Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

New global alliance brings food fortification to world’s poor

13.06.2003


For just pennies per person per year, the new Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN) plans to bring the benefits of foods fortified with vitamins and minerals and end micronutrient deficiency for the poor in developing countries, which can save millions of lives and prevent crippling conditions such as blindness and mental retardation.

“Micronutrient deficiency also has many invisible economic effects that are widely underestimated, because they sap the energy of working-age people and hurt the learning ability of children, causing billions of dollars in lost productivity in developing countries, who can least afford it,” says Jay Naidoo, Chairperson of the Development Bank of South Africa and Chairperson of GAIN, a coalition of public and private sector organizations. “Vitamins and minerals provide one important key to poverty reduction and economic improvement in the developing world.”

GAIN announced that China, Morocco, South Africa and Vietnam will be the first four countries receiving its fortification grants. Other countries are expected to be added by the end of the year, GAIN said at its announcement, made at the World Economic Forum’s Africa Economic Summit in Durban, South Africa.



“No other technology offers as big a way to improve life for the world’s poorest at such low costs or in so short a time,” says Rolf Carriere, GAIN’s Executive Director. “Our alliance can jump-start the process by helping countries initiate large-scale food fortification in just one year, rather than the 10 years or more that conventional assistance programs often take to put into action.” The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation started GAIN with a $50 million grant, followed by contributions from the Canadian, US and Dutch governments, with the World Bank serving as the trustee.

GAIN will assist recipient countries in putting iron, iodine, Vitamin A, folic acid and other vitamins and minerals into every day foods like salt, flour, oil, sugar and soy sauce, depending on each nation’s food habits.

Research has demonstrated that fetal deaths, blindness, anemia, mental retardation and many common infections that kill the young and the weak are prevalent in the developing world simply because individuals lack adequate essential vitamins and minerals in their diets. One of the most successful programs has been the addition of iodine to salt to prevent mental retardation and IQ loss. Some 70 percent of all salt now consumed worldwide is iodized.

“The GAIN initiative is going to make a real difference in people’s lives,” says Mr. Carriere. “For example, five to six years from now, children will not be going blind anymore in recipient countries that fortify foods with Vitamin A.”

Mr. Carriere adds that GAIN’s approach is new because “we’re working on fortification at the international level, gathering technology and assistance from many advanced countries, then channeling it to individual countries, giving them the funds to do what they need to do. It’s a large-scale fortification approach.”

“In the United States and other industrialized countries, people don’t even think about the fact that our staple foods are fortified with essential vitamins and minerals,” says Mr. Naidoo. “ We benefit from such programs with every slice of bread we eat and with every shake of salt. This is not so in nearly all of the poorer countries.”

By contributing to the reduction of micronutrient deficiencies, GAIN aims to:

  • Decrease child and maternal morbidity and mortality
  • Lower health care costs
  • Improve productivity
  • Promote the ability of populations to achieve their physical and intellectual potential.

“The key point is that fortification is for prevention,” says Dr. Richard Hurrell, Professor of Human Nutrition at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, the science representative on GAIN’s board of directors. “Other approaches are valid for other aspects of health but this is the most effective prevention tool.”

Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) is the leading cause of preventable blindness in children, for example, and raises the risk of disease and death from severe infections. Between 100 and 140 million children are vitamin A deficient. Providing adequate vitamin A in areas of deficiency can improve a child’s chances of survival by as much as 25 percent.

Each of the four countries selected today presented detailed proposals to GAIN.

South Africa - GAIN approved South Africa’s proposal for a 3-year $2.8 million grant for delivering fortified foods to 45 million South African consumers in the next 6-18 months -- more than 30 million of whom are at risk of micronutrient deficiency. By fortifying both maize and wheat flour, the South African government and its partners in industry will provide essential vitamins and minerals to all strata of society, both urban and rural. A major factor in the program is the desperate need of South African children, who will, through fortified foods, receive almost half of their Vitamin A requirement, in addition to other essential vitamins and minerals such as iron and zinc.

“The proposal clearly demonstrates the country’s commitment to a national food fortification strategy, through the creation of the multi-stakeholder National Food Fortification Task Group (NFFTG) in 1997,” GAIN said. GAIN also praised the support that the Micronutrient Initiative, UNICEF and the consortium of universities continue to provide to the South African group.

China – GAIN approved two separate programs for China for $3 million each. GAIN approved a proposal aimed at production of soy sauce fortified with iron, which would reach 360 million people by the end of the five-year program. China also agreed to fortify flour in the Western Region of the country, which will reach 49 million people. The flour fortification plan builds on a successful Chinese government salt iodization program in the same region.

Morocco – GAIN is giving a $2.8 million dollar grant to fortify wheat flour, edible oil and milk to reach some 23 million low-income consumers within 18 months. The proposal is based upon work carried out by government, industry, universities and partners such as USAIDMOST, Helen Keller International and the World Health Organization.

In Morocco, several agro-processors have already gone ahead with voluntary food fortification (vegetable oil fortification with vitamins A and D3 and milk fortification with Vitamins A and D), which suggested a strong commitment from agro-industry. Morocco’s universities and research establishments have a strong capacity to undertake baseline and impact studies.

Vietnam - GAIN approved the Vietnam proposal for a 3-year $3 million grant that could help to deliver iron fortified fish sauce to 42 million Vietnamese people at risk of micronutrient deficiencies. “The country’s commitment to control iron deficiency is demonstrated by the 1998 adoption of a strategy to implement Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA) control nationwide,” GAIN said. “The Prime Minister reaffirmed this commitment with the 2001 ratification of Vietnam’s National Nutrition Strategy. The Government has reduced tariffs on the import of vitamin and mineral premix, the mix of nutrients added during processing.”

