Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:


Combination of HIV/malaria increases complications during pregnancy


Women with a combined HIV/malaria infection more frequently experience complications during pregnancy than healthy women. This is revealed in research from Kenya. However, to their surprise the researchers established that HIV-infected mothers with a mild malaria infection less frequently transmit the HIV infection to their children than HIV-infected mothers without malaria.

In Kenya, the epidemiologists Annemieke van Eijk and John Ayisi investigated the interaction between HIV and malaria as well as the effect of both infections on mother and child during and after the pregnancy. The research revealed that pregnant women have a greater chance of developing malaria. This chance is even greater if the woman is pregnant for the first time. Also women younger than 20 years and women with an HIV infection are more susceptible to malaria.

Women with the combination HIV/malaria turned out to have a greater chance of developing anaemia during pregnancy and after childbirth. Their children also developed anaemia more often. If the child has HIV, the chance of it developing anaemia is greater. If the child has both HIV and malaria, anaemia develops even more frequently.

Surprisingly it turned out that HIV-infected mothers with malaria transmitted the HIV infection to their children less frequently than mothers without malaria. However, in such cases the mother must have a mild malaria infection and not a severe form. Unfortunately it is still not possible to accurately predict whether a mild malaria infection will remain mild or develop into the severe form.

The researchers argue that many complications can be prevented in Kenya, as the majority of pregnant women attend at least one pregnancy check-up. During the check-up the midwife could take action, for example, by prescribing malaria medication or providing advice about special mosquito nets. If HIV is detected during the check-up, the physician or midwife can provide special medicines for this.

Further information can be obtained from Dr Annemieke van Eijk and Dr John Ayisi (Kenya Medical Research Institute, Centre of Disease Control), tel. +254 35 22983 and + 254 35 22929, fax +254 35 22981, e-mail and The doctoral thesis was defended on 15 October 2002. Dr Van Eijk`s and Dr Ayisi`s supervisor was Prof. P.A. Kager (University of Amsterdam and the Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam).

Michel Philippens | alfa
Further information:

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht NIH scientists describe potential antibody treatment for multidrug-resistant K. pneumoniae
14.03.2018 | NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

nachricht Researchers identify key step in viral replication
13.03.2018 | University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Locomotion control with photopigments

Researchers from Göttingen University discover additional function of opsins

Animal photoreceptors capture light with photopigments. Researchers from the University of Göttingen have now discovered that these photopigments fulfill an...

Im Focus: Surveying the Arctic: Tracking down carbon particles

Researchers embark on aerial campaign over Northeast Greenland

On 15 March, the AWI research aeroplane Polar 5 will depart for Greenland. Concentrating on the furthest northeast region of the island, an international team...

Im Focus: Unique Insights into the Antarctic Ice Shelf System

Data collected on ocean-ice interactions in the little-researched regions of the far south

The world’s second-largest ice shelf was the destination for a Polarstern expedition that ended in Punta Arenas, Chile on 14th March 2018. Oceanographers from...

Im Focus: ILA 2018: Laser alternative to hexavalent chromium coating

At the 2018 ILA Berlin Air Show from April 25–29, the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT is showcasing extreme high-speed Laser Material Deposition (EHLA): A video documents how for metal components that are highly loaded, EHLA has already proved itself as an alternative to hard chrome plating, which is now allowed only under special conditions.

When the EU restricted the use of hexavalent chromium compounds to special applications requiring authorization, the move prompted a rethink in the surface...

Im Focus: Radar for navigation support from autonomous flying drones

At the ILA Berlin, hall 4, booth 202, Fraunhofer FHR will present two radar sensors for navigation support of drones. The sensors are valuable components in the implementation of autonomous flying drones: they function as obstacle detectors to prevent collisions. Radar sensors also operate reliably in restricted visibility, e.g. in foggy or dusty conditions. Due to their ability to measure distances with high precision, the radar sensors can also be used as altimeters when other sources of information such as barometers or GPS are not available or cannot operate optimally.

Drones play an increasingly important role in the area of logistics and services. Well-known logistic companies place great hope in these compact, aerial...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>



Industry & Economy
Event News

Ultrafast Wireless and Chip Design at the DATE Conference in Dresden

16.03.2018 | Event News

International Tinnitus Conference of the Tinnitus Research Initiative in Regensburg

13.03.2018 | Event News

International Virtual Reality Conference “IEEE VR 2018” comes to Reutlingen, Germany

08.03.2018 | Event News

Latest News

Wandering greenhouse gas

16.03.2018 | Earth Sciences

'Frequency combs' ID chemicals within the mid-infrared spectral region

16.03.2018 | Physics and Astronomy

Biologists unravel another mystery of what makes DNA go 'loopy'

16.03.2018 | Life Sciences

Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>