus: Visual intelligence is not the same as IQ

Just because someone is smart and well-motivated doesn't mean he or she can learn the visual skills needed to excel at tasks like matching fingerprints, interpreting medical X-rays, keeping track of aircraft on radar displays or forensic face matching.

That is the implication of a new study which shows for the first time that there is a broad range of differences in people's visual ability and that these...

Im Focus: Novel Nano-CT device creates high-resolution 3D-X-rays of tiny velvet worm legs

Computer Tomography (CT) is a standard procedure in hospitals, but so far, the technology has not been suitable for imaging extremely small objects. In PNAS, a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) describes a Nano-CT device that creates three-dimensional x-ray images at resolutions up to 100 nanometers. The first test application: Together with colleagues from the University of Kassel and Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht the researchers analyzed the locomotory system of a velvet worm.

During a CT analysis, the object under investigation is x-rayed and a detector measures the respective amount of radiation absorbed from various angles....

Im Focus: Researchers Develop Data Bus for Quantum Computer

The quantum world is fragile; error correction codes are needed to protect the information stored in a quantum object from the deteriorating effects of noise. Quantum physicists in Innsbruck have developed a protocol to pass quantum information between differently encoded building blocks of a future quantum computer, such as processors and memories. Scientists may use this protocol in the future to build a data bus for quantum computers. The researchers have published their work in the journal Nature Communications.

Future quantum computers will be able to solve problems where conventional computers fail today. We are still far away from any large-scale implementation,...

Im Focus: Wrinkles give heat a jolt in pillared graphene

Rice University researchers test 3-D carbon nanostructures' thermal transport abilities

Pillared graphene would transfer heat better if the theoretical material had a few asymmetric junctions that caused wrinkles, according to Rice University...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Ecology Across Borders: International conference brings together 1,500 ecologists

15.11.2017 | Event News

Road into laboratory: Users discuss biaxial fatigue-testing for car and truck wheel

15.11.2017 | Event News

#Berlin5GWeek: The right network for Industry 4.0

30.10.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

NASA detects solar flare pulses at Sun and Earth

17.11.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

NIST scientists discover how to switch liver cancer cell growth from 2-D to 3-D structures

17.11.2017 | Health and Medicine

The importance of biodiversity in forests could increase due to climate change

17.11.2017 | Studies and Analyses

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>