HDAC8 overexpression is associated with a poor prognosis in human neuroblastoma patients. "As there are many different isoforms of histone deacetylases, it is crucial to understand the specific function of each -- with the putative goal of targeting a specific subset for a specific disease process," explains Dr. Mike Haberland, lead author on the study.
Dr. Olson's team explored the role of HDAC8 in verterbrate skull morphogenesis, using a strain of knockout mice specifically lacking HDAC8 in cranial neural crest cells. Neural crest cells (NCCs) are a specialized group of embryonic cells that – among other things – have evolved to generate the unsegmented vertebrate head, which has allowed vertebrates to transform from a passive, filter feeding animal into an active predator with paired eyes, an enlarged brain and protective skull, and ultimately, teeth and jaws.
The researchers found that HDAC8 deletion causes a deficiency of cranial NCCs, resulting in skull dysmorphism and instability, and perinatal death due to brain trauma. Microarray profiling revealed that HDAC8 represses multiple homeobox transcription factors that are active in the cranial NCC population, and function to pattern the frontal skull. Thus, HDAC8 has a crucial role in the epigenetic control of vertebrate skull development.
Heather Cosel-Pieper | EurekAlert!
New risk factors for anxiety disorders
24.02.2017 | Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg
Stingless bees have their nests protected by soldiers
24.02.2017 | Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
In the field of nanoscience, an international team of physicists with participants from Konstanz has achieved a breakthrough in understanding heat transport
Cells need to repair damaged DNA in our genes to prevent the development of cancer and other diseases. Our cells therefore activate and send “repair-proteins”...
The Fraunhofer IWS Dresden and Technische Universität Dresden inaugurated their jointly operated Center for Additive Manufacturing Dresden (AMCD) with a festive ceremony on February 7, 2017. Scientists from various disciplines perform research on materials, additive manufacturing processes and innovative technologies, which build up components in a layer by layer process. This technology opens up new horizons for component design and combinations of functions. For example during fabrication, electrical conductors and sensors are already able to be additively manufactured into components. They provide information about stress conditions of a product during operation.
The 3D-printing technology, or additive manufacturing as it is often called, has long made the step out of scientific research laboratories into industrial...
Nature does amazing things with limited design materials. Grass, for example, can support its own weight, resist strong wind loads, and recover after being...
Nanometer-scale magnetic perforated grids could create new possibilities for computing. Together with international colleagues, scientists from the Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) have shown how a cobalt grid can be reliably programmed at room temperature. In addition they discovered that for every hole ("antidot") three magnetic states can be configured. The results have been published in the journal "Scientific Reports".
Physicist Dr. Rantej Bali from the HZDR, together with scientists from Singapore and Australia, designed a special grid structure in a thin layer of cobalt in...
13.02.2017 | Event News
10.02.2017 | Event News
09.02.2017 | Event News
24.02.2017 | Life Sciences
24.02.2017 | Life Sciences
24.02.2017 | Trade Fair News