Public Transportation in evolution---using advanced technology for highly public road traffic
Deep understanding of human nature helps increase public aspects of road traffic
ITS is a general technology that connects people and automobiles
ITS (Intelligent Transport Systems) is a national project to integrate people, roads and cars with a wireless network in order to increase public aspects of road traffic, and to realize a comfortable and safe car-oriented society. ITS services that are presently available include VICS (Vehicle Information and Communication System) that provides traffic information to drivers though car navigation systems, and ETC (Electronic Toll Collection System) on toll roads. Various technologies are used in these services, such as GPS technology, wireless communication technology, and HMI (Human Machine Interface) technology to provide information in an easy-to- understand manner, to name a few.
The human engineering research group of Prof. Kawashima and Assoc. Prof. Daimon also utilizes cognitive engineering and applied psychology to study basic engineering and evaluation methods in adopting ITS. Their laboratory in the B2 floor of the House of Creation and Imagination in Yagami Campus holds a 360-degree driving simulator, rare equipment worldwide which was co-developed with the National Institute for Land and Infrastructure Management. Many experiments are performed to collect and analyze behavior and biological reaction of drivers to further study how to provide literal, visual and phonetic information through on-board equipment of car navigation systems, development of on-road equipment, and also general planning of next-generation traffic information systems.
To meet the needs of all drivers
As a result of the aging society, our country is expected to face serious problems with increasing elderly drivers with poor reflexes and slow comprehension. Assoc. Prof. Daimon says that by using the driving simulator on many elderly drivers, they can collect behavior data of these drivers which will help develop a car navigation system that is easy to understand for the elderly. They also collect evaluation data from women, people with hearing difficulties and non-Japanese. "Which type of drivers require what kind of information in which timing... we are finally prepared to discuss and study these issues." says Prof. Kawashima.
According to Prof. Kawashima, in the future, a "car-to-car communication" system using a wireless network instead of the present way of flashing lights may become available and a "probe car" may appear on the streets to utilize each car as a moving sensor to collect traffic information or road surface information on a snowy day. These new technologies will be based on the enormous amount of evaluation data of "people" accumulated in the Kawashima and Daimon laboratory.
An example of a research theme...."No more blind spots when making right turns!"
For Tetsuya Fukuda (second year level of graduate school), his research theme is safety assistance in making right turns in urban intersections where many accidents occur. When waiting to make a right turn, a truck may be waiting in the opposite lane to also make a right turn, and behind the truck becomes a blind spot and can cause accidents. Therefore, he has come up with the idea of placing a camera above the intersection to provide visual information of the blind spot to the driver's car navigation system. Fukuda, who says he wanted to study something that will help the society, repeats experiments with the driving simulator, dreaming that one day, awful traffic accidents will become a thing of the past
Prof. Hironao Kawashima, Faculty of Science and Technology
Prof. Kawashima finished the Graduate School of Science and Technology with a Ph.D. in 1973. He has been professor of the Department of Administration Engineering since 1992. He has served numerous times as chairperson and/or member of related committees of several ministries, and was awarded by the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry for promoting international standardization of ITS. He has published books such as "What is ITS----information revolution and car-oriented society" (Iwanami Shoten).
Assoc. Prof. Tatsuru Daimon, Faculty of Science and Technology
Assoc. Prof. Daimon finished the Graduate School of Science and Technology with a Ph.D. in 1995. He continued on with his research at the Institute for Human Science and Biomedical Engineering of the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology and the French National Institute for Transport and Safety Research before coming back to Keio University as Assistant Professor of the Department of Administration Engineering of the Faculty of Science and Technology. He became Associate Professor in 2003. Since 2005, he also serves the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport as a member of a pilot program for safety driving assistance service of the Sangubashi area of the No.4 line of the Metropolitan Expressway.
Laser rescue system for serious accidents
29.11.2016 | Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V.
Bremen University students reach the final at robotics competition with parcel delivery robot
19.10.2016 | BIBA - Bremer Institut für Produktion und Logistik
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.
The “MADMAX” project is the MPP’s commitment to axion research. Axions are so far only a theoretical prediction and are difficult to detect: on the one hand,...
Broadband rotational spectroscopy unravels structural reshaping of isolated molecules in the gas phase to accommodate water
In two recent publications in the Journal of Chemical Physics and in the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, researchers around Melanie Schnell from the Max...
The efficiency of power electronic systems is not solely dependent on electrical efficiency but also on weight, for example, in mobile systems. When the weight of relevant components and devices in airplanes, for instance, is reduced, fuel savings can be achieved and correspondingly greenhouse gas emissions decreased. New materials and components based on gallium nitride (GaN) can help to reduce weight and increase the efficiency. With these new materials, power electronic switches can be operated at higher switching frequency, resulting in higher power density and lower material costs.
Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE together with partners have investigated how these materials can be used to make power...
16.11.2016 | Event News
01.11.2016 | Event News
14.10.2016 | Event News
02.12.2016 | Medical Engineering
02.12.2016 | Agricultural and Forestry Science
02.12.2016 | Physics and Astronomy