Milk is an essential source of minerals, vitamins, energy, and protein in children. The reasons young children avoid drinking cow milk include lactose intolerance or a parents lifestyle choice. A recent study published by Black et al. in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition compared New Zealand children who were long-term "milk avoiders" with children who habitually drank milk, by evaluating the daily calcium intake, bone mineral content, bone size, stature, and skeletal size of both groups. Children who were milk avoiders had significantly worse bone health and shorter stature than children who drank milk.
The 50 non-milk-drinking children were all white, averaged 6 years of age, had typically begun to avoid milk soon after the age of 1, and had not consumed milk for an average of 73% of their entire their lives. Their daily dietary calcium intakes, bone mineral density, skeletal size, and stature were compared with a control group of 200 white children who were habitual milk drinkers. Although all of the milk-avoiding children were apparently healthy, 15, or 30% were overweight or obese. Milk-avoiding children were significantly shorter in stature, had smaller bones and a lower total-body bone mineral content than the control group. Only 4 of the milk avoiders had adequate intakes of calcium, and ten forearm fractures were reported, for an annual incidence of 3.5% rather than the expected 1%.
Only half of the milk-avoiders reported having experienced any unpleasant physical symptoms from milk consumption, and 78% had a family member who also avoided cow milk. Many avoided milk because they disliked the taste or because family members chose not to offer it to them, rather than because of physical symptoms. The increased rate of overweight or obesity in children who avoided milk was considered to be due to the substitution of more calorie-rich fluids such as carbonated drinks or fruit juices.
Elizabeth Horowitz | EurekAlert!
Study suggests possible new target for treating and preventing Alzheimer's
02.12.2016 | Oregon Health & Science University
The first analysis of Ewing's sarcoma methyloma opens doors to new treatments
01.12.2016 | IDIBELL-Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute
Have you ever wondered how you see the world? Vision is about photons of light, which are packets of energy, interacting with the atoms or molecules in what...
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.
The “MADMAX” project is the MPP’s commitment to axion research. Axions are so far only a theoretical prediction and are difficult to detect: on the one hand,...
Broadband rotational spectroscopy unravels structural reshaping of isolated molecules in the gas phase to accommodate water
In two recent publications in the Journal of Chemical Physics and in the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, researchers around Melanie Schnell from the Max...
16.11.2016 | Event News
01.11.2016 | Event News
14.10.2016 | Event News
05.12.2016 | Power and Electrical Engineering
05.12.2016 | Materials Sciences
05.12.2016 | Power and Electrical Engineering