The dramatic growth in ionic liquid research over the past decade has resulted in the development of a huge number of novel ionic liquids, as well as many associated applications. Ionic liquids have the potential to increase chemical reactivity and thus lead to more efficient processes. They are non-flammable and due to their low vapor pressure less toxic than conventional solvents. But does this low vapor pressure alone make them a green solvent?
The progress of ionic liquid toxicity research, as well as the development of degradable and bio-renewable ionic liquids is highlighted in one of the articles published in CLEAN, the new international and interdisciplinary journal covering all aspects of sustainability and environmental safety.
Sustainable Development - the leading concept of the 21st century
Sustainable Development describes a progress, which is in agreement with the needs of the present generation but does not endanger the chances of the coming ones thus satisfying their needs as well. Having been discussed on international Summits and Conferences in Rio de Janeiro 1992 and Johannesburg 2002, it now is a subject matter worldwide. But still there are controversies on how to achieve this goal. For example, it is clear that the definition of the prime needs vary from man to man, from country to country and from continent to continent.
Industry and environmental safety - do they exclude each other?
No doubt, the prosperity of modern societies is mainly based on the far-reaching achievements of chemistry and the industry, contributing to improve the quality of life of billions of human beings. But in public opinion the price for these advancements to be paid by our environment seems more and more to be too high. Goods and how they are produced by the industry today influence the environmental quality of tomorrow.
While it is the prevailing public opinion that chemistry in particular endangers the environment, scientists in education, research, and industry show continuous efforts to prove that an important tool for improved environmental quality lies in the hand of this discipline. Chemistry is an opportunity and a risk at the same time for the implementation of the model of sustainable development. With the competence of the industry in the field of materials conversion, important sectors for the implementation of sustainable development in society can be supported.
CLEAN - Soil, Air, Water
The world is growing together with a multitude of interdisciplinary approaches of scientists linking their knowledge together. For the benefit of researchers all over the world and with editors from all over the world, CLEAN - Soil, Air, Water aims at closing the gap in the field of environmental issues between developing and developed countries. While covering all aspects of sustainability and environmental safety, CLEAN focuses on prevention measures and forward oriented approaches rather than on remediation and pollution cleanup.For more information, please contact:
What happens in the cell nucleus after fertilization
06.12.2016 | Helmholtz Zentrum München - Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Gesundheit und Umwelt
Researchers uncover protein-based “cancer signature”
05.12.2016 | Universität Basel
In recent years, lasers with ultrashort pulses (USP) down to the femtosecond range have become established on an industrial scale. They could advance some applications with the much-lauded “cold ablation” – if that meant they would then achieve more throughput. A new generation of process engineering that will address this issue in particular will be discussed at the “4th UKP Workshop – Ultrafast Laser Technology” in April 2017.
Even back in the 1990s, scientists were comparing materials processing with nanosecond, picosecond and femtosesecond pulses. The result was surprising:...
Have you ever wondered how you see the world? Vision is about photons of light, which are packets of energy, interacting with the atoms or molecules in what...
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Working with colleagues at Stanford and The Dow Chemical Company, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign fabricated 3-D birefringent...
In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
“Our Quantum droplets are in the gas phase but they still drop like a rock,” explains experimental physicist Francesca Ferlaino when talking about the...
The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.
The “MADMAX” project is the MPP’s commitment to axion research. Axions are so far only a theoretical prediction and are difficult to detect: on the one hand,...
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