Hypercholesterolemia patients now have a new method of diagnosis that enables them to know for sure if they are suffering from Familial Hypercholesteloremia (FH) or not. The new tool, known as Lipochip, is the first biochip for the diagnosis of Familial Hypercholesteloremia (a pathology that affects some 100,000 persons in Spain).
The majority of those currently suffering from FH are not diagnosed as such. It is calculated that less than 30% of them have received a correct diagnosis with the majority receiving inadequate or inappropriate treatment. Moreover, when the illness is diagnosed, it is often too late as the patient a premature cardiovascular event which may be life-threatening.
Lipochip enables the early diagnosis of a large number of patients in a short space of time. In this way, cardiovascular illnesses can be prevented, these pathologies appearing in more than half of the patients affected by FH before 55 years of age. Amongst those between 20 and 39 years of age who suffer from Familial Hypercholesterolemia, mortality due to a coronary pathology is 100 times greater than amongst those without FH.
Garazi Andonegi | Basque research
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Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have synthesized thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness that is about fifty times higher than copper films, currently used in electronics.
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The nearby, giant radio galaxy M87 hosts a supermassive black hole (BH) and is well-known for its bright jet dominating the spectrum over ten orders of magnitude in frequency. Due to its proximity, jet prominence, and the large black hole mass, M87 is the best laboratory for investigating the formation, acceleration, and collimation of relativistic jets. A research team led by Silke Britzen from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has found strong indication for turbulent processes connecting the accretion disk and the jet of that galaxy providing insights into the longstanding problem of the origin of astrophysical jets.
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The probability to find a certain number of photons inside a laser pulse usually corresponds to a classical distribution of independent events, the so-called...
Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.
Two-dimensional materials, or 2D materials for short, are extremely versatile, although – or often more precisely because – they are made up of just one or a...
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