Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

New study uses genetic profiling to predict breast cancer patients’

02.06.2003


Researchers at the Breast Care Center at Baylor College of Medicine and The Methodist Hospital have developed a new test to predict which breast cancer tumors will respond to chemotherapy, potentially reducing unnecessary treatment for women with breast cancer, according to data presented at the American Society of Clinical Oncology annual meeting in Chicago.



Using novel DNA array technology, the study identified differences in the gene patterns from tumor samples that predict which patients would respond to treatment with the chemotherapy docetaxel, marketed under the brand name Taxotere by Aventis.

After studying pretreatment biopsies from 24 patients and their genes after treatment, results show that tumors responding to Taxotere show a different pattern than tumors that had not responded to drug therapy. In the study, 88 percent of the genes were correctly classified, said Dr. Jenny Chang, an assistant professor of medicine at Baylor. This study marks the first time microarray technology has been used to study breast cancer tumor response to a chemotherapeutic agent.


"We may have a clinically useful predictive test for chemotherapy sensitivity that may allow us to prioritize breast cancer treatment strategies based on their likelihood of success," said Chang. "This research, if validated, may lead to important advances in the treatment of breast cancer including reducing unnecessary treatment for some women, while optimizing therapy for others."

The team of investigators, led by Chang, studied thousands of genes with new DNA array technology, to find the differences between tumors that responded to Taxotere chemotherapy and those tumors that failed to respond. This finding confirmed that breast cancers are not all alike, and treatment can be tailored to individual tumors.

"We are trying not only to understand the disease, but also how a patient’s tumor may respond to a treatment even before we select a chemotherapy. As opposed to acquired resistance, which builds up with months of therapy, these results show that some women will be resistant to the drug from day one," Chang said. "Once confirmed in a larger study, this type of molecular profiling could have profound clinical applications in defining optimal treatment selection for each individual patient."

Chemotherapy, designed to eliminate cancer cells that have spread, is beneficial in reducing the risk of death in many patients with early breast cancer, but physicians have long had trouble figuring out which patients would benefit from the treatment, she said. As a result, some breast cancer patients needlessly receive chemotherapy after surgery. Chemotherapy can have serious side effects, including nausea, vomiting, hair loss, diarrhea, nerve damage and infections.

Stefanie Asin | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://research.bcm.tmc.edu/

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht 'Living bandages': NUST MISIS scientists develop biocompatible anti-burn nanofibers
16.02.2018 | National University of Science and Technology MISIS

nachricht New process allows tailor-made malaria research
16.02.2018 | Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: In best circles: First integrated circuit from self-assembled polymer

For the first time, a team of researchers at the Max-Planck Institute (MPI) for Polymer Research in Mainz, Germany, has succeeded in making an integrated circuit (IC) from just a monolayer of a semiconducting polymer via a bottom-up, self-assembly approach.

In the self-assembly process, the semiconducting polymer arranges itself into an ordered monolayer in a transistor. The transistors are binary switches used...

Im Focus: Demonstration of a single molecule piezoelectric effect

Breakthrough provides a new concept of the design of molecular motors, sensors and electricity generators at nanoscale

Researchers from the Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry of the CAS (IOCB Prague), Institute of Physics of the CAS (IP CAS) and Palacký University...

Im Focus: Hybrid optics bring color imaging using ultrathin metalenses into focus

For photographers and scientists, lenses are lifesavers. They reflect and refract light, making possible the imaging systems that drive discovery through the microscope and preserve history through cameras.

But today's glass-based lenses are bulky and resist miniaturization. Next-generation technologies, such as ultrathin cameras or tiny microscopes, require...

Im Focus: Stem cell divisions in the adult brain seen for the first time

Scientists from the University of Zurich have succeeded for the first time in tracking individual stem cells and their neuronal progeny over months within the intact adult brain. This study sheds light on how new neurons are produced throughout life.

The generation of new nerve cells was once thought to taper off at the end of embryonic development. However, recent research has shown that the adult brain...

Im Focus: Interference as a new method for cooling quantum devices

Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. Study published in Physical Review Letters

Quantum computer parts are sensitive and need to be cooled to very low temperatures. Their tiny size makes them particularly susceptible to a temperature...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

2nd International Conference on High Temperature Shape Memory Alloys (HTSMAs)

15.02.2018 | Event News

Aachen DC Grid Summit 2018

13.02.2018 | Event News

How Global Climate Policy Can Learn from the Energy Transition

12.02.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

Contacting the molecular world through graphene nanoribbons

19.02.2018 | Materials Sciences

When Proteins Shake Hands

19.02.2018 | Materials Sciences

Cells communicate in a dynamic code

19.02.2018 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>