Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Radiofreqeuncy ablation and complete endoscopic resection equally effective for dysplastic Barrett's esophagus

22.05.2014

According to a new systematic review article, radiofrequency ablation and complete endoscopic resection are equally effective in the short-term treatment of dysplastic Barrett's esophagus, but adverse event rates are higher with complete endoscopic resection. The article comparing the two treatments appears in the May issue of GIE: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, the monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal of the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE).

Barrett's esophagus is a condition in which the lining of the esophagus changes and becomes more like the lining of the small intestine. It is believed that Barrett's esophagus (BE) occurs because of chronic inflammation resulting from long-standing Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD). Barrett's esophagus is more common in Caucasian males older than the age of 50 who have had GERD for greater than five years.

Most patients with Barrett's esophagus will not develop cancer. However, in some patients further precancerous change in the tissue, called dysplasia, will develop. Those patients that develop dysplasia, especially high grade dysplasia, are significantly more likely to develop esophageal cancer.

Esophagectomy (surgery to remove part or all of the esophagus) has previously been the recommended treatment for BE with high grade dysplasia (HGD) or intramucosal cancer (cancer limited to the most superficial layer of the esophagus), but this surgery is associated with significant morbidity and mortality.

... more about:
»Gastrointestinal »dysplasia »mucosa »surgery

As a result, endoscopic therapies for treatment of HGD or superficial cancers have been developed which minimize treatment-related morbidity. Ideally, endoscopic treatments need to target the entire segment of Barrett's mucosa (lining of the esophagus) in order to maximally reduce the risk of developing esophageal cancer.

To date, two distinct endoscopic approaches have been widely used for this purpose. The first is complete endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) where the BE mucosa is resected or removed endoscopically. This has the advantage of providing a large histologic specimen, which can then be evaluated for unrecognized, more advanced pathology, and may be curative. The other approach is ablation of the BE mucosa by using a variety of techniques such as photodynamic therapy, argon plasma coagulation (APC), and more recently, radiofrequency ablation (RFA).

RFA uses a focal heat process to destroy the Barrett's tissue. In recent years, RFA has become the ablative treatment of choice in the management of dysplastic BE, with early studies suggesting excellent efficacy and low rates of adverse events.

"Only one trial to date has directly compared complete EMR and RFA in treating dysplastic BE. The aim of this systematic review was to compare the efficacy and safety of these two techniques. This is important because RFA is substantially more expensive than complete EMR and may require multiple procedures over six months or more, making it less acceptable to patients.

Therefore, in order to justify the use of RFA in the future it must be convincingly proven to be superior to complete EMR, in terms of both efficacy and risk of adverse events," said study lead author Georgina Chadwick, MRCP, The Royal College of Surgeons of England. "We found that RFA and complete EMR are equally effective in the short-term treatment of dysplastic BE, but adverse event rates are higher with complete EMR."

Methods

This article was a systematic review of literature to compare the efficacy and safety of complete EMR and radiofrequency ablation in the treatment of dysplastic BE. Patients had a diagnosis of BE with HGD or intramucosal cancer treated with either complete EMR or RFA. Main outcome measurements included complete eradication of dysplasia and intestinal metaplasia at the end of treatment and after more than 12 months' follow-up, as well as short and long-term adverse event rates associated with either treatment.

Results

A total of 22 studies met the inclusion criteria. Only one trial directly compared the two techniques; most studies were observational case series. Dysplasia was effectively eradicated at the end of treatment in 95 percent of patients after complete EMR and 92 percent after RFA. After a median follow-up of 23 months for complete EMR and 21 months for RFA, eradication of dysplasia was maintained in 95 percent of patients treated with complete EMR and 94 percent of patients treated with RFA. Short-term adverse events were seen in 12 percent of patients treated with complete EMR, but in only 2.5 percent of those treated with RFA. Esophageal strictures were long-term adverse events in 38 percent of patients treated with complete EMR, compared with 4 percent of those treated with RFA. Progression to cancer appeared to be rare after either treatment, although follow-up was short.

