Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

New test for kidney disease could reduce dialysis need

13.09.2004


A new non-invasive test for kidney disease, developed by clinicians at Hammersmith Hospitals NHS Trust and Imperial College London, is providing a simple, safe, cheap and reliable method of detecting kidney disease. The new test, reported today in the journal Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, can detect disease before symptoms become apparent, and offers a quicker way of finding out if patients are responding to treatment – which could mean that some patients might not need costly dialysis.



Around 100,000 people in the UK have kidney disease, and the number is increasing, costing the NHS over £2 billion annually. Over 7000 people die from kidney failure every year. “Patients with a progressive kidney disease due to vasculitis* often develop kidney failure, the only treatment for which is dialysis or kidney transplant,” explains Dr Fred Tam, consultant nephrologist at Charing Cross and Hammersmith Hospitals and senior lecturer at Imperial College London. “By looking at a chemical produced when the kidney becomes inflamed, we can test patient’s urine for the level of disease, often before clinical symptoms appear.” The test could eventually replace the need to take biopsies from the kidney – a complicated and uncomfortable surgical procedure.

Current treatments for kidney vasculitis involve using drugs that knock out the body’s immune system. These drugs can cause side effects, including vulnerability to infection and risk of reduced fertility. This new test can accurately measure response to treatment, allowing clinicians to tailor treatments to individual patients. “The test can tell us if a treatment is working, and shows us, before it is too late, if we need to change the medication, without the need to perform a biopsy,” adds Dr Tam.


The test works by identifying the amount of a cytokine molecule called monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) present in the urine. MCP-1 is produced by the body as a response to inflammation, and attracts white blood cells to the area to combat pathogens. However, overreaction of the white blood cells may also cause vasculitis and organ damage. Each test costs less than £20 to administer. Kidney dialysis costs around £29,000 per year for one patient.

Case study

Mr Noureddine Khallouki from North London was admitted to Hammersmith hospital earlier this year suffering from renal vasculitis, and volunteered to take part in trialling the MCP-1 test. “I was happy to help out, as I think it’s important to give something back. Any new developments that reduce the need to take biopsies is a good thing – the procedure is uncomfortable and meant I was unable to move for about 8 hours afterwards in case of bleeding.” The test showed that Mr Khallouki was responding well to treatment and he has since made a full recovery.

Simon Wilde | alfa
Further information:
http://www.hhnt.nhs.uk

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Hot cars can hit deadly temperatures in as little as one hour
24.05.2018 | Arizona State University

nachricht 3D images of cancer cells in the body: Medical physicists from Halle present new method
16.05.2018 | Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Molecular switch will facilitate the development of pioneering electro-optical devices

A research team led by physicists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has developed molecular nanoswitches that can be toggled between two structurally different states using an applied voltage. They can serve as the basis for a pioneering class of devices that could replace silicon-based components with organic molecules.

The development of new electronic technologies drives the incessant reduction of functional component sizes. In the context of an international collaborative...

Im Focus: LZH showcases laser material processing of tomorrow at the LASYS 2018

At the LASYS 2018, from June 5th to 7th, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) will be showcasing processes for the laser material processing of tomorrow in hall 4 at stand 4E75. With blown bomb shells the LZH will present first results of a research project on civil security.

At this year's LASYS, the LZH will exhibit light-based processes such as cutting, welding, ablation and structuring as well as additive manufacturing for...

Im Focus: Self-illuminating pixels for a new display generation

There are videos on the internet that can make one marvel at technology. For example, a smartphone is casually bent around the arm or a thin-film display is rolled in all directions and with almost every diameter. From the user's point of view, this looks fantastic. From a professional point of view, however, the question arises: Is that already possible?

At Display Week 2018, scientists from the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Polymer Research IAP will be demonstrating today’s technological possibilities and...

Im Focus: Explanation for puzzling quantum oscillations has been found

So-called quantum many-body scars allow quantum systems to stay out of equilibrium much longer, explaining experiment | Study published in Nature Physics

Recently, researchers from Harvard and MIT succeeded in trapping a record 53 atoms and individually controlling their quantum state, realizing what is called a...

Im Focus: Dozens of binaries from Milky Way's globular clusters could be detectable by LISA

Next-generation gravitational wave detector in space will complement LIGO on Earth

The historic first detection of gravitational waves from colliding black holes far outside our galaxy opened a new window to understanding the universe. A...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

Save the date: Forum European Neuroscience – 07-11 July 2018 in Berlin, Germany

02.05.2018 | Event News

Invitation to the upcoming "Current Topics in Bioinformatics: Big Data in Genomics and Medicine"

13.04.2018 | Event News

Unique scope of UV LED technologies and applications presented in Berlin: ICULTA-2018

12.04.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

When corals eat plastics

24.05.2018 | Ecology, The Environment and Conservation

Surgery involving ultrasound energy found to treat high blood pressure

24.05.2018 | Medical Engineering

First chip-scale broadband optical system that can sense molecules in the mid-IR

24.05.2018 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>