Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

About The "Right- And Left-Eyed" Persons

21.03.2007
A person has two hands, two legs, two eyes, two cerebral hemispheres. But it is only at first sight that a human being is a symmetric creature. Firstly, we have a leading hand, the right one with the majority of people, secondly, we have a leading eye.

Thirdly, the brain is functionally asymmetric: the left hemisphere (with the right-handers) is mainly connected with abstract-logical thinking and to a larger extent - with speech, the right hemisphere – with image sensitivity.

Coming back to eyes, the right eye is the leading one among the two thirds of people, and the left one among one third of people. Special tests have been developed to determine this. Do these individual differences influence the visual information perception process, for example, perception of texts, on the left and on the right? Investigations carried out at the Institute of Cognitive Neurology of the Modern University for the Humanities will help to answer this question.

The experiment involved all right-handed students, but some of them had the right eye leading, the others – the left eye leading. All probationers were offered to read a text on the PC screen, the text being placed either in the right or in the left part of the screen, while the probationers’ head was oriented to the center (in such conditions, visual information from the left half-field of vision was addressed to the right hemisphere, and vice versa). It has turned out that the “left-eyed” probationers read the text quicker when it is placed on the left, than the text placed on the right. As for the “right-eyed” individuals, no such differences were noticed with them.

... more about:
»Hemisphere »leading »probationers
More detailed analysis has proved that when the “left-eyed” probationers were reading the left-side text, the brain perceived (during a single eye fixation on some text fragment) more symbols than in case of reading the right-hand text.

In other words, in the left half-field of vision, glance fixation is characterized by higher “information capacity”. This is directly connected with the speed of reading: the more symbols the glance perceives during one fixation, the quicker a person reads. There is one more sign of successfulness of reading: in the course of reading, the glance periodically returns back to the already read word (apparently due to difficulty of perception). Thus, in the left-sided text, the “left-eyed” probationers made less returns than they did in the right-sided text, which means higher successfulness of the “left” text recognition. Besides, the majority of the “left-eyed” persons performed faster quick eye movements – saccades – to the left than to the right.

Physiologists can only make assumptions about the reasons for such differences.
As all the probationers are right-handed persons, the control over their leading right hand is performed by the left hemisphere. With the right-eyed, the same left hemisphere also controls the leading right eye. As for the left-eyed persons, the leading left eye is controlled by the right hemisphere, which is free from control over the leading hand’s movements.

And this works out better. Therefore, the “left-eyed” persons read quicker on their left.

Where can this knowledge prove useful? Apparently, it makes sense to take the leading eye into account for production of various video-products, for example, training ones. Special objects (spoons, door-handles) are produced, even though not in Russia, for the left-handed, but there is nothing special made for the “left-eyed” persons. Maybe this will be done in the future.

Nadezda Markina | alfa
Further information:
http://www.informnauka.ru

Further reports about: Hemisphere leading probationers

More articles from Life Sciences:

nachricht How gut bacteria can make us ill
18.01.2017 | Helmholtz-Zentrum für Infektionsforschung

nachricht Nanoparticle Exposure Can Awaken Dormant Viruses in the Lungs
16.01.2017 | Helmholtz Zentrum München - Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Gesundheit und Umwelt

All articles from Life Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: How gut bacteria can make us ill

HZI researchers decipher infection mechanisms of Yersinia and immune responses of the host

Yersiniae cause severe intestinal infections. Studies using Yersinia pseudotuberculosis as a model organism aim to elucidate the infection mechanisms of these...

Im Focus: Interfacial Superconductivity: Magnetic and superconducting order revealed simultaneously

Researchers from the University of Hamburg in Germany, in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Aarhus in Denmark, have synthesized a new superconducting material by growing a few layers of an antiferromagnetic transition-metal chalcogenide on a bismuth-based topological insulator, both being non-superconducting materials.

While superconductivity and magnetism are generally believed to be mutually exclusive, surprisingly, in this new material, superconducting correlations...

Im Focus: Studying fundamental particles in materials

Laser-driving of semimetals allows creating novel quasiparticle states within condensed matter systems and switching between different states on ultrafast time scales

Studying properties of fundamental particles in condensed matter systems is a promising approach to quantum field theory. Quasiparticles offer the opportunity...

Im Focus: Designing Architecture with Solar Building Envelopes

Among the general public, solar thermal energy is currently associated with dark blue, rectangular collectors on building roofs. Technologies are needed for aesthetically high quality architecture which offer the architect more room for manoeuvre when it comes to low- and plus-energy buildings. With the “ArKol” project, researchers at Fraunhofer ISE together with partners are currently developing two façade collectors for solar thermal energy generation, which permit a high degree of design flexibility: a strip collector for opaque façade sections and a solar thermal blind for transparent sections. The current state of the two developments will be presented at the BAU 2017 trade fair.

As part of the “ArKol – development of architecturally highly integrated façade collectors with heat pipes” project, Fraunhofer ISE together with its partners...

Im Focus: How to inflate a hardened concrete shell with a weight of 80 t

At TU Wien, an alternative for resource intensive formwork for the construction of concrete domes was developed. It is now used in a test dome for the Austrian Federal Railways Infrastructure (ÖBB Infrastruktur).

Concrete shells are efficient structures, but not very resource efficient. The formwork for the construction of concrete domes alone requires a high amount of...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

12V, 48V, high-voltage – trends in E/E automotive architecture

10.01.2017 | Event News

2nd Conference on Non-Textual Information on 10 and 11 May 2017 in Hannover

09.01.2017 | Event News

Nothing will happen without batteries making it happen!

05.01.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

How gut bacteria can make us ill

18.01.2017 | Life Sciences

On track to heal leukaemia

18.01.2017 | Health and Medicine

Water - as the underlying driver of the Earth’s carbon cycle

17.01.2017 | Earth Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>