Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Health study in northern Uganda calls for improved services for Internally Displaced Persons

25.11.2008
First study to examine determinants of general health among IDPs published in JECH

There are over 1 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Uganda due to the 20-year conflict waged between a rebel group, the Lord’s Resistance Army, and the central government.

Previous research on the health of IDPs has focused on specific physical and mental health conditions, but a study just published in the 'online first' section of the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health and led by Bayard Roberts of the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)’s Conflict and Health Programme, and Dr. Felix Ocaka of the Faculty of Medicine at Gulu University, Uganda, has for the first time sought to examine the determinants of general health among IDPs, including the physical, mental, emotional and social characteristics of health.

The authors carried out a cross-sectional survey in November 2006 with 1206 IDPs in 28 IDP camps in Gulu and Amuru districts of northern Uganda. Interviewees were asked questions from the SF-8 instrument to measure how they rated their general health.

Interviewees were also asked questions on factors affecting health status, such as gender, age, educational level, number of people in the household, access to latrines, water and hygiene, health services, food security, alcohol intake, history of displacement, exposure to violent and traumatic events and sense of safety in the camps.

Variables which had a significant negative effect on physical or mental health included gender, age, marital status, income, distance of camp from home areas, food security, use of soap, and sense of safety in the camp. A number of individual trauma variables and the frequency of trauma exposure also had negative associations with both physical and mental health. The use of family for emotional support showed a positive association with better mental health.

Bayard Roberts, Research Fellow in Conflict & Health at LSHTM, comments: ‘This is one of the first studies to quantify the factors that affect the overall physical and mental health of internally displaced persons. It provides data on the impact of deprivation of basic goods and services on both physical and mental health. We also found a strong association between the frequency and type of exposure to traumatic events on both poor physical and mental health.

Many of the trauma variables reported took place in the camps, and the variable on perceived lack of safety in the camps had a strong negative association with mental health. The study provides evidence of the importance of ensuring adequate assistance and protection in camp situations to reduce exposure to traumatic events and poor health outcomes.’

Gemma Howe | alfa
Further information:
http://jech.bmj.com/onlinefirst.dtl
http://www.lshtm.ac.uk

More articles from Health and Medicine:

nachricht TSRI researchers develop new method to 'fingerprint' HIV
29.03.2017 | Scripps Research Institute

nachricht Periodic ventilation keeps more pollen out than tilted-open windows
29.03.2017 | Technische Universität München

All articles from Health and Medicine >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: A Challenging European Research Project to Develop New Tiny Microscopes

The Institute of Semiconductor Technology and the Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, both members of the Laboratory for Emerging Nanometrology (LENA), at Technische Universität Braunschweig are partners in a new European research project entitled ChipScope, which aims to develop a completely new and extremely small optical microscope capable of observing the interior of living cells in real time. A consortium of 7 partners from 5 countries will tackle this issue with very ambitious objectives during a four-year research program.

To demonstrate the usefulness of this new scientific tool, at the end of the project the developed chip-sized microscope will be used to observe in real-time...

Im Focus: Giant Magnetic Fields in the Universe

Astronomers from Bonn and Tautenburg in Thuringia (Germany) used the 100-m radio telescope at Effelsberg to observe several galaxy clusters. At the edges of these large accumulations of dark matter, stellar systems (galaxies), hot gas, and charged particles, they found magnetic fields that are exceptionally ordered over distances of many million light years. This makes them the most extended magnetic fields in the universe known so far.

The results will be published on March 22 in the journal „Astronomy & Astrophysics“.

Galaxy clusters are the largest gravitationally bound structures in the universe. With a typical extent of about 10 million light years, i.e. 100 times the...

Im Focus: Tracing down linear ubiquitination

Researchers at the Goethe University Frankfurt, together with partners from the University of Tübingen in Germany and Queen Mary University as well as Francis Crick Institute from London (UK) have developed a novel technology to decipher the secret ubiquitin code.

Ubiquitin is a small protein that can be linked to other cellular proteins, thereby controlling and modulating their functions. The attachment occurs in many...

Im Focus: Perovskite edges can be tuned for optoelectronic performance

Layered 2D material improves efficiency for solar cells and LEDs

In the eternal search for next generation high-efficiency solar cells and LEDs, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and their partners are creating...

Im Focus: Polymer-coated silicon nanosheets as alternative to graphene: A perfect team for nanoelectronics

Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are less stable. Now researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have, for the first time ever, produced a composite material combining silicon nanosheets and a polymer that is both UV-resistant and easy to process. This brings the scientists a significant step closer to industrial applications like flexible displays and photosensors.

Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

International Land Use Symposium ILUS 2017: Call for Abstracts and Registration open

20.03.2017 | Event News

CONNECT 2017: International congress on connective tissue

14.03.2017 | Event News

ICTM Conference: Turbine Construction between Big Data and Additive Manufacturing

07.03.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Researchers shoot for success with simulations of laser pulse-material interactions

29.03.2017 | Materials Sciences

Igniting a solar flare in the corona with lower-atmosphere kindling

29.03.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

As sea level rises, much of Honolulu and Waikiki vulnerable to groundwater inundation

29.03.2017 | Earth Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>