This has emerged from Pim Warffemius’s doctoral research on the clustering of distribution centres around Schiphol airport. He states that one third of the businesses are “locked in”: they would actually like to move, but cannot get away. Warffemius will defend his dissertation at Erasmus University Rotterdam on Thursday 27 September 2007.
Schiphol airport is an extremely major player when it comes to business locations for European distribution centres. Many internationally operating logistics companies have their European distribution network set up according to the concept of central European distribution. About half of these distribution centres are actually located in the Netherlands: no less than 20% of them in the Schiphol region. There is limited space around Schiphol available for business locations, however. The government has specially zoned this area for airport -related activities.
The traditional assumption is that distribution businesses are attracted by the airport’s unique selling points: the number of (international) flight destinations, flight frequencies and other typical airport characteristics. Warffemius’s doctoral research however indicates that 40% of the distribution centres around Schiphol are not airport-related. Not the typical airport characteristics, but the presence of a business cluster actually provides the decisive advantages for businesses. Once these “agglomeration advantages” are there, a self-reinforcing growth process can occur. This makes it however especially difficult to predict the effects of the proposed location policy.
The research also shows that 30% of the distribution centres around Schiphol are “locked in” with regard to business location. Partly due to increasing obstructions on the roads and in the air and high rents, these businesses would actually prefer to move, but they have a hard time going ahead with a move because of the investments they have made. There is then no longer a case of a dynamic situation.
Warffemius talks of quasi-irreversible effects: if the congestion in the air around Schiphol increases, distribution centres will easily switch over to transporting air cargo by road. Increasing congestion on the roads however rarely leads to more use of air transport. Since it is not the typical airport characteristics but rather the agglomeration advantages of the larger Schiphol region that form the most important location factors, business parks for all sorts of distribution centres can also be easily developed elsewhere in the region. Warffemius says this can provide part of a solution.
Study sets new distance record for medical drone transport
13.09.2017 | Johns Hopkins Medicine
Researchers 'count cars' -- literally -- to find a better way to control heavy traffic
10.08.2017 | Florida Atlantic University
For the first time, scientists have precisely measured the effective electrical charge of a single molecule in solution. This fundamental insight of an SNSF Professor could also pave the way for future medical diagnostics.
Electrical charge is one of the key properties that allows molecules to interact. Life itself depends on this phenomenon: many biological processes involve...
At the JEC World Composite Show in Paris in March 2018, the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT will be focusing on the latest trends and innovations in laser machining of composites. Among other things, researchers at the booth shared with the Aachen Center for Integrative Lightweight Production (AZL) will demonstrate how lasers can be used for joining, structuring, cutting and drilling composite materials.
No other industry has attracted as much public attention to composite materials as the automotive industry, which along with the aerospace industry is a driver...
Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) and Tohoku University have developed high-quality GFO epitaxial films and systematically investigated their ferroelectric and ferromagnetic properties. They also demonstrated the room-temperature magnetocapacitance effects of these GFO thin films.
Multiferroic materials show magnetically driven ferroelectricity. They are attracting increasing attention because of their fascinating properties such as...
The oceans are the largest global heat reservoir. As a result of man-made global warming, the temperature in the global climate system increases; around 90% of...
Scientists at Helmholtz Zentrum München have discovered a mechanism that amplifies the autoimmune reaction in an early stage of pancreatic islet autoimmunity prior to the progression to clinical type 1 diabetes. If the researchers blocked the corresponding molecules, the immune system was significantly less active. The study was conducted under the auspices of the German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD) and was published in the journal ‘Science Translational Medicine’.
Type 1 diabetes is the most common metabolic disease in childhood and adolescence. In this disease, the body's own immune system attacks and destroys the...
15.01.2018 | Event News
08.01.2018 | Event News
11.12.2017 | Event News
15.01.2018 | Physics and Astronomy
15.01.2018 | Life Sciences
15.01.2018 | Life Sciences