The idea that MMTV is involved in human breast cancer has been around for over 50 years. In the 1990s, researchers detected MMTV in human breast tumors, but not in healthy breast tissue. The link between MMTV and human breast cancer was contentious though, as some scientists believed the presence of MMTV in tumors was caused by contamination rather than infection.
However, two years ago, researchers from the University of Veterinary Medicine, Austrianova Biotechnology and the Christian-Doppler Laboratory for Gene Therapeutic Vector Development, all based in Vienna, Austria, showed that MMTV does actually infect human cells.
Now, they have added to these findings with this latest study, which shows that MMTV can replicate in cultured human breast cells. The new virus particles produced by the infected cells enabled the virus to spread rapidly, leading to the infection of every cell in culture.
"It has recently been shown convincingly that MMTV can infect human cells. Often, however, viruses infect cells but cannot replicate further. If they can replicate, the chances that they cause disease may be increased," says Dr Stanislav Indik from the University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna and one of the study's authors.
There are a number of questions still to be answered before a concrete role of MMTV in human breast cancer is established, including whether MMTV can infect primary cells - those taken directly from the body, not from a cultured cell line. Also, researchers plan to investigate how the virus spreads from mice to humans, and to examine if one of the possible outcomes of human MMTV infection is breast cancer.
MMTV is a retrovirus, the same kind of virus as HIV. If MMTV is eventually found to play a role in human breast cancer, current treatments for HIV may also be effective against MMTV.
Transport of molecular motors into cilia
28.03.2017 | Aarhus University
Asian dust providing key nutrients for California's giant sequoias
28.03.2017 | University of California - Riverside
The Institute of Semiconductor Technology and the Institute of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, both members of the Laboratory for Emerging Nanometrology (LENA), at Technische Universität Braunschweig are partners in a new European research project entitled ChipScope, which aims to develop a completely new and extremely small optical microscope capable of observing the interior of living cells in real time. A consortium of 7 partners from 5 countries will tackle this issue with very ambitious objectives during a four-year research program.
To demonstrate the usefulness of this new scientific tool, at the end of the project the developed chip-sized microscope will be used to observe in real-time...
Astronomers from Bonn and Tautenburg in Thuringia (Germany) used the 100-m radio telescope at Effelsberg to observe several galaxy clusters. At the edges of these large accumulations of dark matter, stellar systems (galaxies), hot gas, and charged particles, they found magnetic fields that are exceptionally ordered over distances of many million light years. This makes them the most extended magnetic fields in the universe known so far.
The results will be published on March 22 in the journal „Astronomy & Astrophysics“.
Galaxy clusters are the largest gravitationally bound structures in the universe. With a typical extent of about 10 million light years, i.e. 100 times the...
Researchers at the Goethe University Frankfurt, together with partners from the University of Tübingen in Germany and Queen Mary University as well as Francis Crick Institute from London (UK) have developed a novel technology to decipher the secret ubiquitin code.
Ubiquitin is a small protein that can be linked to other cellular proteins, thereby controlling and modulating their functions. The attachment occurs in many...
In the eternal search for next generation high-efficiency solar cells and LEDs, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and their partners are creating...
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are less stable. Now researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have, for the first time ever, produced a composite material combining silicon nanosheets and a polymer that is both UV-resistant and easy to process. This brings the scientists a significant step closer to industrial applications like flexible displays and photosensors.
Silicon nanosheets are thin, two-dimensional layers with exceptional optoelectronic properties very similar to those of graphene. Albeit, the nanosheets are...
20.03.2017 | Event News
14.03.2017 | Event News
07.03.2017 | Event News
29.03.2017 | Health and Medicine
29.03.2017 | Earth Sciences
29.03.2017 | Trade Fair News