The origins of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have been studied with the help of data generated from close to 2000 patients with recent onset RA, who have been followed longitudinally be means of structured surveillance programs in Swedish Rheumatology and coordinated from the Karolinska Institutet and Karolinska University Hospital.
"One interesting finding is that smoking in the context of certain genetic predispositions, increases the risk for rheumatoid arthritis in a dramatic way, i.e. a marked gene-environment interaction is present between genes and environment in RA. The findings reinforce the special need for programs aimed at cessation of smoking in individuals with RA and at risk for RA" says Lars Klareskog, Professor at Karolinska Institutet.
The outcomes of RA, and in particular the results of different treatments have also been studied with the help of longitudinal structured surveillance programs. "Here, we have been able to monitor both effects and adverse effects of conventional as well as novel "biological" therapies against RA in clinical practice. The systems have enabled us to study the prognostic value of immunologic as well as genetic factors, and thereby helped in optimising therapy for the individual patient" says Lars Klareskog.
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Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have synthesized thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness that is about fifty times higher than copper films, currently used in electronics.
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The probability to find a certain number of photons inside a laser pulse usually corresponds to a classical distribution of independent events, the so-called...
Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.
Two-dimensional materials, or 2D materials for short, are extremely versatile, although – or often more precisely because – they are made up of just one or a...
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