Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Key to acute lung injury lies in Ang2 protein

13.11.2006
Acute lung injury caused by cell death, high and potentially toxic concentrations of oxygen (hyperoxia), and the resulting excess fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema), may be controlled by modulating levels of the angiopoietin2 (Ang2) protein, researchers at Yale School of Medicine report in the November 5 online issue of Nature Medicine.

The study, which was completed in the laboratory of senior author Jack Elias, M.D., the Waldemar Von Zedtwitz Professor and chair of internal medicine at Yale, looked at the response to hyperoxic acute lung injury (HALI), first in mice and then in human adults and babies. The team found that mice in which the Ang2 gene was genetically eliminated or silenced lived longer and had evidence of decreased lung injury compared to mice in which the gene and protein were intact.

Levels of the Ang2 protein were then measured in the blood and lung fluid of adult patients and babies with acute lung damage and pulmonary edema. The team found that levels of Ang2, which is known to increase leaks in blood vessels and causes the death of endothelial cells that line the blood vessels, were higher in adult patients with acute lung injury and in babies born with respiratory distress syndrome who either went on to develop bronchopulmonary dysplasia or died.

"Mice without Ang2 seemed to be protected against hyperoxia," said first author Vineet Bhandari, M.D., assistant professor of pediatrics at Yale School of Medicine. "This protein seems to be a mediator of cell death in the settings of high oxygen concentrations in the lung causing acute lung injury and pulmonary edema."

... more about:
»Ang2 »Protein »edema

Bhandari said the study is an example of true bench-to-bedside translational research. "All the work was initially done on mice in which we found that the Ang2 protein was involved in HALI," said Bhandari. "We also defined how the protein creates lung injury and then we showed its clinical relevance by documenting its presence in human patients with acute lung injury."

In addition to acute lung injury and pulmonary edema, Bhandari said, an increase in Ang2 and cell death can be seen in other disorders such as heart attacks, stroke, eye disease in diabetics and brain tumors.

Karen N. Peart | EurekAlert!
Further information:
http://www.yale.edu

Further reports about: Ang2 Protein edema

More articles from Life Sciences:

nachricht Topologische Quantenchemie
21.07.2017 | Max-Planck-Institut für Chemische Physik fester Stoffe

nachricht Topological Quantum Chemistry
21.07.2017 | Max-Planck-Institut für Chemische Physik fester Stoffe

All articles from Life Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: 3-D scanning with water

3-D shape acquisition using water displacement as the shape sensor for the reconstruction of complex objects

A global team of computer scientists and engineers have developed an innovative technique that more completely reconstructs challenging 3D objects. An ancient...

Im Focus: Manipulating Electron Spins Without Loss of Information

Physicists have developed a new technique that uses electrical voltages to control the electron spin on a chip. The newly-developed method provides protection from spin decay, meaning that the contained information can be maintained and transmitted over comparatively large distances, as has been demonstrated by a team from the University of Basel’s Department of Physics and the Swiss Nanoscience Institute. The results have been published in Physical Review X.

For several years, researchers have been trying to use the spin of an electron to store and transmit information. The spin of each electron is always coupled...

Im Focus: The proton precisely weighted

What is the mass of a proton? Scientists from Germany and Japan successfully did an important step towards the most exact knowledge of this fundamental constant. By means of precision measurements on a single proton, they could improve the precision by a factor of three and also correct the existing value.

To determine the mass of a single proton still more accurate – a group of physicists led by Klaus Blaum and Sven Sturm of the Max Planck Institute for Nuclear...

Im Focus: On the way to a biological alternative

A bacterial enzyme enables reactions that open up alternatives to key industrial chemical processes

The research team of Prof. Dr. Oliver Einsle at the University of Freiburg's Institute of Biochemistry has long been exploring the functioning of nitrogenase....

Im Focus: The 1 trillion tonne iceberg

Larsen C Ice Shelf rift finally breaks through

A one trillion tonne iceberg - one of the biggest ever recorded -- has calved away from the Larsen C Ice Shelf in Antarctica, after a rift in the ice,...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Closing the Sustainability Circle: Protection of Food with Biobased Materials

21.07.2017 | Event News

»We are bringing Additive Manufacturing to SMEs«

19.07.2017 | Event News

The technology with a feel for feelings

12.07.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Ultrathin device harvests electricity from human motion

24.07.2017 | Power and Electrical Engineering

Scientists announce the quest for high-index materials

24.07.2017 | Materials Sciences

ADIR Project: Lasers Recover Valuable Materials

24.07.2017 | Materials Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>