Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Combination of HIV/malaria increases complications during pregnancy

24.10.2002


Women with a combined HIV/malaria infection more frequently experience complications during pregnancy than healthy women. This is revealed in research from Kenya. However, to their surprise the researchers established that HIV-infected mothers with a mild malaria infection less frequently transmit the HIV infection to their children than HIV-infected mothers without malaria.



In Kenya, the epidemiologists Annemieke van Eijk and John Ayisi investigated the interaction between HIV and malaria as well as the effect of both infections on mother and child during and after the pregnancy. The research revealed that pregnant women have a greater chance of developing malaria. This chance is even greater if the woman is pregnant for the first time. Also women younger than 20 years and women with an HIV infection are more susceptible to malaria.

Women with the combination HIV/malaria turned out to have a greater chance of developing anaemia during pregnancy and after childbirth. Their children also developed anaemia more often. If the child has HIV, the chance of it developing anaemia is greater. If the child has both HIV and malaria, anaemia develops even more frequently.


Surprisingly it turned out that HIV-infected mothers with malaria transmitted the HIV infection to their children less frequently than mothers without malaria. However, in such cases the mother must have a mild malaria infection and not a severe form. Unfortunately it is still not possible to accurately predict whether a mild malaria infection will remain mild or develop into the severe form.

The researchers argue that many complications can be prevented in Kenya, as the majority of pregnant women attend at least one pregnancy check-up. During the check-up the midwife could take action, for example, by prescribing malaria medication or providing advice about special mosquito nets. If HIV is detected during the check-up, the physician or midwife can provide special medicines for this.

Further information can be obtained from Dr Annemieke van Eijk and Dr John Ayisi (Kenya Medical Research Institute, Centre of Disease Control), tel. +254 35 22983 and + 254 35 22929, fax +254 35 22981, e-mail avaneijk@kisian.mimcom.net and jayisi@kisian.mimcom.net. The doctoral thesis was defended on 15 October 2002. Dr Van Eijk`s and Dr Ayisi`s supervisor was Prof. P.A. Kager (University of Amsterdam and the Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam).

Michel Philippens | alfa
Further information:
http://www.nwo.nl

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Nanoparticles as a Solution against Antibiotic Resistance?
15.12.2017 | Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena

nachricht Plasmonic biosensors enable development of new easy-to-use health tests
14.12.2017 | Aalto University

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: First-of-its-kind chemical oscillator offers new level of molecular control

DNA molecules that follow specific instructions could offer more precise molecular control of synthetic chemical systems, a discovery that opens the door for engineers to create molecular machines with new and complex behaviors.

Researchers have created chemical amplifiers and a chemical oscillator using a systematic method that has the potential to embed sophisticated circuit...

Im Focus: Long-lived storage of a photonic qubit for worldwide teleportation

MPQ scientists achieve long storage times for photonic quantum bits which break the lower bound for direct teleportation in a global quantum network.

Concerning the development of quantum memories for the realization of global quantum networks, scientists of the Quantum Dynamics Division led by Professor...

Im Focus: Electromagnetic water cloak eliminates drag and wake

Detailed calculations show water cloaks are feasible with today's technology

Researchers have developed a water cloaking concept based on electromagnetic forces that could eliminate an object's wake, greatly reducing its drag while...

Im Focus: Scientists channel graphene to understand filtration and ion transport into cells

Tiny pores at a cell's entryway act as miniature bouncers, letting in some electrically charged atoms--ions--but blocking others. Operating as exquisitely sensitive filters, these "ion channels" play a critical role in biological functions such as muscle contraction and the firing of brain cells.

To rapidly transport the right ions through the cell membrane, the tiny channels rely on a complex interplay between the ions and surrounding molecules,...

Im Focus: Towards data storage at the single molecule level

The miniaturization of the current technology of storage media is hindered by fundamental limits of quantum mechanics. A new approach consists in using so-called spin-crossover molecules as the smallest possible storage unit. Similar to normal hard drives, these special molecules can save information via their magnetic state. A research team from Kiel University has now managed to successfully place a new class of spin-crossover molecules onto a surface and to improve the molecule’s storage capacity. The storage density of conventional hard drives could therefore theoretically be increased by more than one hundred fold. The study has been published in the scientific journal Nano Letters.

Over the past few years, the building blocks of storage media have gotten ever smaller. But further miniaturization of the current technology is hindered by...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

See, understand and experience the work of the future

11.12.2017 | Event News

Innovative strategies to tackle parasitic worms

08.12.2017 | Event News

AKL’18: The opportunities and challenges of digitalization in the laser industry

07.12.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Engineers program tiny robots to move, think like insects

15.12.2017 | Power and Electrical Engineering

One in 5 materials chemistry papers may be wrong, study suggests

15.12.2017 | Materials Sciences

New antbird species discovered in Peru by LSU ornithologists

15.12.2017 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>