New mouthguard for detection and treatment of bruxism
Researchers from the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid are working on the development of a mouthguard prototype for the evaluation and diagnosis of bruxism and its characteristic gnashing of teeth.
Bruxism is a parafunctional activity caused by the excessive activation of a reflex chewing action during sleep, with the effect of grinding teeth or clenching the jaw. It causes premature wear of the teeth along with a noise that can be loud enough to disturb the sleep of some one sharing the bedroom.
The constant and prolonged tension on the jaw can cause headaches, earaches, damage to muscles, teeth, and circumjacent tissues, or structures like the mandibular articulations. All of these symptoms are encompassed under the umbrella term Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJD). Bruxism, affecting around 25% to 30% of the population, and being more frequent in children, is a subject of great interest at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid where a research team is currently working with real patients on the design, development, manufacture, fine-tuning and testing of prototype mouth guards filled with sensors to detect and treat bruxism.
The research team is formed of participating engineering specialists from the Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros Industriales, the Escuela Universitaria de Ingeniería Técnica Industrial, and the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, all working in collaboration with the company “Ibex Estética Dental”.
Wireless transmission to alert the patient
The mouth guard device works by transmitting a wireless signal to portable electronic devices capable of collecting frequency, duration and intensity data of the events for further qualitative and quantitative diagnosing of the patient, as well as alerting them of their behaviour when required, so they are aware and able to stop the prejudicial bruxism.
Once the project is finalised, the mouthguard will be used mainly therapeutically to eliminate bruxism along with the symptoms it causes, including dental deterioration, muscle pains and headaches. The researchers intend to use the data collated not only for diagnostic purposes, but also as evaluation aids for a patient’s response to treatment and their evolution.
Ciencia y Sociedad | alfa
The most recent press releases about innovation >>>
Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:
In just a few weeks from now, the Chinese space station Tiangong-1 will re-enter the Earth's atmosphere where it will to a large extent burn up. It is possible that some debris will reach the Earth's surface. Tiangong-1 is orbiting the Earth uncontrolled at a speed of approx. 29,000 km/h.Currently the prognosis relating to the time of impact currently lies within a window of several days. The scientists at Fraunhofer FHR have already been monitoring Tiangong-1 for a number of weeks with their TIRA system, one of the most powerful space observation radars in the world, with a view to supporting the German Space Situational Awareness Center and the ESA with their re-entry forecasts.
Following the loss of radio contact with Tiangong-1 in 2016 and due to the low orbital height, it is now inevitable that the Chinese space station will...
Fraunhofer Institute for Organic Electronics, Electron Beam and Plasma Technology FEP, provider of research and development services for OLED lighting solutions, announces the founding of the “OLED Licht Forum” and presents latest OLED design and lighting solutions during light+building, from March 18th – 23rd, 2018 in Frankfurt a.M./Germany, at booth no. F91 in Hall 4.0.
They are united in their passion for OLED (organic light emitting diodes) lighting with all of its unique facets and application possibilities. Thus experts in...
Oceans formed before Tharsis and evolved together, shaping climate history of Mars
A new scenario seeking to explain how Mars' putative oceans came and went over the last 4 billion years implies that the oceans formed several hundred million...
For the first time, an interdisciplinary team from the University of Basel has succeeded in integrating artificial organelles into the cells of live zebrafish embryos. This innovative approach using artificial organelles as cellular implants offers new potential in treating a range of diseases, as the authors report in an article published in Nature Communications.
In the cells of higher organisms, organelles such as the nucleus or mitochondria perform a range of complex functions necessary for life. In the networks of...
Researchers from Göttingen University discover additional function of opsins
Animal photoreceptors capture light with photopigments. Researchers from the University of Göttingen have now discovered that these photopigments fulfill an...