Europe’s ports are where land and sea traffic meet – and ways of managing them differ greatly. A variety of data and operations must be handled, from the control of crane movements and parking of lorries to loading freight onto ships.
EUREKA project E! 2351 LOGCHAIN GHADIS tackled this logistical complexity by developing a graphic database system to make the management, administration, optimisation and communications of port operations simple and efficient, saving time and reducing costs. The Graphical Harbour Disposition and Information System (GHADIS) replaces, with graphic screens and drag-and-drop functionality, functions currently performed manually. “GHADIS is easy to use and saves time by using visual information and intuitive systems rather than tables or written information,” says Horst Pahl, Managing Director of Travemünder Datenverbund GmbH (TraDaV), the project’s German lead partner.
GHADIS allows the user to visualise the different harbour processes and can be used to plan and control tasks. It shows an overview of the whole terminal as well as two independent, detailed views with zoom functionality. The system represents the estimated situation in the harbour in the chosen time frame and the user can use the intuitive drag-and-drop interface to simulate the impact of operations. “GHADIS automatically generates messages and instructions, gathers information and spreads knowledge via its intuitive graphic displays,” says Pahl. The system can, for example, create crane orders to co ordinate and manage the loading and unloading of cargo from trains, trucks and ships, allowing for special handling of dangerous and perishable goods.
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The formation of stars in distant galaxies is still largely unexplored. For the first time, astron-omers at the University of Geneva have now been able to closely observe a star system six billion light-years away. In doing so, they are confirming earlier simulations made by the University of Zurich. One special effect is made possible by the multiple reflections of images that run through the cosmos like a snake.
Today, astronomers have a pretty accurate idea of how stars were formed in the recent cosmic past. But do these laws also apply to older galaxies? For around a...
Just because someone is smart and well-motivated doesn't mean he or she can learn the visual skills needed to excel at tasks like matching fingerprints, interpreting medical X-rays, keeping track of aircraft on radar displays or forensic face matching.
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Computer Tomography (CT) is a standard procedure in hospitals, but so far, the technology has not been suitable for imaging extremely small objects. In PNAS, a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) describes a Nano-CT device that creates three-dimensional x-ray images at resolutions up to 100 nanometers. The first test application: Together with colleagues from the University of Kassel and Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht the researchers analyzed the locomotory system of a velvet worm.
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The quantum world is fragile; error correction codes are needed to protect the information stored in a quantum object from the deteriorating effects of noise. Quantum physicists in Innsbruck have developed a protocol to pass quantum information between differently encoded building blocks of a future quantum computer, such as processors and memories. Scientists may use this protocol in the future to build a data bus for quantum computers. The researchers have published their work in the journal Nature Communications.
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