"If we find the patients in time, their risk of developing chronic pain as adults declines," says dentist Ing-Marie Nilsson, who recently defended her doctoral dissertation at the Faculty of Dentistry at Malmö University College in Sweden.
Her dissertation, Reliability, validity, incidence and impact of termoromandibular pain disorders in adolescents, shows that more than four percent of all children between the ages of 12 and 19 examined by the National Dental Service in Östergötland County suffer from TMD pain.
In the study, which started in 2000, some 1,200 teens reported that they have pain. The figures are based on the responses given by the adolescents to two questions: "Do you have pain in the temple, face, jaw, or jaw joint at least once a week?" and "Do you experience pain at least once a week when you open your mouth or chew?" If the adolescents answered yes to one or both questions, they were registered as patients with TMD pain.
Ing-Marie Nilsson is not surprised by the outcome of the study, since earlier studies have presented similar results.
"But we are unique in having examined so many patients," she says. She feels the problem is underestimated.
"For those suffering from it, it is definitely a problem, and more people should be able to get help than actually do."
Her dissertation shows that in 2000 only half of those who wanted help for their pain were actually offered help.
One of the four studies that make up the dissertation shows that girls are afflicted more often than boys and that the problem increases with age. In other ways as well, TMD evinces a picture like that of other painful conditions, such as headache. It is unusual in children and usually debuts at puberty.
"This is a difficult age, especially for girls."
One study shows that 60 percent of those treated with an acrylic splint experience at least a 50-percent reduction in pain. But Ing-Marie Nilsson believes that in many cases it would be enough simply to provide adequate information or behavior-oriented treatment, where the patient learns various relaxation techniques.
The earlier these patients are discovered, the lower the risk of their developing chronic pain as adults.
Ing-Marie Nilsson's dissertation shows that the majority will be fine without major treatment measures, but for a small group, the pain becomes both recurrent and protracted.
This smaller group needs help if they are to avoid a long period of disability.
"It is important to teach them ways to deal with the pain early in life," says Ing-Marie Nilsson.
Sanna Camitz | alfa
Could this protein protect people against coronary artery disease?
17.11.2017 | University of North Carolina Health Care
Microbial resident enables beetles to feed on a leafy diet
17.11.2017 | Max-Planck-Institut für chemische Ökologie
The formation of stars in distant galaxies is still largely unexplored. For the first time, astron-omers at the University of Geneva have now been able to closely observe a star system six billion light-years away. In doing so, they are confirming earlier simulations made by the University of Zurich. One special effect is made possible by the multiple reflections of images that run through the cosmos like a snake.
Today, astronomers have a pretty accurate idea of how stars were formed in the recent cosmic past. But do these laws also apply to older galaxies? For around a...
Just because someone is smart and well-motivated doesn't mean he or she can learn the visual skills needed to excel at tasks like matching fingerprints, interpreting medical X-rays, keeping track of aircraft on radar displays or forensic face matching.
That is the implication of a new study which shows for the first time that there is a broad range of differences in people's visual ability and that these...
Computer Tomography (CT) is a standard procedure in hospitals, but so far, the technology has not been suitable for imaging extremely small objects. In PNAS, a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) describes a Nano-CT device that creates three-dimensional x-ray images at resolutions up to 100 nanometers. The first test application: Together with colleagues from the University of Kassel and Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht the researchers analyzed the locomotory system of a velvet worm.
During a CT analysis, the object under investigation is x-rayed and a detector measures the respective amount of radiation absorbed from various angles....
The quantum world is fragile; error correction codes are needed to protect the information stored in a quantum object from the deteriorating effects of noise. Quantum physicists in Innsbruck have developed a protocol to pass quantum information between differently encoded building blocks of a future quantum computer, such as processors and memories. Scientists may use this protocol in the future to build a data bus for quantum computers. The researchers have published their work in the journal Nature Communications.
Future quantum computers will be able to solve problems where conventional computers fail today. We are still far away from any large-scale implementation,...
Pillared graphene would transfer heat better if the theoretical material had a few asymmetric junctions that caused wrinkles, according to Rice University...
15.11.2017 | Event News
15.11.2017 | Event News
30.10.2017 | Event News
17.11.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
17.11.2017 | Health and Medicine
17.11.2017 | Studies and Analyses