Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Systems Characterization of Cell Surface Receptors

04.06.2007
Cells communicate with their environment through molecules on their surface known as receptors. Receptors bind ligands - specific companion molecules that either carry information about the outside environment or are critical cell nutrients. A variety of receptors are internalized into the cell through a process known as endocytosis. Receptors display a wide range of state-dependent endocytosis rates, but the functional significance of these patterns is not well understood.

In a paper publishing today (June 1) in the Open Access journal PLoS Computational Biology, Drs. Shankaran, Resat and Wiley from the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory employ a generalized mathematical model to comparatively explore the design principles of signal transduction and transport receptors.

The authors use a new module-based systems theory approach along with quantitative metrics for network function and robustness to show that endocytosis and other receptor/ligand properties can be described by just a few control parameters. Using mathematical analysis, the authors show that the efficiency and robustness of receptor systems are encoded by two fundamental parameters: the avidity which quantifies the ability of a receptor system to capture ligand, and the consumption which quantifies the ability to internalize bound ligand.

By examining a number of receptor systems, the authors demonstrate that the response of receptor systems can be characterized as being: i) avidity-controlled, which depends primarily on ligand capture efficiency, ii) consumption-controlled where the ability to internalize surface-bound ligand is the primary control parameter, and iii) dual-sensitive, in which both the avidity and consumption parameters are important. The location of various receptor systems in control parameter space dictates their specific function and regulation.

... more about:
»Ligand »Receptors »endocytosis »receptor

Most significantly, the authors argue that the evolution of a given receptor system can be understood in terms of its optimal location in avidity-consumption parameter space. For example, induced endocytosis can be shown to be an optimal solution for achieving high fidelity information transmission for signaling receptors. Overall, this study develops and applies a new strategy for quantifying the phenotype of complex systems that should be generally applicable to a wide range of problems in systems biology research.

The research was funded by the National Institutes of Health and the Biomolecular Systems Initiative at PNNL.

Andrew Hyde | alfa
Further information:
http://www.plos.org
http://compbiol.plosjournals.org/perlserv/?request=get-document&doi=10.1371/journal.pcbi.0030101

Further reports about: Ligand Receptors endocytosis receptor

More articles from Life Sciences:

nachricht Cells communicate in a dynamic code
19.02.2018 | California Institute of Technology

nachricht Studying mitosis' structure to understand the inside of cancer cells
19.02.2018 | Biophysical Society

All articles from Life Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: In best circles: First integrated circuit from self-assembled polymer

For the first time, a team of researchers at the Max-Planck Institute (MPI) for Polymer Research in Mainz, Germany, has succeeded in making an integrated circuit (IC) from just a monolayer of a semiconducting polymer via a bottom-up, self-assembly approach.

In the self-assembly process, the semiconducting polymer arranges itself into an ordered monolayer in a transistor. The transistors are binary switches used...

Im Focus: Demonstration of a single molecule piezoelectric effect

Breakthrough provides a new concept of the design of molecular motors, sensors and electricity generators at nanoscale

Researchers from the Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry of the CAS (IOCB Prague), Institute of Physics of the CAS (IP CAS) and Palacký University...

Im Focus: Hybrid optics bring color imaging using ultrathin metalenses into focus

For photographers and scientists, lenses are lifesavers. They reflect and refract light, making possible the imaging systems that drive discovery through the microscope and preserve history through cameras.

But today's glass-based lenses are bulky and resist miniaturization. Next-generation technologies, such as ultrathin cameras or tiny microscopes, require...

Im Focus: Stem cell divisions in the adult brain seen for the first time

Scientists from the University of Zurich have succeeded for the first time in tracking individual stem cells and their neuronal progeny over months within the intact adult brain. This study sheds light on how new neurons are produced throughout life.

The generation of new nerve cells was once thought to taper off at the end of embryonic development. However, recent research has shown that the adult brain...

Im Focus: Interference as a new method for cooling quantum devices

Theoretical physicists propose to use negative interference to control heat flow in quantum devices. Study published in Physical Review Letters

Quantum computer parts are sensitive and need to be cooled to very low temperatures. Their tiny size makes them particularly susceptible to a temperature...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

VideoLinks
Industry & Economy
Event News

2nd International Conference on High Temperature Shape Memory Alloys (HTSMAs)

15.02.2018 | Event News

Aachen DC Grid Summit 2018

13.02.2018 | Event News

How Global Climate Policy Can Learn from the Energy Transition

12.02.2018 | Event News

 
Latest News

Contacting the molecular world through graphene nanoribbons

19.02.2018 | Materials Sciences

When Proteins Shake Hands

19.02.2018 | Materials Sciences

Cells communicate in a dynamic code

19.02.2018 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
Science & Research
Overview of more VideoLinks >>>