Two articles in the latest issue of Critical Care reveal how intensive care therapy may be beneficial in the short but not in the long term. Being treated in intensive care units may help critically ill patients survive but the quality of life - if they survive - is often severely impaired. It is unclear whether this impairment is a complication of the illness or a complication of therapy.
Many intensive care doctors believe the battle has been won once a patient leaves the intensive care unit, however Gordon Rubenfeld from the University of Washington in Seattle suggests that it is important to focus intensive care treatment on improving the long-term health of those who survive. Rubenfeld shows that doctors may face a conflict in deciding on treatments that are best at saving lives and those that give the best quality of life to those patients who survive. He stresses that more research is needed to make these decisions with confidence.
An example of research into how well or badly patients fare after they have left the intensive care unit is the study by Dale Rublee and colleagues. It examines the long-term effects of treating patients with sepsis with the drug antithrombin III. Antithrombin III affects the blood`s clotting mechanism and is a potential treatment for sepsis, a critical condition characterised by a combination of problems with the clotting mechanism and an inflammation throughout the body, which can lead to multiple organ failure and death.
Gordon Fletcher | alfa
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The formation of stars in distant galaxies is still largely unexplored. For the first time, astron-omers at the University of Geneva have now been able to closely observe a star system six billion light-years away. In doing so, they are confirming earlier simulations made by the University of Zurich. One special effect is made possible by the multiple reflections of images that run through the cosmos like a snake.
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Computer Tomography (CT) is a standard procedure in hospitals, but so far, the technology has not been suitable for imaging extremely small objects. In PNAS, a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) describes a Nano-CT device that creates three-dimensional x-ray images at resolutions up to 100 nanometers. The first test application: Together with colleagues from the University of Kassel and Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht the researchers analyzed the locomotory system of a velvet worm.
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The quantum world is fragile; error correction codes are needed to protect the information stored in a quantum object from the deteriorating effects of noise. Quantum physicists in Innsbruck have developed a protocol to pass quantum information between differently encoded building blocks of a future quantum computer, such as processors and memories. Scientists may use this protocol in the future to build a data bus for quantum computers. The researchers have published their work in the journal Nature Communications.
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17.11.2017 | Studies and Analyses