The dramatic growth in ionic liquid research over the past decade has resulted in the development of a huge number of novel ionic liquids, as well as many associated applications. Ionic liquids have the potential to increase chemical reactivity and thus lead to more efficient processes. They are non-flammable and due to their low vapor pressure less toxic than conventional solvents. But does this low vapor pressure alone make them a green solvent?
The progress of ionic liquid toxicity research, as well as the development of degradable and bio-renewable ionic liquids is highlighted in one of the articles published in CLEAN, the new international and interdisciplinary journal covering all aspects of sustainability and environmental safety.
Sustainable Development - the leading concept of the 21st century
Sustainable Development describes a progress, which is in agreement with the needs of the present generation but does not endanger the chances of the coming ones thus satisfying their needs as well. Having been discussed on international Summits and Conferences in Rio de Janeiro 1992 and Johannesburg 2002, it now is a subject matter worldwide. But still there are controversies on how to achieve this goal. For example, it is clear that the definition of the prime needs vary from man to man, from country to country and from continent to continent.
Industry and environmental safety - do they exclude each other?
No doubt, the prosperity of modern societies is mainly based on the far-reaching achievements of chemistry and the industry, contributing to improve the quality of life of billions of human beings. But in public opinion the price for these advancements to be paid by our environment seems more and more to be too high. Goods and how they are produced by the industry today influence the environmental quality of tomorrow.
While it is the prevailing public opinion that chemistry in particular endangers the environment, scientists in education, research, and industry show continuous efforts to prove that an important tool for improved environmental quality lies in the hand of this discipline. Chemistry is an opportunity and a risk at the same time for the implementation of the model of sustainable development. With the competence of the industry in the field of materials conversion, important sectors for the implementation of sustainable development in society can be supported.
CLEAN - Soil, Air, Water
The world is growing together with a multitude of interdisciplinary approaches of scientists linking their knowledge together. For the benefit of researchers all over the world and with editors from all over the world, CLEAN - Soil, Air, Water aims at closing the gap in the field of environmental issues between developing and developed countries. While covering all aspects of sustainability and environmental safety, CLEAN focuses on prevention measures and forward oriented approaches rather than on remediation and pollution cleanup.For more information, please contact:
Rainbow colors reveal cell history: Uncovering β-cell heterogeneity
22.09.2017 | DFG-Forschungszentrum für Regenerative Therapien TU Dresden
The pyrenoid is a carbon-fixing liquid droplet
22.09.2017 | Max-Planck-Institut für Biochemie
Plants and algae use the enzyme Rubisco to fix carbon dioxide, removing it from the atmosphere and converting it into biomass. Algae have figured out a way to increase the efficiency of carbon fixation. They gather most of their Rubisco into a ball-shaped microcompartment called the pyrenoid, which they flood with a high local concentration of carbon dioxide. A team of scientists at Princeton University, the Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford University and the Max Plank Institute of Biochemistry have unravelled the mysteries of how the pyrenoid is assembled. These insights can help to engineer crops that remove more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere while producing more food.
A warming planet
Our brains house extremely complex neuronal circuits, whose detailed structures are still largely unknown. This is especially true for the so-called cerebral cortex of mammals, where among other things vision, thoughts or spatial orientation are being computed. Here the rules by which nerve cells are connected to each other are only partly understood. A team of scientists around Moritz Helmstaedter at the Frankfiurt Max Planck Institute for Brain Research and Helene Schmidt (Humboldt University in Berlin) have now discovered a surprisingly precise nerve cell connectivity pattern in the part of the cerebral cortex that is responsible for orienting the individual animal or human in space.
The researchers report online in Nature (Schmidt et al., 2017. Axonal synapse sorting in medial entorhinal cortex, DOI: 10.1038/nature24005) that synapses in...
Whispering gallery mode (WGM) resonators are used to make tiny micro-lasers, sensors, switches, routers and other devices. These tiny structures rely on a...
Using ultrafast flashes of laser and x-ray radiation, scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (Garching, Germany) took snapshots of the briefest electron motion inside a solid material to date. The electron motion lasted only 750 billionths of the billionth of a second before it fainted, setting a new record of human capability to capture ultrafast processes inside solids!
When x-rays shine onto solid materials or large molecules, an electron is pushed away from its original place near the nucleus of the atom, leaving a hole...
For the first time, physicists have successfully imaged spiral magnetic ordering in a multiferroic material. These materials are considered highly promising candidates for future data storage media. The researchers were able to prove their findings using unique quantum sensors that were developed at Basel University and that can analyze electromagnetic fields on the nanometer scale. The results – obtained by scientists from the University of Basel’s Department of Physics, the Swiss Nanoscience Institute, the University of Montpellier and several laboratories from University Paris-Saclay – were recently published in the journal Nature.
Multiferroics are materials that simultaneously react to electric and magnetic fields. These two properties are rarely found together, and their combined...
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22.09.2017 | Physics and Astronomy