Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

NYU, Scripps finding offers new path for treatment of diabetes

28.11.2006
Researchers at New York University and the Scripps Research Institute have discovered a new enzyme, GAPDH, which regulates insulin pathways—a finding that offers a new direction for the treatment of diabetes. The research is reported in the most recent issue of the journal Nature Chemical Biology.

The enzyme GAPDH was previously unknown to be a factor in the development of diabetes in humans. It has also been discovered that the inhibition of GAPDH attenuates the diabetic disease symptom in model animals.

The research team, which included NYU’s Departments of Biology and Chemistry and Scripps’ Department of Cell Biology, used the worm Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) to identify a new therapeutic target protein for diabetic treatment. C. elegans is the first animal species where RNA interference (RNAi) is discovered and thus, an excellent model organism for chemical genetic research. In this study, the researchers screened hundreds of chemical compounds to find one hit compound, which rescues the mutant C. elegans (diabetics model) from diabetes. Then, they identified the target protein, which was found to be the enzyme GAPDH. GAPDH has long been known as one of the important glycolytic enzymes, and its function is affected by insulin. However, this is the first discovery that GAPDH actively regulates the insulin pathway.

The research team constructed all the molecules by incorporating the fishing tag (linker) from the beginning, and facilitated the target fishing. The hit compound was named GAPDS (GAPDH segregator) as GAPDS disassemble the multi-part structure of GAPDH into monomers. The segregation of GAPDH releases the suppressor of insulin signaling from the cell membrane, and thus activates the insulin signaling to eventually help to treat diabetes.

... more about:
»Diabetes »GAPDH »Insulin »compound »elegans »enzyme

While the C-elegans is a recommended model for chemical genetic study, treating them with chemical compounds presented difficulties for the researchers because they grow on the surface of agar. To overcome these challenges, the researchers devised a soaking method in which the worms were placed in a compound solution for 24 hours. By this method, the worms were exposed to equitable concentration of the compounds. The mutant C-elegans are in a growth arrested status. By addition of compounds, a re-growing of the worms into normal size was observed by GAPDS, which is analogous to treating diabetes patients with a drug.

While there are many drugs on the market to treat diabetes, the number of known disease-producing protein targets is small. Because diabetes has many causes, targeting several different proteins offers the most promising method for treatment. The discovery of GAPDH adds another target that can be addressed in combating the disease.

James Devitt | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.nyu.edu

Further reports about: Diabetes GAPDH Insulin compound elegans enzyme

More articles from Life Sciences:

nachricht New gene catalog of ocean microbiome reveals surprises
18.08.2017 | University of Hawaii at Manoa

nachricht Organ Crosstalk: Fatty Liver Can Cause Damage to Other Organs
18.08.2017 | Deutsches Zentrum für Diabetesforschung

All articles from Life Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Fizzy soda water could be key to clean manufacture of flat wonder material: Graphene

Whether you call it effervescent, fizzy, or sparkling, carbonated water is making a comeback as a beverage. Aside from quenching thirst, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have discovered a new use for these "bubbly" concoctions that will have major impact on the manufacturer of the world's thinnest, flattest, and one most useful materials -- graphene.

As graphene's popularity grows as an advanced "wonder" material, the speed and quality at which it can be manufactured will be paramount. With that in mind,...

Im Focus: Exotic quantum states made from light: Physicists create optical “wells” for a super-photon

Physicists at the University of Bonn have managed to create optical hollows and more complex patterns into which the light of a Bose-Einstein condensate flows. The creation of such highly low-loss structures for light is a prerequisite for complex light circuits, such as for quantum information processing for a new generation of computers. The researchers are now presenting their results in the journal Nature Photonics.

Light particles (photons) occur as tiny, indivisible portions. Many thousands of these light portions can be merged to form a single super-photon if they are...

Im Focus: Circular RNA linked to brain function

For the first time, scientists have shown that circular RNA is linked to brain function. When a RNA molecule called Cdr1as was deleted from the genome of mice, the animals had problems filtering out unnecessary information – like patients suffering from neuropsychiatric disorders.

While hundreds of circular RNAs (circRNAs) are abundant in mammalian brains, one big question has remained unanswered: What are they actually good for? In the...

Im Focus: RAVAN CubeSat measures Earth's outgoing energy

An experimental small satellite has successfully collected and delivered data on a key measurement for predicting changes in Earth's climate.

The Radiometer Assessment using Vertically Aligned Nanotubes (RAVAN) CubeSat was launched into low-Earth orbit on Nov. 11, 2016, in order to test new...

Im Focus: Scientists shine new light on the “other high temperature superconductor”

A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg presents evidence of the coexistence of superconductivity and “charge-density-waves” in compounds of the poorly-studied family of bismuthates. This observation opens up new perspectives for a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of high-temperature superconductivity, a topic which is at the core of condensed matter research since more than 30 years. The paper by Nicoletti et al has been published in the PNAS.

Since the beginning of the 20th century, superconductivity had been observed in some metals at temperatures only a few degrees above the absolute zero (minus...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Call for Papers – ICNFT 2018, 5th International Conference on New Forming Technology

16.08.2017 | Event News

Sustainability is the business model of tomorrow

04.08.2017 | Event News

Clash of Realities 2017: Registration now open. International Conference at TH Köln

26.07.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

New gene catalog of ocean microbiome reveals surprises

18.08.2017 | Life Sciences

Astrophysicists explain the mysterious behavior of cosmic rays

18.08.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

AI implications: Engineer's model lays groundwork for machine-learning device

18.08.2017 | Information Technology

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>