“We are looking for ‘smart partnerships’ to cut through the red tape,” says Mr. Naidoo. “GAIN is not seeking to reinvent the wheel. Instead, we’ll remain a lean organization that seeks to put its resources into building the capacity for people in the target countries to solve their own problems. We target groups who are at most risk and target basic foods of low-income groups, like bread.”

GAIN is also working with other countries that are on the cusp of embarking on large-scale national fortification programs, or that have already started fortifying, but wish to expand the fortification effort, and include additional vitamins and minerals.

Jordan is an example of a country that began fortification on its own, because of the high rates of iron deficiency anemia, especially among women of childbearing age and children. Jordan now aims at expanding its fortification program.

“The Jordanian Government is working closely with industry to fortify flour, a staple food in Jordan,” says Nicholas Tsikhlakis, a GAIN Board member and an executive at Modern Flour Mills and Macaroni Factories, Amman, Jordan. “The government wants to involve all participants in the process – mills, bakers, public sector –- to make sure that all flour is properly fortified.”

There are no increased production costs for millers, because the vitamin and mineral premix is provided free of charge by the government, while UNICEF and WHO have provided the equipment for adding the micronutrients and have trained the millers in the new technology.

The food fortification program was implemented in May of 2002. Therefore, not enough time has elapsed to see improvements yet.

“But we millers feel as if we are doing something good for the country. It makes us feel good,” adds Mr. Tsikhlakis. “Millers in other countries should consider doing this. The taste of bread hasn’t changed, people are not aware of it, so it has not affected sales.”

GAIN has also been approached by countries in Asia, such as Indonesia, Thailand and the Philippines to assist their effort to design and implement a national fortification program, and is expecting to provide technical assistance for program development to countries as diverse as Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Iran, Zambia, Nigeria, Ivory Coast, Bolivia and the Dominican Republic.

“Our goal is sustainable human development through nutritional status,” says Mr. Naidoo. “The starting block is fortification. That’s a building block to tackling the overall goal of improving nutritional status.”

Juliet Heller | WHO

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Penn study identifies new malaria parasites in wild bonobos
21.11.2017 | University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

nachricht NIST scientists discover how to switch liver cancer cell growth from 2-D to 3-D structures
17.11.2017 | National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Nanoparticles help with malaria diagnosis – new rapid test in development

The WHO reports an estimated 429,000 malaria deaths each year. The disease mostly affects tropical and subtropical regions and in particular the African continent. The Fraunhofer Institute for Silicate Research ISC teamed up with the Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology IME and the Institute of Tropical Medicine at the University of Tübingen for a new test method to detect malaria parasites in blood. The idea of the research project “NanoFRET” is to develop a highly sensitive and reliable rapid diagnostic test so that patient treatment can begin as early as possible.

Malaria is caused by parasites transmitted by mosquito bite. The most dangerous form of malaria is malaria tropica. Left untreated, it is fatal in most cases....

Im Focus: A “cosmic snake” reveals the structure of remote galaxies

The formation of stars in distant galaxies is still largely unexplored. For the first time, astron-omers at the University of Geneva have now been able to closely observe a star system six billion light-years away. In doing so, they are confirming earlier simulations made by the University of Zurich. One special effect is made possible by the multiple reflections of images that run through the cosmos like a snake.

Today, astronomers have a pretty accurate idea of how stars were formed in the recent cosmic past. But do these laws also apply to older galaxies? For around a...

Im Focus: Visual intelligence is not the same as IQ

Just because someone is smart and well-motivated doesn't mean he or she can learn the visual skills needed to excel at tasks like matching fingerprints, interpreting medical X-rays, keeping track of aircraft on radar displays or forensic face matching.

That is the implication of a new study which shows for the first time that there is a broad range of differences in people's visual ability and that these...

Im Focus: Novel Nano-CT device creates high-resolution 3D-X-rays of tiny velvet worm legs

Computer Tomography (CT) is a standard procedure in hospitals, but so far, the technology has not been suitable for imaging extremely small objects. In PNAS, a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) describes a Nano-CT device that creates three-dimensional x-ray images at resolutions up to 100 nanometers. The first test application: Together with colleagues from the University of Kassel and Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht the researchers analyzed the locomotory system of a velvet worm.

During a CT analysis, the object under investigation is x-rayed and a detector measures the respective amount of radiation absorbed from various angles....

Im Focus: Researchers Develop Data Bus for Quantum Computer

The quantum world is fragile; error correction codes are needed to protect the information stored in a quantum object from the deteriorating effects of noise. Quantum physicists in Innsbruck have developed a protocol to pass quantum information between differently encoded building blocks of a future quantum computer, such as processors and memories. Scientists may use this protocol in the future to build a data bus for quantum computers. The researchers have published their work in the journal Nature Communications.

Future quantum computers will be able to solve problems where conventional computers fail today. We are still far away from any large-scale implementation,...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Ecology Across Borders: International conference brings together 1,500 ecologists

15.11.2017 | Event News

Road into laboratory: Users discuss biaxial fatigue-testing for car and truck wheel

15.11.2017 | Event News

#Berlin5GWeek: The right network for Industry 4.0

30.10.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

From Hannover around the world and to the Mars: LZH delivers laser for ExoMars 2020

21.11.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Borophene shines alone as 2-D plasmonic material

21.11.2017 | Materials Sciences

Penn study identifies new malaria parasites in wild bonobos

21.11.2017 | Health and Medicine

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>