Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Parental effort vital in preventing teenage smoking

06.03.2009
Parents can help their teenagers to abstain from tobacco. Researchers at Umeå University in Sweden have found that adolescents in the past 20 years have become more positive to their parents' attempts to discourage smoking.

The study is based on data from three national surveys made by the National Board of Health and Welfare in 1987, Swedish National Institute of Public Health in 1994, and Umeå University in 2003.

The questions focused on attitudes, beliefs and tobacco use among teenagers across Sweden. A total of 13,500 young people aged 13, 15 and 17 years were surveyed. The main finding is that teenagers today are more sympathetic to their parents' attempts to prevent them from smoking - whether young people smoke or not.

The most effective actions that parents can do in this context is to discourage smoking and to try to persuade young people to fail, not to smoke themselves, and not to allow their children to smoke at home.

Young teenagers were generally more positive about these types of intervention than older teenagers.

The proportion of smokers among the respondents was 8% in 1987 and 1994, but decreased to half in the 2003 survey. This decrease is attributed to several factors, including changes in legislation against tobacco use and the decreased social tolerance towards smoking.

The use of snus, a type of moist snuff, remained relatively constant in the three study sessions. Fewer teenagers believed their parents would be concerned about their snus use, probably reflecting a public perception that snus is less of a health risk than smoking.

Not surprisingly, it appeared that older adolescents were more like to smoke or use snus than younger children.

The head of the study, published in the open access journal BMC Public Health, is Maria Nilsson, doctoral student at the Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine.

Co-authors are Lars Weinehall, Erik Bergström, Hans Stenlund and Urban Janlert the same unit, Epidemiology and Public Health Sciences.

"The fact that adolescents respond positively to parental attitudes to smoking is encouraging," says Maria Nilsson. The findings are contrary to suggestions that adolescents resent interventions by their parents to discourage them from smoking.

For more information, contact:
Maria Nilsson, Department for Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University; +46- 90 785 33 43; maria.nilsson@vll.se

Pressofficer Hans Fällman; +46-70 691 28 29;hans.fallman@adm.umu.se

Reference:
M Nilsson, L Weinehall, E Bergström, H Stenlund, U Janlert: "Adolescent's perceptions and expectations of parental action on children's smoking and snuff use; national cross sectional data from three decades', BMC Public Health.

Hans Fällman | idw
Further information:
http://www.vr.se

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht Penn study identifies new malaria parasites in wild bonobos
21.11.2017 | University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

nachricht NIST scientists discover how to switch liver cancer cell growth from 2-D to 3-D structures
17.11.2017 | National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Nanoparticles help with malaria diagnosis – new rapid test in development

The WHO reports an estimated 429,000 malaria deaths each year. The disease mostly affects tropical and subtropical regions and in particular the African continent. The Fraunhofer Institute for Silicate Research ISC teamed up with the Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology IME and the Institute of Tropical Medicine at the University of Tübingen for a new test method to detect malaria parasites in blood. The idea of the research project “NanoFRET” is to develop a highly sensitive and reliable rapid diagnostic test so that patient treatment can begin as early as possible.

Malaria is caused by parasites transmitted by mosquito bite. The most dangerous form of malaria is malaria tropica. Left untreated, it is fatal in most cases....

Im Focus: A “cosmic snake” reveals the structure of remote galaxies

The formation of stars in distant galaxies is still largely unexplored. For the first time, astron-omers at the University of Geneva have now been able to closely observe a star system six billion light-years away. In doing so, they are confirming earlier simulations made by the University of Zurich. One special effect is made possible by the multiple reflections of images that run through the cosmos like a snake.

Today, astronomers have a pretty accurate idea of how stars were formed in the recent cosmic past. But do these laws also apply to older galaxies? For around a...

Im Focus: Visual intelligence is not the same as IQ

Just because someone is smart and well-motivated doesn't mean he or she can learn the visual skills needed to excel at tasks like matching fingerprints, interpreting medical X-rays, keeping track of aircraft on radar displays or forensic face matching.

That is the implication of a new study which shows for the first time that there is a broad range of differences in people's visual ability and that these...

Im Focus: Novel Nano-CT device creates high-resolution 3D-X-rays of tiny velvet worm legs

Computer Tomography (CT) is a standard procedure in hospitals, but so far, the technology has not been suitable for imaging extremely small objects. In PNAS, a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) describes a Nano-CT device that creates three-dimensional x-ray images at resolutions up to 100 nanometers. The first test application: Together with colleagues from the University of Kassel and Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht the researchers analyzed the locomotory system of a velvet worm.

During a CT analysis, the object under investigation is x-rayed and a detector measures the respective amount of radiation absorbed from various angles....

Im Focus: Researchers Develop Data Bus for Quantum Computer

The quantum world is fragile; error correction codes are needed to protect the information stored in a quantum object from the deteriorating effects of noise. Quantum physicists in Innsbruck have developed a protocol to pass quantum information between differently encoded building blocks of a future quantum computer, such as processors and memories. Scientists may use this protocol in the future to build a data bus for quantum computers. The researchers have published their work in the journal Nature Communications.

Future quantum computers will be able to solve problems where conventional computers fail today. We are still far away from any large-scale implementation,...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Ecology Across Borders: International conference brings together 1,500 ecologists

15.11.2017 | Event News

Road into laboratory: Users discuss biaxial fatigue-testing for car and truck wheel

15.11.2017 | Event News

#Berlin5GWeek: The right network for Industry 4.0

30.10.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Previous evidence of water on mars now identified as grainflows

21.11.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

NASA's James Webb Space Telescope completes final cryogenic testing

21.11.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

New catalyst controls activation of a carbon-hydrogen bond

21.11.2017 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>