A multidisciplinary paediatrics research team has been awarded the “Amagoia” prize by the Sociedad Vasco-Navarra de Pediatría for its work, “Study of bone mass and its determinant factors in female children and adolescents affected by eating habit disorders”. The research was led by Dr. Cristina Azcona, responsible for the Paediatric Endocrinology Unit at the Department of paediatrics at the University Hospital in Navarre.
The patients affected by eating habit disorders are at greater risk from developing osteopenia and osteoporosis compared to the healthy population, mainly due to their state of malnutrition and hypogonadism. The aim of this research was to measure the bone mass in female children and adolescents with eating habit disorders by means of two techniques of measurement: bone densitometry (a technique also known as DEXA or Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry) and osteosonography.
The technique conventionally employed to assess bone mass is DEXA although, in recent years, the systems using ultrasounds (such as osteosonography) are being more frequently applied – especially amongst women during menopause. The use of osteosonography in child patients is not widespread as yet. Measurement systems applying this technique generally determine the bone mass in the calcaneum (the great bone of the heel) or the phalanges of the hand. This last system is the one that was used for this research.
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The quantum world is fragile; error correction codes are needed to protect the information stored in a quantum object from the deteriorating effects of noise. Quantum physicists in Innsbruck have developed a protocol to pass quantum information between differently encoded building blocks of a future quantum computer, such as processors and memories. Scientists may use this protocol in the future to build a data bus for quantum computers. The researchers have published their work in the journal Nature Communications.
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