In 1999, West Nile virus (WNV) appeared in New York City, marking the most significant beginning of a new, vector-borne human pathogen in the United States over the past century. Throughout North American history, rapid expansion of various modes of travel and commerce have led to the introduction of such vector-borne human pathogens as dengue, yellow fever, plague and malaria. Now, it is West Nile Virus that has captured the attention of infectious disease officials as well as the American public.
In 2003 alone, this illness afflicted more than 9800 individuals resulting in 264 deaths. The wide range of symptoms includes malaise, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, headache, myalgia, and dysphasia, as well affecting the lymph nodes. Patients will seek treatment from their primary care provider; but the ear, nose, and throat specialist may also be required to offer care with those diagnosed with this disorder.
Two U.S. Air Force otolaryngologist—head and neck surgeons are offering their colleagues a primer on West Nile virus, designed specifically to meet the needs of the specialty. The authors of “West Nile Virus: A Primer for the Otolaryngologist,” are Peter G. Michaelson, MD, Captain, USAF, MC, Eric A. Mair, MD, Colonel, USAF, MC, both from the Department of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, Wilford Hall USAF Medical Center, San Antonio, TX. Their report is being presented at the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation Annual Meeting & OTO EXPO, being held September 19-22, 2004, at the Jacob K. Javits Convention Center, New York City, NY.
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Using ultrafast flashes of laser and x-ray radiation, scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (Garching, Germany) took snapshots of the briefest electron motion inside a solid material to date. The electron motion lasted only 750 billionths of the billionth of a second before it fainted, setting a new record of human capability to capture ultrafast processes inside solids!
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For the first time, physicists have successfully imaged spiral magnetic ordering in a multiferroic material. These materials are considered highly promising candidates for future data storage media. The researchers were able to prove their findings using unique quantum sensors that were developed at Basel University and that can analyze electromagnetic fields on the nanometer scale. The results – obtained by scientists from the University of Basel’s Department of Physics, the Swiss Nanoscience Institute, the University of Montpellier and several laboratories from University Paris-Saclay – were recently published in the journal Nature.
Multiferroics are materials that simultaneously react to electric and magnetic fields. These two properties are rarely found together, and their combined...
MBM ScienceBridge GmbH successfully negotiated a license agreement between University Medical Center Göttingen (UMG) and the biotech company Tissue Systems Holding GmbH about commercial use of a multi-well tissue plate for automated and reliable tissue engineering & drug testing.
MBM ScienceBridge GmbH successfully negotiated a license agreement between University Medical Center Göttingen (UMG) and the biotech company Tissue Systems...
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