Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Anorexia and bulimia and their relation to the consumption of drugs

26.07.2004


The Pamplona-based psychologist, Margarita Aguinaga Aguinaga, has recently defended her PhD at the Public University of Navarre on her research work into eating behaviour disorders – such as anorexia and bulimia – and drug consumption.



This descriptive and analytical study was in fact based on the requests for assistance for eating behaviour disorders registered in a centre in Pamplona between 2000 and 2002. 90 women patients were studied of which 46.7% were diagnosed anorexic, 43.4% with bulimia and the remaining 10 % with other eating behaviour disorders.

Eating behaviour disorders and consumption of drugs


This is precisely the main part of the research carried out by Margarita Aguinaga: the relation between patients with eating behaviour disorders and consumption of drugs. The thesis points out the similitude between certain clinical aspects, cognitive and conductive, and common eating disorders and substances dependence.

The percentage of daily smokers has descended amongst the population in general over the last five years. Nevertheless, higher rates of nicotine dependence has appeared in those patients with eating behaviour disorders. And the same is happening with alcohol consumption. In brief, persons with eating behaviour disorders who, moreover, smoke and/or drink, do so in greater amounts than the rest of the population.

Regarding the consumption of illegal drugs, the proportion of patients that experiment with substances is less than the percentages amongst the general population, although in those cases of habitual consumption, higher rates are observed amongst patients than amongst the population at large, if we exclude cannabis or marihuana, the habitual consumption of which continues to be higher amongst the general population.

Spme authors, such as Fairburn, point out that eating disorders come about at a stage prior to drugs consumption. Nevertheless, in this research, it has been found that the consumption of alcohol and tobacco precedes the eating disorder, while consumption of drugs that are illegal is posterior.

In any case, M. Aguinaga’s study shows that bulemic persons are greater consumers of drugs than anorexic patients, and that the simultaneous presence of eating disorders and substances consumption is greater when social-family factors are more unfavourable and/or give rise to stressful factors: family violence, rejection by peers, school failure, etc.

Finally, and in this context, the researcher conclude that patients that consumed illegal drugs showed more imbalances in their dietary behaviour.

Iñaki Casado Redin | Basque research
Further information:
http://www.unavarra.es

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht New malaria analysis method reveals disease severity in minutes
14.08.2017 | University of British Columbia

nachricht New type of blood cells work as indicators of autoimmunity
14.08.2017 | Instituto de Medicina Molecular

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Fizzy soda water could be key to clean manufacture of flat wonder material: Graphene

Whether you call it effervescent, fizzy, or sparkling, carbonated water is making a comeback as a beverage. Aside from quenching thirst, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have discovered a new use for these "bubbly" concoctions that will have major impact on the manufacturer of the world's thinnest, flattest, and one most useful materials -- graphene.

As graphene's popularity grows as an advanced "wonder" material, the speed and quality at which it can be manufactured will be paramount. With that in mind,...

Im Focus: Exotic quantum states made from light: Physicists create optical “wells” for a super-photon

Physicists at the University of Bonn have managed to create optical hollows and more complex patterns into which the light of a Bose-Einstein condensate flows. The creation of such highly low-loss structures for light is a prerequisite for complex light circuits, such as for quantum information processing for a new generation of computers. The researchers are now presenting their results in the journal Nature Photonics.

Light particles (photons) occur as tiny, indivisible portions. Many thousands of these light portions can be merged to form a single super-photon if they are...

Im Focus: Circular RNA linked to brain function

For the first time, scientists have shown that circular RNA is linked to brain function. When a RNA molecule called Cdr1as was deleted from the genome of mice, the animals had problems filtering out unnecessary information – like patients suffering from neuropsychiatric disorders.

While hundreds of circular RNAs (circRNAs) are abundant in mammalian brains, one big question has remained unanswered: What are they actually good for? In the...

Im Focus: RAVAN CubeSat measures Earth's outgoing energy

An experimental small satellite has successfully collected and delivered data on a key measurement for predicting changes in Earth's climate.

The Radiometer Assessment using Vertically Aligned Nanotubes (RAVAN) CubeSat was launched into low-Earth orbit on Nov. 11, 2016, in order to test new...

Im Focus: Scientists shine new light on the “other high temperature superconductor”

A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg presents evidence of the coexistence of superconductivity and “charge-density-waves” in compounds of the poorly-studied family of bismuthates. This observation opens up new perspectives for a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of high-temperature superconductivity, a topic which is at the core of condensed matter research since more than 30 years. The paper by Nicoletti et al has been published in the PNAS.

Since the beginning of the 20th century, superconductivity had been observed in some metals at temperatures only a few degrees above the absolute zero (minus...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Call for Papers – ICNFT 2018, 5th International Conference on New Forming Technology

16.08.2017 | Event News

Sustainability is the business model of tomorrow

04.08.2017 | Event News

Clash of Realities 2017: Registration now open. International Conference at TH Köln

26.07.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

A Map of the Cell’s Power Station

18.08.2017 | Life Sciences

Engineering team images tiny quasicrystals as they form

18.08.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Researchers printed graphene-like materials with inkjet

18.08.2017 | Materials Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>