This report was published in the Nov. 2 online edition of the American Journal of Nephrology.
The study, led by researchers at UC and the Cincinnati VA, showed that treatment of hypertension in patients with chronic kidney disease continues to be a challenge in their care and that by simply improving medication adherence, outcomes would improve greatly.
Chronic kidney disease is the slow loss of kidney function over time. The main function of the kidneys is to remove wastes and excess water from the body. Ongoing hypertension is often associated with kidney disease.
"Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is probably the most important modifiable risk factor in chronic kidney disease—a precursor to end-stage renal disease that is associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality," says Charuhas Thakar, MD, associate professor in the division of nephrology and hypertension at UC and chief of the renal section at the Cincinnati VA. "In chronic conditions, such as hypertension, whether or not a patient takes the correct dosage and amount of their hypertension medication is critical in reaching treatment goals.
"Patterns of medication adherence for these agents and their impact on blood pressure in practice settings were not previously well studied. We wanted to find out if medication adherence could make a difference on outcomes in kidney disease patients."
Using two years worth of data from patients seeking ambulatory care at the VA, researchers examined 7,227 chronic kidney disease patients who received at least one blood pressure medication prescription. Outpatient blood pressure measurements were averaged as high (more than 130/80 mm of Hg) versus normal, based on the national guidelines for hypertension management in kidney disease.
Medication adherence was calculated using medication possession ratio, meaning the actual treatment days divided by the total possible treatment days.
"Good versus poor medication adherence groups were compared for differences in demographic, co-morbid and laboratory variables," says Kristen Schmitt, chief of pharmacy at the Cincinnati VA and the lead author of the study. "Results showed that while 67 percent of patients took their medication properly, a total of 33 percent of patients had poor medication adherence. More importantly, those with poor adherence were 23 percent more likely to have sub-optimal blood pressure control during the entire two-year study period."
"With this data, we hope to develop a multidisciplinary approach to help kidney disease patients adhere to their prescribed blood pressure medications. This will not only improve their clinical outcomes but will also help in reducing costs of care," she continues.
"Although the results represent a large sample of patients, they are derived from a single center," adds Thakar. "Further investigations are needed to accurately assess the impact of medication adherence on cardiovascular and renal outcomes in practice."
This study was funded by a Federal Services Research Grant from the American Society of Health System Pharmacists (ASHP) Foundation.
Katie Pence | EurekAlert!
Norovirus evades immune system by hiding out in rare gut cells
12.10.2017 | University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Flexible sensors can detect movement in GI tract
11.10.2017 | Massachusetts Institute of Technology
University of Maryland researchers contribute to historic detection of gravitational waves and light created by event
On August 17, 2017, at 12:41:04 UTC, scientists made the first direct observation of a merger between two neutron stars--the dense, collapsed cores that remain...
Seven new papers describe the first-ever detection of light from a gravitational wave source. The event, caused by two neutron stars colliding and merging together, was dubbed GW170817 because it sent ripples through space-time that reached Earth on 2017 August 17. Around the world, hundreds of excited astronomers mobilized quickly and were able to observe the event using numerous telescopes, providing a wealth of new data.
Previous detections of gravitational waves have all involved the merger of two black holes, a feat that won the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physics earlier this month....
Material defects in end products can quickly result in failures in many areas of industry, and have a massive impact on the safe use of their products. This is why, in the field of quality assurance, intelligent, nondestructive sensor systems play a key role. They allow testing components and parts in a rapid and cost-efficient manner without destroying the actual product or changing its surface. Experts from the Fraunhofer IZFP in Saarbrücken will be presenting two exhibits at the Blechexpo in Stuttgart from 7–10 November 2017 that allow fast, reliable, and automated characterization of materials and detection of defects (Hall 5, Booth 5306).
When quality testing uses time-consuming destructive test methods, it can result in enormous costs due to damaging or destroying the products. And given that...
Using a new cooling technique MPQ scientists succeed at observing collisions in a dense beam of cold and slow dipolar molecules.
How do chemical reactions proceed at extremely low temperatures? The answer requires the investigation of molecular samples that are cold, dense, and slow at...
Scientists from the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, using high precision laser spectroscopy of atomic hydrogen, confirm the surprisingly small value of the proton radius determined from muonic hydrogen.
It was one of the breakthroughs of the year 2010: Laser spectroscopy of muonic hydrogen resulted in a value for the proton charge radius that was significantly...
17.10.2017 | Event News
10.10.2017 | Event News
10.10.2017 | Event News
17.10.2017 | Life Sciences
17.10.2017 | Life Sciences
17.10.2017 | Earth Sciences