The findings from a research study supported by a grant from the Pharmacy Practice Research Trust (the Trust) highlight key areas where communication problems occur. These occurred between patients and healthcare professionals; different groups of healthcare professionals such as GPs and pharmacists; and GPs and hospital doctors. The research also found that the root causes of preventable adverse events leading to hospital admission are similar irrespective of whether they are associated with a prescribing, monitoring or patient adherence problem.
Amongst the communication problems identified in the community based study led by Rachel Howard from the School of Pharmacy, University of Reading, UK was insufficient patient counselling about their medicines, the reluctance of patients to ask health professionals about their medicines and an assumption by some community pharmacists that the patient would have received some medicines counselling from their GP. Some patients couldn’t recall the information they’d been given or had difficulty in hearing what was said.
The research also highlighted problems encountered in accessing complex and up to date patient medical and medication records. This affected both GPs working out of hours and community pharmacists contributing to a knowledge gap which in turn led to prescribing and monitoring errors.
“The causes of PDRAs are multifaceted” concluded Rachel Howard. “Technical solutions such as computerised assisted prescribing and the NHS patient care record are unlikely to be sufficient on their own to improve the situation and community pharmacists are hampered by their lack of access to the patient’s medical record. Targeting the human causes, like improving methods of communication, is also necessary.”
In a Foreword to a Trust report of the study, Margaret Dangoor, Executive Director, Association of Litigation and Risk Management writes, “This report makes a valuable contribution to the knowledge base on patient safety and more specifically on preventable medication errors. It’s notable for its setting in primary care, an area that is under researched in terms of medication error and although it includes a relatively small number of incidents, there are lessons to be learnt.”
“The recently published White Paper on Pharmacy in England recommended that chief pharmacists take the lead role in working to reduce unintended hospital admissions related to medicines” said Dr Sue Ambler, Director of the Trust, “and this study is well placed to contribute to this but more studies in the community are needed to identify strategies to help overcome these problems and improve patient outcomes.”
Team discovers how bacteria exploit a chink in the body's armor
20.01.2017 | University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Rabies viruses reveal wiring in transparent brains
19.01.2017 | Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn
An important step towards a completely new experimental access to quantum physics has been made at University of Konstanz. The team of scientists headed by...
Yersiniae cause severe intestinal infections. Studies using Yersinia pseudotuberculosis as a model organism aim to elucidate the infection mechanisms of these...
Researchers from the University of Hamburg in Germany, in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Aarhus in Denmark, have synthesized a new superconducting material by growing a few layers of an antiferromagnetic transition-metal chalcogenide on a bismuth-based topological insulator, both being non-superconducting materials.
While superconductivity and magnetism are generally believed to be mutually exclusive, surprisingly, in this new material, superconducting correlations...
Laser-driving of semimetals allows creating novel quasiparticle states within condensed matter systems and switching between different states on ultrafast time scales
Studying properties of fundamental particles in condensed matter systems is a promising approach to quantum field theory. Quasiparticles offer the opportunity...
Among the general public, solar thermal energy is currently associated with dark blue, rectangular collectors on building roofs. Technologies are needed for aesthetically high quality architecture which offer the architect more room for manoeuvre when it comes to low- and plus-energy buildings. With the “ArKol” project, researchers at Fraunhofer ISE together with partners are currently developing two façade collectors for solar thermal energy generation, which permit a high degree of design flexibility: a strip collector for opaque façade sections and a solar thermal blind for transparent sections. The current state of the two developments will be presented at the BAU 2017 trade fair.
As part of the “ArKol – development of architecturally highly integrated façade collectors with heat pipes” project, Fraunhofer ISE together with its partners...
19.01.2017 | Event News
10.01.2017 | Event News
09.01.2017 | Event News
20.01.2017 | Awards Funding
20.01.2017 | Materials Sciences
20.01.2017 | Life Sciences