Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:


Medications and imaginations help reduce post-operative pain in children


A new study by a nurse researcher shows that imagery – a simple method of distraction – can be used with pain medications to significantly reduce post-operative pain in children.

In the study, which was led by a nurse researcher at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, children who had their tonsils or adenoids removed were given an audio tape that enabled them to imagine they were going to "a favorite place." The children who used the tape reported significantly lower pain in the 24 hours after surgery than those who didn’t use the tape.

"When treating pain in children, we should appeal not only to the senses but also to feelings and emotions," says Myra Huth, PhD, RN, assistant vice president of nursing research at Cincinnati Children’s and the study’s main author. "Pain medications should be used in conjunction with comfort techniques. However, we still have work to do in this area."

The NIH-funded study, published in the current issue (July) of the journal Pain, examined the effectiveness of imagery and pain medications in reducing pain and anxiety after surgery for tonsillectomy and at home. Dr. Huth recruited 73 children between the ages of 7 and 12. Approximately half watched a video tape on the use of imagery and listened to a 30 minute audio tape of imagery a week prior to surgery. One to four hours after surgery, they listened to the audio tape and then listened to the tape at home approximately 24 hours after surgery.

Those who used imagery reported significantly less pain after ambulatory surgery but not at home, perhaps because their anxiety had decreased by being at home. "Some children used the tape to help them sleep before their surgery," says Dr. Huth. "I think it helped relieve anxiety before surgery and on the day of surgery, but once they got back into a safe environment, it wasn’t as effective."

Dr. Huth examined pain only from the removal of tonsils or adenoids, but she believes imagery would be effective in reducing anxiety during children’s hospital stays and in distracting them during most intrusive procedures. Her study indicated that even when given less than the recommended amounts of pain medication, children who used imagery reported reduced pain. But she is a staunch proponent of both approaches.

"The need for interventions that reduce children’s acute pain on a short-term basis is growing as a result of the continued demand for outpatient surgery, shortened hospital stays and difficulties with pain management in both the ambulatory setting and at home," she says. "We need to get better in adequately dosing pain medications in conjunction with using distraction techniques," she says. "Nurses are beginning to think differently about how they practice and how they can help patients and families with non-traditional methods of pain management."

Jim Feuer | EurekAlert!
Further information:

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Resolving the mystery of preeclampsia
21.10.2016 | Universitätsklinikum Magdeburg

nachricht New potential cancer treatment using microwaves to target deep tumors
12.10.2016 | University of Texas at Arlington

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: New 3-D wiring technique brings scalable quantum computers closer to reality

Researchers from the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at the University of Waterloo led the development of a new extensible wiring technique capable of controlling superconducting quantum bits, representing a significant step towards to the realization of a scalable quantum computer.

"The quantum socket is a wiring method that uses three-dimensional wires based on spring-loaded pins to address individual qubits," said Jeremy Béjanin, a PhD...

Im Focus: Scientists develop a semiconductor nanocomposite material that moves in response to light

In a paper in Scientific Reports, a research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute describes a novel light-activated phenomenon that could become the basis for applications as diverse as microscopic robotic grippers and more efficient solar cells.

A research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) has developed a revolutionary, light-activated semiconductor nanocomposite material that can be used...

Im Focus: Diamonds aren't forever: Sandia, Harvard team create first quantum computer bridge

By forcefully embedding two silicon atoms in a diamond matrix, Sandia researchers have demonstrated for the first time on a single chip all the components needed to create a quantum bridge to link quantum computers together.

"People have already built small quantum computers," says Sandia researcher Ryan Camacho. "Maybe the first useful one won't be a single giant quantum computer...

Im Focus: New Products - Highlights of COMPAMED 2016

COMPAMED has become the leading international marketplace for suppliers of medical manufacturing. The trade fair, which takes place every November and is co-located to MEDICA in Dusseldorf, has been steadily growing over the past years and shows that medical technology remains a rapidly growing market.

In 2016, the joint pavilion by the IVAM Microtechnology Network, the Product Market “High-tech for Medical Devices”, will be located in Hall 8a again and will...

Im Focus: Ultra-thin ferroelectric material for next-generation electronics

'Ferroelectric' materials can switch between different states of electrical polarization in response to an external electric field. This flexibility means they show promise for many applications, for example in electronic devices and computer memory. Current ferroelectric materials are highly valued for their thermal and chemical stability and rapid electro-mechanical responses, but creating a material that is scalable down to the tiny sizes needed for technologies like silicon-based semiconductors (Si-based CMOS) has proven challenging.

Now, Hiroshi Funakubo and co-workers at the Tokyo Institute of Technology, in collaboration with researchers across Japan, have conducted experiments to...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>



Event News

#IC2S2: When Social Science meets Computer Science - GESIS will host the IC2S2 conference 2017

14.10.2016 | Event News

Agricultural Trade Developments and Potentials in Central Asia and the South Caucasus

14.10.2016 | Event News

World Health Summit – Day Three: A Call to Action

12.10.2016 | Event News

Latest News

Resolving the mystery of preeclampsia

21.10.2016 | Health and Medicine

Stanford researchers create new special-purpose computer that may someday save us billions

21.10.2016 | Information Technology

From ancient fossils to future cars

21.10.2016 | Materials Sciences

More VideoLinks >>>