Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Defect of cilia-assembly protein could cause most common genetic cause of kidney failure

01.04.2003


A protein responsible for the assembly of cell cilia – the hair-like projections from cells – may cause polycystic kidney disease, the most common genetic cause of kidney failure, according to a new study at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas.



The study, which will be published online this week and will appear in a future edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, is the first to directly test the role of cilia in polycystic kidney disease. Previous studies have hinted at a possible link, said Dr. Peter Igarashi, chief of nephrology at UT Southwestern and senior author of the study.

"For a long time, renal cilia have been thought to be unimportant organelles," said Igarashi. "This study and others before it have renewed the interest in what cilia are doing normally and also how abnormalities in cilia cause disease."


Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) afflicts about one in every 500 people and causes fluid-filled cysts to accumulate in the kidney, liver and other organs. Formation of the cysts causes progressive renal failure, which requires dialysis or kidney transplantation. No other effective treatment is available.

To test whether stopping cilia formation causes PKD, researchers created knockout mice missing the gene Kif3, specifically in the kidneys. That gene codes for a motor protein that’s critical in cilia formation and maintenance. Researchers created kidney-specific knockouts because cilia are essential for embryonic development.

The knockout mice had normal kidneys at birth, but researchers found that kidney cysts began to develop about five days later and caused renal failure after about three weeks. Dissection by day 35 showed enlarged kidneys with multiple, fluid-filled cysts that had characteristics similar to cysts found in PKD.

"We are trying to understand the mechanism of cyst formation," said Dr. Fangming Lin, assistant professor of pediatrics and lead author of the study. "Once you understand the mechanism we will have the target to prevent or slow the cyst formation.

"That could eventually lead to a treatment of human polycystic disease."

Other UT Southwestern researchers who worked on the study were Dr. Thomas Hiesberger, assistant professor of internal medicine, and Kimberly Cordes, research assistant. Researchers from Yale University School of Medicine and the University of California, San Diego, School of Medicine also contributed to the study, which was funded by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.


###
To automatically receive news releases from UT Southwestern via e-mail, subscribe at http://lists.utsouthwestern.edu/mailman/listinfo/utswnews


Staishy Bostick Siem | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.swmed.edu/

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Custom-tailored strategy against glioblastomas
26.09.2016 | Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn

nachricht New leukemia treatment offers hope
23.09.2016 | King Abdullah University of Science and Technology

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: New welding process joins dissimilar sheets better

Friction stir welding is a still-young and thus often unfamiliar pressure welding process for joining flat components and semi-finished components made of light metals.
Scientists at the University of Stuttgart have now developed two new process variants that will considerably expand the areas of application for friction stir welding.
Technologie-Lizenz-Büro (TLB) GmbH supports the University of Stuttgart in patenting and marketing its innovations.

Friction stir welding is a still-young and thus often unfamiliar pressure welding process for joining flat components and semi-finished components made of...

Im Focus: First quantum photonic circuit with electrically driven light source

Optical quantum computers can revolutionize computer technology. A team of researchers led by scientists from Münster University and KIT now succeeded in putting a quantum optical experimental set-up onto a chip. In doing so, they have met one of the requirements for making it possible to use photonic circuits for optical quantum computers.

Optical quantum computers are what people are pinning their hopes on for tomorrow’s computer technology – whether for tap-proof data encryption, ultrafast...

Im Focus: OLED microdisplays in data glasses for improved human-machine interaction

The Fraunhofer Institute for Organic Electronics, Electron Beam and Plasma Technology FEP has been developing various applications for OLED microdisplays based on organic semiconductors. By integrating the capabilities of an image sensor directly into the microdisplay, eye movements can be recorded by the smart glasses and utilized for guidance and control functions, as one example. The new design will be debuted at Augmented World Expo Europe (AWE) in Berlin at Booth B25, October 18th – 19th.

“Augmented-reality” and “wearables” have become terms we encounter almost daily. Both can make daily life a little simpler and provide valuable assistance for...

Im Focus: Artificial Intelligence Helps in the Discovery of New Materials

With the help of artificial intelligence, chemists from the University of Basel in Switzerland have computed the characteristics of about two million crystals made up of four chemical elements. The researchers were able to identify 90 previously unknown thermodynamically stable crystals that can be regarded as new materials. They report on their findings in the scientific journal Physical Review Letters.

Elpasolite is a glassy, transparent, shiny and soft mineral with a cubic crystal structure. First discovered in El Paso County (Colorado, USA), it can also be...

Im Focus: Complex hardmetal tools out of the 3D printer

For the first time, Fraunhofer IKTS shows additively manufactured hardmetal tools at WorldPM 2016 in Hamburg. Mechanical, chemical as well as a high heat resistance and extreme hardness are required from tools that are used in mechanical and automotive engineering or in plastics and building materials industry. Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Ceramic Technologies and Systems IKTS in Dresden managed the production of complex hardmetal tools via 3D printing in a quality that are in no way inferior to conventionally produced high-performance tools.

Fraunhofer IKTS counts decades of proven expertise in the development of hardmetals. To date, reliable cutting, drilling, pressing and stamping tools made of...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

HLF: From an experiment to an establishment

29.09.2016 | Event News

European Health Forum Gastein 2016 kicks off today

28.09.2016 | Event News

Laser use for neurosurgery and biofabrication - LaserForum 2016 focuses on medical technology

27.09.2016 | Event News

 
Latest News

New Multiferroic Materials from Building Blocks

29.09.2016 | Materials Sciences

Silicon Fluorescent Material Developed Enabling Observations under a Bright “Biological Optical Window”

29.09.2016 | Materials Sciences

X-shape Bio-inspired Structures

29.09.2016 | Interdisciplinary Research

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>