A rapid test that can be performed during surgery to determine if melanoma has spread to lymph nodes has been developed at the Medical College of Wisconsin. The reagent making this possible has been standardized at the Medical College and is called the “MCW Melanoma Cocktail”. The test is capable of detecting even very few melanoma cells, a significant factor in managing the disease. The test for cancer spread may spare a patient an additional operation.
Melanoma is the most deadly of skin cancers and is dramatically on the rise in the United States. According to the American Cancer Society, an estimated 55,100 new cases of melanoma will develop in 2004, with 7,910 deaths. Overall, the incidence has doubled in the past 20 years.
The “MCW Melanoma Cocktail” is used for immunostaining and detecting melanoma cells in ‘sentinel lymph nodes’ during surgery, explains lead investigator Vinod Shidham, M. D., FIAC, MRCPath, associate professor in the department of pathology and executive editor and editor-in-chief of CytoJournal. Dr. Shidham is also director of the Fine Needle Aspiration Biopsy Service at Froedtert Hospital, a major teaching hospital of the Medical College. The study’s co-investigators at the Medical College were Walter Dzwierzynski, M. D., associate professor of plastic surgery, and Marcelle Neuburg, M.D., associate professor of dermatology. Both physicians practice at Froedtert Hospital.
Team discovers how bacteria exploit a chink in the body's armor
20.01.2017 | University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Rabies viruses reveal wiring in transparent brains
19.01.2017 | Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn
An important step towards a completely new experimental access to quantum physics has been made at University of Konstanz. The team of scientists headed by...
Yersiniae cause severe intestinal infections. Studies using Yersinia pseudotuberculosis as a model organism aim to elucidate the infection mechanisms of these...
Researchers from the University of Hamburg in Germany, in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Aarhus in Denmark, have synthesized a new superconducting material by growing a few layers of an antiferromagnetic transition-metal chalcogenide on a bismuth-based topological insulator, both being non-superconducting materials.
While superconductivity and magnetism are generally believed to be mutually exclusive, surprisingly, in this new material, superconducting correlations...
Laser-driving of semimetals allows creating novel quasiparticle states within condensed matter systems and switching between different states on ultrafast time scales
Studying properties of fundamental particles in condensed matter systems is a promising approach to quantum field theory. Quasiparticles offer the opportunity...
Among the general public, solar thermal energy is currently associated with dark blue, rectangular collectors on building roofs. Technologies are needed for aesthetically high quality architecture which offer the architect more room for manoeuvre when it comes to low- and plus-energy buildings. With the “ArKol” project, researchers at Fraunhofer ISE together with partners are currently developing two façade collectors for solar thermal energy generation, which permit a high degree of design flexibility: a strip collector for opaque façade sections and a solar thermal blind for transparent sections. The current state of the two developments will be presented at the BAU 2017 trade fair.
As part of the “ArKol – development of architecturally highly integrated façade collectors with heat pipes” project, Fraunhofer ISE together with its partners...
19.01.2017 | Event News
10.01.2017 | Event News
09.01.2017 | Event News
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20.01.2017 | Materials Sciences
20.01.2017 | Life Sciences