Treating benign tumors outside the brain with CyberKnife Frameless Radiosurgery resulted in significant improvement in symptoms and minimal toxicity, according to a study by University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine researchers presented today at the 46th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology (ASTRO) in Atlanta.
"While stereotactic radiosurgery for the treatment of benign brain tumors has become widely accepted, our knowledge about the use of this technology for benign tumors outside the brain has been limited," said Steve Burton, M.D., study co-author and assistant professor, department of radiation oncology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. "The results of our study indicate that treating these tumors with CyberKnife is safe and effective and can successfully control their growth and progression."
The study, whose purpose was to evaluate the feasibility, toxicity and local control of patients with symptomatic benign tumors treated with CyberKnife, evaluated 50 benign tumors in 35 patients who underwent radiosurgery between 2001 and 2004 at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center. The tumors were located in the spine (36), neck (6), skull (3), eye (3) and brainstem (2). Seventy-eight percent of patients treated with CyberKnife experienced an improvement in their pre-treatment symptoms, which included pain and weakness. The local control rate – the rate at which the tumors growth was controlled locally – was 96 percent for the 26 patients who underwent follow-up imaging from one to 25 months after the treatment was administered.
Clare Collins | EurekAlert!
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The WHO reports an estimated 429,000 malaria deaths each year. The disease mostly affects tropical and subtropical regions and in particular the African continent. The Fraunhofer Institute for Silicate Research ISC teamed up with the Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology IME and the Institute of Tropical Medicine at the University of Tübingen for a new test method to detect malaria parasites in blood. The idea of the research project “NanoFRET” is to develop a highly sensitive and reliable rapid diagnostic test so that patient treatment can begin as early as possible.
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The formation of stars in distant galaxies is still largely unexplored. For the first time, astron-omers at the University of Geneva have now been able to closely observe a star system six billion light-years away. In doing so, they are confirming earlier simulations made by the University of Zurich. One special effect is made possible by the multiple reflections of images that run through the cosmos like a snake.
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Computer Tomography (CT) is a standard procedure in hospitals, but so far, the technology has not been suitable for imaging extremely small objects. In PNAS, a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) describes a Nano-CT device that creates three-dimensional x-ray images at resolutions up to 100 nanometers. The first test application: Together with colleagues from the University of Kassel and Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht the researchers analyzed the locomotory system of a velvet worm.
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The quantum world is fragile; error correction codes are needed to protect the information stored in a quantum object from the deteriorating effects of noise. Quantum physicists in Innsbruck have developed a protocol to pass quantum information between differently encoded building blocks of a future quantum computer, such as processors and memories. Scientists may use this protocol in the future to build a data bus for quantum computers. The researchers have published their work in the journal Nature Communications.
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