Diabetes, cardiovascular disease and high blood pressure are just some of the problems that overweight people may encounter. While researchers across the globe are working to solve these problems, the University of Missouri-Columbia has created the new MU Health Activity Center under the leadership of one MU professor. The center is the focal point of an effort to bring a cross-disciplinary approach to investigating the sedentary lifestyle, which is believed to be the cause of many of these problems.
“Sedentary lifestyle leads to chronic illness and no one is looking at it through a cross-disciplinary approach,” said Frank Booth, professor of biomedical sciences and founder of the new MU Health Activity Center. “We need to look at this problem from a variety of angles. MU, with its blend of veterinary medicine, medicine, nursing, health professions, and arts and sciences on the same campus, is in a great position to lead this charge.”
According to Booth, scientists in many scientific disciplines, such as archeology and anthropology, have information that would benefit this field. For example, by knowing how genes were selected 10,000 years ago and how that selection influenced metabolism, scientists might learn how the body stores fat and how it uses the excess weight.
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At the Hannover Messe 2018, the Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und-prüfung (BAM) will show how, in the future, astronauts could produce their own tools or spare parts in zero gravity using 3D printing. This will reduce, weight and transport costs for space missions. Visitors can experience the innovative additive manufacturing process live at the fair.
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Physicists at the Laboratory for Attosecond Physics, which is jointly run by Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität and the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, have developed a high-power laser system that generates ultrashort pulses of light covering a large share of the mid-infrared spectrum. The researchers envisage a wide range of applications for the technology – in the early diagnosis of cancer, for instance.
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University of Connecticut researchers have created a biodegradable composite made of silk fibers that can be used to repair broken load-bearing bones without the complications sometimes presented by other materials.
Repairing major load-bearing bones such as those in the leg can be a long and uncomfortable process.
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Novel highly efficient and brilliant gamma-ray source: Based on model calculations, physicists of the Max PIanck Institute for Nuclear Physics in Heidelberg propose a novel method for an efficient high-brilliance gamma-ray source. A giant collimated gamma-ray pulse is generated from the interaction of a dense ultra-relativistic electron beam with a thin solid conductor. Energetic gamma-rays are copiously produced as the electron beam splits into filaments while propagating across the conductor. The resulting gamma-ray energy and flux enable novel experiments in nuclear and fundamental physics.
The typical wavelength of light interacting with an object of the microcosm scales with the size of this object. For atoms, this ranges from visible light to...
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