Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:


Young women with low CVD risk have lower death rate when aged


Young women at low risk for coronary heart disease and cardiovascular diseases have a lower long-term death rate from these diseases and all other causes compared with those with higher risk levels, according to an article in the Oct. 6 issue of The Journal of the American Medicine.

Cardiovascular risk factors include high blood pressure, elevated cholesterol level, high body mass index, diabetes and cigarette smoking.

Studies have shown that young adult men and middle-aged men and women with favorable levels of all major cardiovascular risk factors, that is, low-risk status, have much lower age-specific risks for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and death from all causes than those with adverse levels of one or more risk factors. However, until now, this relationship has not been studied in young women.

Martha L. Daviglus, M.D., professor of preventive medicine, and colleagues at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine examined the relationship between the presence of low levels of risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD) and CVD in young adulthood and long-term incidence and cause of death in women.

The Chicago Heart Association Detection Project in Industry Study screened approximately 40,000 people 18 years and older from 1967 to 1973. Those at risk for CHD and/or CVD were classified using national guidelines for values of blood pressure, cholesterol, body mass index, diabetes and smoking status.

Of 7,302 women, 20 percent were classified as at low risk for CHD and CVD. In general, women at low risk were younger, white and better educated. A majority of the women (56 percent) had high levels of one or more risk factors. During an average 31 years of follow-up, there were 47 CHD deaths, 94 CVD deaths, and 469 deaths from all causes.

"Our findings show that for young women, a low cardiovascular risk profile is associated with lower long-term CHD, CVD, and all-cause mortality -- results in concert with previous findings on young men and middle-aged men and women," Daviglus and co-authors said.

Findings of the study demonstrate that among persons at low risk earlier in life, CHD and CVD cease to occur at epidemic rates. "These data underscore the importance of a national public priority emphasizing prevention and control of all major CVD risk factors by lifestyle approaches from conception, weaning, childhood, and youth on to increase proportions of the population at low CVD risk," the researchers said.

Daviglus’s co-researchers on this study were Jeremiah Stamler, M.D., emeritus professor of preventive medicine; Amber Pirzada, M.D.; Lijing L. Yan, research assistant professor of preventive medicine; Daniel B. Garside; Kiang Liu, professor of preventive medicine; Renwei Wang, M.D.; Alan Dyer, professor of preventive medicine; Donald M. Lloyd-Jones, M.D., assistant professor of preventive medicine and medicine; and Philip Greenland, M.D., Harry W. Dingman Professor of Cardiology and chair of preventive medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine.

Elizabeth Crown | EurekAlert!
Further information:

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Advanced analysis of brain structure shape may track progression to Alzheimer's disease
26.10.2016 | Massachusetts General Hospital

nachricht Indian roadside refuse fires produce toxic rainbow
26.10.2016 | Duke University

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Etching Microstructures with Lasers

Ultrafast lasers have introduced new possibilities in engraving ultrafine structures, and scientists are now also investigating how to use them to etch microstructures into thin glass. There are possible applications in analytics (lab on a chip) and especially in electronics and the consumer sector, where great interest has been shown.

This new method was born of a surprising phenomenon: irradiating glass in a particular way with an ultrafast laser has the effect of making the glass up to a...

Im Focus: Light-driven atomic rotations excite magnetic waves

Terahertz excitation of selected crystal vibrations leads to an effective magnetic field that drives coherent spin motion

Controlling functional properties by light is one of the grand goals in modern condensed matter physics and materials science. A new study now demonstrates how...

Im Focus: New 3-D wiring technique brings scalable quantum computers closer to reality

Researchers from the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at the University of Waterloo led the development of a new extensible wiring technique capable of controlling superconducting quantum bits, representing a significant step towards to the realization of a scalable quantum computer.

"The quantum socket is a wiring method that uses three-dimensional wires based on spring-loaded pins to address individual qubits," said Jeremy Béjanin, a PhD...

Im Focus: Scientists develop a semiconductor nanocomposite material that moves in response to light

In a paper in Scientific Reports, a research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute describes a novel light-activated phenomenon that could become the basis for applications as diverse as microscopic robotic grippers and more efficient solar cells.

A research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) has developed a revolutionary, light-activated semiconductor nanocomposite material that can be used...

Im Focus: Diamonds aren't forever: Sandia, Harvard team create first quantum computer bridge

By forcefully embedding two silicon atoms in a diamond matrix, Sandia researchers have demonstrated for the first time on a single chip all the components needed to create a quantum bridge to link quantum computers together.

"People have already built small quantum computers," says Sandia researcher Ryan Camacho. "Maybe the first useful one won't be a single giant quantum computer...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>



Event News

#IC2S2: When Social Science meets Computer Science - GESIS will host the IC2S2 conference 2017

14.10.2016 | Event News

Agricultural Trade Developments and Potentials in Central Asia and the South Caucasus

14.10.2016 | Event News

World Health Summit – Day Three: A Call to Action

12.10.2016 | Event News

Latest News

How nanoscience will improve our health and lives in the coming years

27.10.2016 | Materials Sciences

OU-led team discovers rare, newborn tri-star system using ALMA

27.10.2016 | Physics and Astronomy

'Neighbor maps' reveal the genome's 3-D shape

27.10.2016 | Life Sciences

More VideoLinks >>>