Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Young women with low CVD risk have lower death rate when aged

06.10.2004


Young women at low risk for coronary heart disease and cardiovascular diseases have a lower long-term death rate from these diseases and all other causes compared with those with higher risk levels, according to an article in the Oct. 6 issue of The Journal of the American Medicine.



Cardiovascular risk factors include high blood pressure, elevated cholesterol level, high body mass index, diabetes and cigarette smoking.

Studies have shown that young adult men and middle-aged men and women with favorable levels of all major cardiovascular risk factors, that is, low-risk status, have much lower age-specific risks for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and death from all causes than those with adverse levels of one or more risk factors. However, until now, this relationship has not been studied in young women.


Martha L. Daviglus, M.D., professor of preventive medicine, and colleagues at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine examined the relationship between the presence of low levels of risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD) and CVD in young adulthood and long-term incidence and cause of death in women.

The Chicago Heart Association Detection Project in Industry Study screened approximately 40,000 people 18 years and older from 1967 to 1973. Those at risk for CHD and/or CVD were classified using national guidelines for values of blood pressure, cholesterol, body mass index, diabetes and smoking status.

Of 7,302 women, 20 percent were classified as at low risk for CHD and CVD. In general, women at low risk were younger, white and better educated. A majority of the women (56 percent) had high levels of one or more risk factors. During an average 31 years of follow-up, there were 47 CHD deaths, 94 CVD deaths, and 469 deaths from all causes.

"Our findings show that for young women, a low cardiovascular risk profile is associated with lower long-term CHD, CVD, and all-cause mortality -- results in concert with previous findings on young men and middle-aged men and women," Daviglus and co-authors said.

Findings of the study demonstrate that among persons at low risk earlier in life, CHD and CVD cease to occur at epidemic rates. "These data underscore the importance of a national public priority emphasizing prevention and control of all major CVD risk factors by lifestyle approaches from conception, weaning, childhood, and youth on to increase proportions of the population at low CVD risk," the researchers said.

Daviglus’s co-researchers on this study were Jeremiah Stamler, M.D., emeritus professor of preventive medicine; Amber Pirzada, M.D.; Lijing L. Yan, research assistant professor of preventive medicine; Daniel B. Garside; Kiang Liu, professor of preventive medicine; Renwei Wang, M.D.; Alan Dyer, professor of preventive medicine; Donald M. Lloyd-Jones, M.D., assistant professor of preventive medicine and medicine; and Philip Greenland, M.D., Harry W. Dingman Professor of Cardiology and chair of preventive medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine.

Elizabeth Crown | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.northwestern.edu

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Biofilm discovery suggests new way to prevent dangerous infections
23.05.2017 | University of Texas at Austin

nachricht Another reason to exercise: Burning bone fat -- a key to better bone health
19.05.2017 | University of North Carolina Health Care

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Turmoil in sluggish electrons’ existence

An international team of physicists has monitored the scattering behaviour of electrons in a non-conducting material in real-time. Their insights could be beneficial for radiotherapy.

We can refer to electrons in non-conducting materials as ‘sluggish’. Typically, they remain fixed in a location, deep inside an atomic composite. It is hence...

Im Focus: Wafer-thin Magnetic Materials Developed for Future Quantum Technologies

Two-dimensional magnetic structures are regarded as a promising material for new types of data storage, since the magnetic properties of individual molecular building blocks can be investigated and modified. For the first time, researchers have now produced a wafer-thin ferrimagnet, in which molecules with different magnetic centers arrange themselves on a gold surface to form a checkerboard pattern. Scientists at the Swiss Nanoscience Institute at the University of Basel and the Paul Scherrer Institute published their findings in the journal Nature Communications.

Ferrimagnets are composed of two centers which are magnetized at different strengths and point in opposing directions. Two-dimensional, quasi-flat ferrimagnets...

Im Focus: World's thinnest hologram paves path to new 3-D world

Nano-hologram paves way for integration of 3-D holography into everyday electronics

An Australian-Chinese research team has created the world's thinnest hologram, paving the way towards the integration of 3D holography into everyday...

Im Focus: Using graphene to create quantum bits

In the race to produce a quantum computer, a number of projects are seeking a way to create quantum bits -- or qubits -- that are stable, meaning they are not much affected by changes in their environment. This normally needs highly nonlinear non-dissipative elements capable of functioning at very low temperatures.

In pursuit of this goal, researchers at EPFL's Laboratory of Photonics and Quantum Measurements LPQM (STI/SB), have investigated a nonlinear graphene-based...

Im Focus: Bacteria harness the lotus effect to protect themselves

Biofilms: Researchers find the causes of water-repelling properties

Dental plaque and the viscous brown slime in drainpipes are two familiar examples of bacterial biofilms. Removing such bacterial depositions from surfaces is...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

AWK Aachen Machine Tool Colloquium 2017: Internet of Production for Agile Enterprises

23.05.2017 | Event News

Dortmund MST Conference presents Individualized Healthcare Solutions with micro and nanotechnology

22.05.2017 | Event News

Innovation 4.0: Shaping a humane fourth industrial revolution

17.05.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Scientists propose synestia, a new type of planetary object

23.05.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Zap! Graphene is bad news for bacteria

23.05.2017 | Life Sciences

Medical gamma-ray camera is now palm-sized

23.05.2017 | Medical Engineering

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>