Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Local interventions have little effect on metapopulation stability

21.02.2007
Stabilizing fluctuations in the number of individuals in fragmented populations of threatened species is an important concern in conservation biology.

Theoretical studies indicate that localized perturbations, such as adding a constant number of individuals every generation, can stabilize such fluctuations in networks of local populations that are connected to each other by migration (metapopulations). If they work, such perturbations could prove to be a useful tool for managing fragmented and unstable populations.

Sutirth Dey and Amitabh Joshi of Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore, India used laboratory metapopulations of fruitflies in the first experimental test of whether a constant localized perturbation can stabilize a real biological metapopulation.

Dey and Joshi showed that constant addition of fruitflies every generation to a particular population in the network does stabilize that population locally, but does not have any detectable effect on the dynamics and stability of the fruitfly metapopulation as a whole. Computer simulations of the experimental system using a simple and widely applicable model of population dynamics were able to recover most of the experimental results, indicating that their results are likely to be generalizable to other species. The simulations also indicated that the basic finding of no detectable effect of constant local perturbation on metapopulation dynamics and stability was robust across a much wider range of ecological scenarios than the precise conditions of their fruitfly experiment.

The study of Dey and Joshi sounds a cautionary note for ecologists and conservation biologists trying to stabilize fragmented populations in nature because it indicates that, contrary to theoretical predictions, localized perturbations are unlikely to affect the dynamics of real metapopulations.

This study will be published on February 21, 2007 in PLoS ONE, the international, peer-reviewed, open-access, online publication from the Public Library of Science (PLoS).

Citation: Dey S, Joshi A (2007) Local Perturbations Do Not Affect Stability of Laboratory Fruitfly Metapopulations. PLoS ONE 2(2): e233. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0000233

Andrew Hyde | alfa
Further information:
http://www.plosone.org

Further reports about: Dynamics Joshi Stability metapopulation perturbation

More articles from Life Sciences:

nachricht Ion treatments for cardiac arrhythmia — Non-invasive alternative to catheter-based surgery
20.01.2017 | GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH

nachricht Seeking structure with metagenome sequences
20.01.2017 | DOE/Joint Genome Institute

All articles from Life Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Traffic jam in empty space

New success for Konstanz physicists in studying the quantum vacuum

An important step towards a completely new experimental access to quantum physics has been made at University of Konstanz. The team of scientists headed by...

Im Focus: How gut bacteria can make us ill

HZI researchers decipher infection mechanisms of Yersinia and immune responses of the host

Yersiniae cause severe intestinal infections. Studies using Yersinia pseudotuberculosis as a model organism aim to elucidate the infection mechanisms of these...

Im Focus: Interfacial Superconductivity: Magnetic and superconducting order revealed simultaneously

Researchers from the University of Hamburg in Germany, in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Aarhus in Denmark, have synthesized a new superconducting material by growing a few layers of an antiferromagnetic transition-metal chalcogenide on a bismuth-based topological insulator, both being non-superconducting materials.

While superconductivity and magnetism are generally believed to be mutually exclusive, surprisingly, in this new material, superconducting correlations...

Im Focus: Studying fundamental particles in materials

Laser-driving of semimetals allows creating novel quasiparticle states within condensed matter systems and switching between different states on ultrafast time scales

Studying properties of fundamental particles in condensed matter systems is a promising approach to quantum field theory. Quasiparticles offer the opportunity...

Im Focus: Designing Architecture with Solar Building Envelopes

Among the general public, solar thermal energy is currently associated with dark blue, rectangular collectors on building roofs. Technologies are needed for aesthetically high quality architecture which offer the architect more room for manoeuvre when it comes to low- and plus-energy buildings. With the “ArKol” project, researchers at Fraunhofer ISE together with partners are currently developing two façade collectors for solar thermal energy generation, which permit a high degree of design flexibility: a strip collector for opaque façade sections and a solar thermal blind for transparent sections. The current state of the two developments will be presented at the BAU 2017 trade fair.

As part of the “ArKol – development of architecturally highly integrated façade collectors with heat pipes” project, Fraunhofer ISE together with its partners...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Sustainable Water use in Agriculture in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

19.01.2017 | Event News

12V, 48V, high-voltage – trends in E/E automotive architecture

10.01.2017 | Event News

2nd Conference on Non-Textual Information on 10 and 11 May 2017 in Hannover

09.01.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Helmholtz International Fellow Award for Sarah Amalia Teichmann

20.01.2017 | Awards Funding

An innovative high-performance material: biofibers made from green lacewing silk

20.01.2017 | Materials Sciences

Ion treatments for cardiac arrhythmia — Non-invasive alternative to catheter-based surgery

20.01.2017 | Life Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>