This has emerged from Pim Warffemius’s doctoral research on the clustering of distribution centres around Schiphol airport. He states that one third of the businesses are “locked in”: they would actually like to move, but cannot get away. Warffemius will defend his dissertation at Erasmus University Rotterdam on Thursday 27 September 2007.
Schiphol airport is an extremely major player when it comes to business locations for European distribution centres. Many internationally operating logistics companies have their European distribution network set up according to the concept of central European distribution. About half of these distribution centres are actually located in the Netherlands: no less than 20% of them in the Schiphol region. There is limited space around Schiphol available for business locations, however. The government has specially zoned this area for airport -related activities.
The traditional assumption is that distribution businesses are attracted by the airport’s unique selling points: the number of (international) flight destinations, flight frequencies and other typical airport characteristics. Warffemius’s doctoral research however indicates that 40% of the distribution centres around Schiphol are not airport-related. Not the typical airport characteristics, but the presence of a business cluster actually provides the decisive advantages for businesses. Once these “agglomeration advantages” are there, a self-reinforcing growth process can occur. This makes it however especially difficult to predict the effects of the proposed location policy.
The research also shows that 30% of the distribution centres around Schiphol are “locked in” with regard to business location. Partly due to increasing obstructions on the roads and in the air and high rents, these businesses would actually prefer to move, but they have a hard time going ahead with a move because of the investments they have made. There is then no longer a case of a dynamic situation.
Warffemius talks of quasi-irreversible effects: if the congestion in the air around Schiphol increases, distribution centres will easily switch over to transporting air cargo by road. Increasing congestion on the roads however rarely leads to more use of air transport. Since it is not the typical airport characteristics but rather the agglomeration advantages of the larger Schiphol region that form the most important location factors, business parks for all sorts of distribution centres can also be easily developed elsewhere in the region. Warffemius says this can provide part of a solution.
Tool helps cities to plan electric bus routes, and calculate the benefits
09.01.2017 | International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)
Realistic training for extreme flight conditions
28.12.2016 | Technical University of Munich (TUM)
More and more automobile companies are focusing on body parts made of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP). However, manufacturing and repair costs must be further reduced in order to make CFRP more economical in use. Together with the Volkswagen AG and five other partners in the project HolQueSt 3D, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) has developed laser processes for the automatic trimming, drilling and repair of three-dimensional components.
Automated manufacturing processes are the basis for ultimately establishing the series production of CFRP components. In the project HolQueSt 3D, the LZH has...
Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have synthesized thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness that is about fifty times higher than copper films, currently used in electronics.
"The structural robustness of thin metal films has significant importance for the reliable operation of smart skin and flexible electronics including...
The nearby, giant radio galaxy M87 hosts a supermassive black hole (BH) and is well-known for its bright jet dominating the spectrum over ten orders of magnitude in frequency. Due to its proximity, jet prominence, and the large black hole mass, M87 is the best laboratory for investigating the formation, acceleration, and collimation of relativistic jets. A research team led by Silke Britzen from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy in Bonn, Germany, has found strong indication for turbulent processes connecting the accretion disk and the jet of that galaxy providing insights into the longstanding problem of the origin of astrophysical jets.
Supermassive black holes form some of the most enigmatic phenomena in astrophysics. Their enormous energy output is supposed to be generated by the...
The probability to find a certain number of photons inside a laser pulse usually corresponds to a classical distribution of independent events, the so-called...
Microprocessors based on atomically thin materials hold the promise of the evolution of traditional processors as well as new applications in the field of flexible electronics. Now, a TU Wien research team led by Thomas Müller has made a breakthrough in this field as part of an ongoing research project.
Two-dimensional materials, or 2D materials for short, are extremely versatile, although – or often more precisely because – they are made up of just one or a...
20.04.2017 | Event News
18.04.2017 | Event News
03.04.2017 | Event News
25.04.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
25.04.2017 | Materials Sciences
25.04.2017 | Life Sciences