The origins of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have been studied with the help of data generated from close to 2000 patients with recent onset RA, who have been followed longitudinally be means of structured surveillance programs in Swedish Rheumatology and coordinated from the Karolinska Institutet and Karolinska University Hospital.
"One interesting finding is that smoking in the context of certain genetic predispositions, increases the risk for rheumatoid arthritis in a dramatic way, i.e. a marked gene-environment interaction is present between genes and environment in RA. The findings reinforce the special need for programs aimed at cessation of smoking in individuals with RA and at risk for RA" says Lars Klareskog, Professor at Karolinska Institutet.
The outcomes of RA, and in particular the results of different treatments have also been studied with the help of longitudinal structured surveillance programs. "Here, we have been able to monitor both effects and adverse effects of conventional as well as novel "biological" therapies against RA in clinical practice. The systems have enabled us to study the prognostic value of immunologic as well as genetic factors, and thereby helped in optimising therapy for the individual patient" says Lars Klareskog.
Pontus Bråmer | alfa
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A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg presents evidence of the coexistence of superconductivity and “charge-density-waves” in compounds of the poorly-studied family of bismuthates. This observation opens up new perspectives for a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of high-temperature superconductivity, a topic which is at the core of condensed matter research since more than 30 years. The paper by Nicoletti et al has been published in the PNAS.
Since the beginning of the 20th century, superconductivity had been observed in some metals at temperatures only a few degrees above the absolute zero (minus...
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