There are genetic differences between epilepsy patients that decide on whether medical treatment is successful or not. This is the result of a major study at the Vienna General Hospital. These new insights form the basis for an epilepsy therapy tailor-made for the needs of each individual patient. This study will be presented to the scientific community at the end of May at the largest European congress on epilepsy that will be taking place in Vienna this year.
As much as three percent of the population will contract epilepsy during the course of their lives. However, thanks to state-of-the-art medicines, two-thirds of all persons affected will be able to lead lives free of epileptic attacks, although one third respond less well to these drugs. These patients were the focus of a study with more than 630 test subjects carried out by the University Hospital of Neurology at the University Hospital of Neurology. This study was dedicated to unlocking the key to a phenomenon that has long since been known in this group of patients. Namely, why does the efficacy of drugs vary so strongly from one patient to the next? In the future, the results obtained from the study of Dr. Fritz Zimprich and his team will make it possible to make a dramatic improvement in the diagnosis of the efficacy of medical therapy.
We know that there are proteins that provide something akin to chemical detoxification and they are also to be found in the brain. These transport proteins ensure that potentially damaging substances are carried away from the cells. For a healthy organism, this protective mechanism makes a lot of sense. However, it can make it more difficult to treat diseased tissue with drugs because these proteins often transport medicines from the cells that are meant to cure them.
Till C. Jelitto | alfa
Improving memory with magnets
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Graphene-based neural probes probe brain activity in high resolution
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The Institute of Semiconductor Technology and the Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, both members of the Laboratory for Emerging Nanometrology (LENA), at Technische Universität Braunschweig are partners in a new European research project entitled ChipScope, which aims to develop a completely new and extremely small optical microscope capable of observing the interior of living cells in real time. A consortium of 7 partners from 5 countries will tackle this issue with very ambitious objectives during a four-year research program.
To demonstrate the usefulness of this new scientific tool, at the end of the project the developed chip-sized microscope will be used to observe in real-time...
Astronomers from Bonn and Tautenburg in Thuringia (Germany) used the 100-m radio telescope at Effelsberg to observe several galaxy clusters. At the edges of these large accumulations of dark matter, stellar systems (galaxies), hot gas, and charged particles, they found magnetic fields that are exceptionally ordered over distances of many million light years. This makes them the most extended magnetic fields in the universe known so far.
The results will be published on March 22 in the journal „Astronomy & Astrophysics“.
Galaxy clusters are the largest gravitationally bound structures in the universe. With a typical extent of about 10 million light years, i.e. 100 times the...
Researchers at the Goethe University Frankfurt, together with partners from the University of Tübingen in Germany and Queen Mary University as well as Francis Crick Institute from London (UK) have developed a novel technology to decipher the secret ubiquitin code.
Ubiquitin is a small protein that can be linked to other cellular proteins, thereby controlling and modulating their functions. The attachment occurs in many...
In the eternal search for next generation high-efficiency solar cells and LEDs, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and their partners are creating...
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are less stable. Now researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have, for the first time ever, produced a composite material combining silicon nanosheets and a polymer that is both UV-resistant and easy to process. This brings the scientists a significant step closer to industrial applications like flexible displays and photosensors.
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are...
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