The research focused on patients with the disease known as non-Hodgkin lymphoma of the stomach, which accounts for 5% of all gastric neoplasms. This disease is believed to be caused by a chronic Helicobacter pylori infection.
The proper diagnosis and medical treatment of this type of cancer depends on the use of uncertain information. To further their knowledge of this disease, physicians have to resort to data tables. Data tables give a broad overview of a set of factors within a group of patients for pattern extraction. These patterns are helpful for preventing, diagnosing and treating this lymphoma.
These decision-making processes, which affect the health and lives of many people, are complicated: the size of the tables used is massive, which is an obstacle for analysing and interpreting their contents.
What the research team proposed in the article was to introduce what are known as KBM2L Lists to support clinical decision making in patients suffering from this disease. These lists are dynamic knowledge representations that are capable of representing the analysed system knowledge in a summarized and understandable form.
As they explain in their article, this proposal is an attractive alternative to today’s clinical decision-making methods, as the system is able to extract and present patterns from an influence diagram for physicians to interpret. Influence diagrams are a way of representing decision-making problems as they are perceived by the decision maker, in this case the physician.
In a preliminary evaluation of this technique, the researchers generated KBM2L lists specific to non-Hodgkin lymphoma of the stomach that one of the authors, both a computer scientist and experience physician, interpreted. The KBM2L lists could be applied to other diseases.
The authors of this research are Concha Bielza and Juan Fernández del Pozo, from the Decision Analysis and Statistics Group at the UPM’s School of Computing, and Peter F. Lucas, from Radboud University Nijmegen’s Information Science and Computing Institute in Holland.
Eduardo Martínez | alfa
Visualizing gene expression with MRI
23.12.2016 | California Institute of Technology
Illuminating cancer: Researchers invent a pH threshold sensor to improve cancer surgery
21.12.2016 | UT Southwestern Medical Center
An important step towards a completely new experimental access to quantum physics has been made at University of Konstanz. The team of scientists headed by...
Yersiniae cause severe intestinal infections. Studies using Yersinia pseudotuberculosis as a model organism aim to elucidate the infection mechanisms of these...
Researchers from the University of Hamburg in Germany, in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Aarhus in Denmark, have synthesized a new superconducting material by growing a few layers of an antiferromagnetic transition-metal chalcogenide on a bismuth-based topological insulator, both being non-superconducting materials.
While superconductivity and magnetism are generally believed to be mutually exclusive, surprisingly, in this new material, superconducting correlations...
Laser-driving of semimetals allows creating novel quasiparticle states within condensed matter systems and switching between different states on ultrafast time scales
Studying properties of fundamental particles in condensed matter systems is a promising approach to quantum field theory. Quasiparticles offer the opportunity...
Among the general public, solar thermal energy is currently associated with dark blue, rectangular collectors on building roofs. Technologies are needed for aesthetically high quality architecture which offer the architect more room for manoeuvre when it comes to low- and plus-energy buildings. With the “ArKol” project, researchers at Fraunhofer ISE together with partners are currently developing two façade collectors for solar thermal energy generation, which permit a high degree of design flexibility: a strip collector for opaque façade sections and a solar thermal blind for transparent sections. The current state of the two developments will be presented at the BAU 2017 trade fair.
As part of the “ArKol – development of architecturally highly integrated façade collectors with heat pipes” project, Fraunhofer ISE together with its partners...
19.01.2017 | Event News
10.01.2017 | Event News
09.01.2017 | Event News
19.01.2017 | Earth Sciences
19.01.2017 | Life Sciences
19.01.2017 | Physics and Astronomy