Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

New approach offers hope to patients with rectal cancer

23.06.2003


The European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO)



The outlook for patients with advanced rectal cancer is looking more promising with a new treatment approach developed by Professor Andres Cervantes’ team in Spain. The results of a trial of chemo-radiation followed by surgery were presented at the European Society of Medical Oncology’s conference in Edinburgh today (20 June), demonstrating how to prevent a recurrence of the cancer.

Rectal cancer is a very difficult condition to treat because of the high risk of relapse. New growths are likely to occur in the same area so the key to successful treatment lies in controlling the cancer locally.


At the University Hospital Clinic in Valencia, Professor Cervantes and his multi-disciplinary team of oncologists, radiologists, surgeons and pathologists treated 50 patients with chemo-radiation, followed by surgery and further chemotherapy.

Thirty-six men and 14 women, whose average age was 61 years old, were carefully selected for the trial. Magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonography were used to predict their risk of relapse and if it seemed high, they received chemo-radiation therapy for five weeks before having an operation to remove the tumour. Six weeks after surgery, they had further chemotherapy for 16 weeks.

"The results were excellent," said Professor Cervantes. After two years, none of the patients had suffered a local relapse." However, he cautioned, the cancer spread elsewhere in the body in 12 people although this would be expected with rectal cancer. One of the main advantages of the new treatment strategy was that these patients did not necessarily require a colostomy.

"Our results suggest that chemo-radiation given before surgery can control the disease," said Dr Cervantes. Until recently, radiotherapy was considered to be the standard form of treatment after an operation, but his research has shown that given with chemotherapy before surgery, in selected patients, helps to control the development of cancer in the same area.

"Now that we know that it is possible to control cancer locally, we need to carry on with our research to find ways to control the spread of cancer to other parts of the body," he said.


For further information contact:

Edinburgh Press Office: Room Ochil
Tel ++44 (0)131 519 4131
Fax ++44 (0)131 519 4140

Opening times: Thursday, 19 June from 13.00-17.00
Friday, 20 June from 08.00-18.00
Saturday, 21 June from 08.00-19.00
Sunday, 22 June from 08.00-16.00

At other times, please contact:
Gracemarie Bricalli, ESMO Media Coordinator:
Tel. ++41 (0)91 973 19 11, Fax ++41 (0)91 973 19 12
Mobile ++41 (0)79 778 5177, gracemarie@esmo.org

Gracemarie Bricalli | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.esmo.org/

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht New malaria analysis method reveals disease severity in minutes
14.08.2017 | University of British Columbia

nachricht New type of blood cells work as indicators of autoimmunity
14.08.2017 | Instituto de Medicina Molecular

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Fizzy soda water could be key to clean manufacture of flat wonder material: Graphene

Whether you call it effervescent, fizzy, or sparkling, carbonated water is making a comeback as a beverage. Aside from quenching thirst, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have discovered a new use for these "bubbly" concoctions that will have major impact on the manufacturer of the world's thinnest, flattest, and one most useful materials -- graphene.

As graphene's popularity grows as an advanced "wonder" material, the speed and quality at which it can be manufactured will be paramount. With that in mind,...

Im Focus: Exotic quantum states made from light: Physicists create optical “wells” for a super-photon

Physicists at the University of Bonn have managed to create optical hollows and more complex patterns into which the light of a Bose-Einstein condensate flows. The creation of such highly low-loss structures for light is a prerequisite for complex light circuits, such as for quantum information processing for a new generation of computers. The researchers are now presenting their results in the journal Nature Photonics.

Light particles (photons) occur as tiny, indivisible portions. Many thousands of these light portions can be merged to form a single super-photon if they are...

Im Focus: Circular RNA linked to brain function

For the first time, scientists have shown that circular RNA is linked to brain function. When a RNA molecule called Cdr1as was deleted from the genome of mice, the animals had problems filtering out unnecessary information – like patients suffering from neuropsychiatric disorders.

While hundreds of circular RNAs (circRNAs) are abundant in mammalian brains, one big question has remained unanswered: What are they actually good for? In the...

Im Focus: RAVAN CubeSat measures Earth's outgoing energy

An experimental small satellite has successfully collected and delivered data on a key measurement for predicting changes in Earth's climate.

The Radiometer Assessment using Vertically Aligned Nanotubes (RAVAN) CubeSat was launched into low-Earth orbit on Nov. 11, 2016, in order to test new...

Im Focus: Scientists shine new light on the “other high temperature superconductor”

A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg presents evidence of the coexistence of superconductivity and “charge-density-waves” in compounds of the poorly-studied family of bismuthates. This observation opens up new perspectives for a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of high-temperature superconductivity, a topic which is at the core of condensed matter research since more than 30 years. The paper by Nicoletti et al has been published in the PNAS.

Since the beginning of the 20th century, superconductivity had been observed in some metals at temperatures only a few degrees above the absolute zero (minus...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Call for Papers – ICNFT 2018, 5th International Conference on New Forming Technology

16.08.2017 | Event News

Sustainability is the business model of tomorrow

04.08.2017 | Event News

Clash of Realities 2017: Registration now open. International Conference at TH Köln

26.07.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

A Map of the Cell’s Power Station

18.08.2017 | Life Sciences

Engineering team images tiny quasicrystals as they form

18.08.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Researchers printed graphene-like materials with inkjet

18.08.2017 | Materials Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>