magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as a non-invasive diagnostic method has been evolving into an attractive alternative to methods which are associated with radiation exposure. This development now also starts to manifest itself in lung perfusion imaging. This was reported by Dr. Christian Fink and colleagues of the Radiology Division of the Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum (German Cancer Research Center) in a recent issue of the journal Radiology*.
Diagnosis of numerous diseases of the lungs requires precise imaging of lung perfusion. The standard method used is called perfusion scintigraphy. It involves injecting a radioactive substance into a patient’s bloodstream and then making a scan of its distribution in the lungs. An equally precise and absolutely radiation-free method for evaluating lung perfusion now turns out to be magnetic resonance imaging (MRI, also called nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) scan).
In a comparative study of 7 healthy probands and 20 patients with suspected lung cancer, the researchers compared magnetic resonance imaging to the standard method of perfusion scintigraphy. MRI showed a higher temporal and spatial resolution in lung perfusion imaging and provides the additional advantage of three-dimensional image data, which makes it easier to recognize blood circulation changes. Perfusion defects caused by tumors were recognized with high accuracy. In direct comparison with the standard method, MRI was found to be at least equally good.
Julia Rautenstrauch | alfa
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