The authors concluded that both complete EMR and RFA have proven efficacy in eradication of BE with HGD or intramucosal cancer, but both short and long-term adverse events are significantly greater after complete EMR. The results of this review suggest that RFA, with prior resection of any nodules, is the endoscopic treatment of choice for dysplastic BE. But further research needs to be done to prove the long-term durability of both treatments in order to confirm their superiority over surgery in the management of dysplastic BE. Though low, the risk of recurrence of dysplasia and intestinal metaplasia after treatment reiterates the need for continuing endoscopic surveillance. Further research needs to determine the optimal surveillance regimen after successful eradication.

###

About the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy

Since its founding in 1941, the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) has been dedicated to advancing patient care and digestive health by promoting excellence and innovation in gastrointestinal endoscopy. ASGE, with more than 12,000 members worldwide, promotes the highest standards for endoscopic training and practice, fosters endoscopic research, recognizes distinguished contributions to endoscopy, and is the foremost resource for endoscopic education. Visit http://www.asge.org and http://www.screen4coloncancer.org for more information and to find a qualified doctor in your area.

About Endoscopy

Endoscopy is performed by specially-trained physicians called endoscopists using the most current technology to diagnose and treat diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Using flexible, thin tubes called endoscopes, endoscopists are able to access the human digestive tract without incisions via natural orifices. Endoscopes are designed with high-intensity lighting and fitted with precision devices that allow viewing and treatment of the gastrointestinal system.

Anne Brownsey | Eurek Alert!

Further reports about: Gastrointestinal dysplasia mucosa surgery

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Study suggests possible new target for treating and preventing Alzheimer's
02.12.2016 | Oregon Health & Science University

nachricht The first analysis of Ewing's sarcoma methyloma opens doors to new treatments
01.12.2016 | IDIBELL-Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Novel silicon etching technique crafts 3-D gradient refractive index micro-optics

A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.

Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...

Im Focus: Quantum Particles Form Droplets

In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.

“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...

Im Focus: MADMAX: Max Planck Institute for Physics takes up axion research

The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.

The “MADMAX” project is the MPP’s commitment to axion research. Axions are so far only a theoretical prediction and are difficult to detect: on the one hand,...

Im Focus: Molecules change shape when wet

Broadband rotational spectroscopy unravels structural reshaping of isolated molecules in the gas phase to accommodate water

In two recent publications in the Journal of Chemical Physics and in the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, researchers around Melanie Schnell from the Max...

Im Focus: Fraunhofer ISE Develops Highly Compact, High Frequency DC/DC Converter for Aviation

The efficiency of power electronic systems is not solely dependent on electrical efficiency but also on weight, for example, in mobile systems. When the weight of relevant components and devices in airplanes, for instance, is reduced, fuel savings can be achieved and correspondingly greenhouse gas emissions decreased. New materials and components based on gallium nitride (GaN) can help to reduce weight and increase the efficiency. With these new materials, power electronic switches can be operated at higher switching frequency, resulting in higher power density and lower material costs.

Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE together with partners have investigated how these materials can be used to make power...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

ICTM Conference 2017: Production technology for turbomachine manufacturing of the future

16.11.2016 | Event News

Innovation Day Laser Technology – Laser Additive Manufacturing

01.11.2016 | Event News

#IC2S2: When Social Science meets Computer Science - GESIS will host the IC2S2 conference 2017

14.10.2016 | Event News

 
Latest News

UTSA study describes new minimally invasive device to treat cancer and other illnesses

02.12.2016 | Medical Engineering

Plasma-zapping process could yield trans fat-free soybean oil product

02.12.2016 | Agricultural and Forestry Science

What do Netflix, Google and planetary systems have in common?

02.12.2016 | Physics and Astronomy

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>