45th Annual Meeting of the Division of Plasma Physics
MIT physicists will report a new advance with the plasmatron, a small device that converts part of a fuel into a hydrogen-rich gas that reduces the emission of pollutants from vehicles. Developed by MIT researchers, the plasmatron was tested on a diesel-engine bus in Columbus, Indiana. The bus was tested by a team of engineers from ArvinMeritor, a major automotive and heavy truck components manufacturer which has licensed the plasmatron technology from MIT.
At the meeting, the MIT researchers will report that the plasmatron device, used with a special catalyst that treats the exhaust, reduced nitrous oxides from the vehicle by 90 percent. Nitrous oxides (NOx) are a major component of smog. In development for a half-dozen years, the plasmatron is showing special promise for early commercialization in diesel engines, which power many buses and trucks. The MIT researchers believe the plasmatron may provide an excellent means for those vehicles to meet stricter EPA standards planned to go into effect by 2007 for buses and heavy trucks. The plasmatron technology can also be used in gasoline engines, and makes them run potentially 30% times more efficiently while also being affordable and very clean.
David Harris | American Physical Society
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The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.
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Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE together with partners have investigated how these materials can be used to make power...
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