Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Prestigious European Young Investigator Award Goes to GSF Neuroscientist

24.10.2006
Today the European Young Investigator Awards (EURYI Awards), which carries a value of up to Euro 1.25 million, are awarded in Prague. One of the 25 prestigious awards goes to Dr. Dieter Chichung Lie from the GSF Research Centre for Environment and Health in Neuherberg near Munich.

With the support of the award Lie will extend his group of young scientists at the GSF Institute of Development Genetics, which was established in spring 2005. Since 1999 he has been working on the mechanisms of hippocampal neurogenesis, i.e., the formation of new nerve cells in the adult hippocampus. This brain region plays a central role in learning and memory processes.

“In the future my EURYI group will work on the identification of the signals regulating the quiescent state of stem cells,” Dieter Chichung Lie emphasizes. “To this end, we will apply state of the art techniques in genetics, molecular biology and cell biology.” The researchers envision that these studies will contribute to the development of new strategies for the treatment of learning and memory disorders and that these studies will provide new insights into the development of brain tumours.

Background: in the adult brain the majority of nerve cells are generated from neural stem cells during embryonal development or shortly after birth. The hippocampus is one of two specialised brain regions in which neurogenesis continues throughout adulthood. Recent results indicate that neurogenesis contributes to the function of the hippocampus: in aging animals the rate of hippocampal neurogenesis continuously decreases and is paralleled by learning and memory deficits.

The formation of new nerve cells from stem cells in the adult hippocampus is subject to tight control: insufficient formation of new nerve cells might lead to malfunction of the hippocampus. In contrast, excessive formation of new cells may result in the exhaustion of the stem cell pool, which would lead to early impairment of hippocampal function. Apart from that, uncontrolled formation of new cells would pose the risk of tumour formation.

The adult brain has developed a protective strategy: the majority of adult neural stem cells are in a quiescent state, i.e., non-proliferative. They have to be activated from the quiescent state, in order to divide and form new nerve cells in the hippocampus.

Since 2004 the European Science Foundation has been awarding the EURYI Award, which provides outstanding young scientists from all disciplines with the financial means and human resources to establish their research groups in Europe. The objective of the EURYI Awards is to recruit and keep talented young scientists for research in Europe. To this end the scientists are provided with funding that allows them to conduct research on an internationally competitive level. Apart from scientific excellence, the innovation content of the research projects is a major selection criteria.

Michael van den Heuvel | alfa
Further information:
http://www.gsf.de/neu/Aktuelles/Presse/2006/euryi_en.php

Further reports about: EURYI Hippocampus formation nerve cells neurogenesis stem cells

More articles from Life Sciences:

nachricht Discovery of a Key Regulatory Gene in Cardiac Valve Formation
24.05.2017 | Universität Basel

nachricht Carcinogenic soot particles from GDI engines
24.05.2017 | Empa - Eidgenössische Materialprüfungs- und Forschungsanstalt

All articles from Life Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: A quantum walk of photons

Physicists from the University of Würzburg are capable of generating identical looking single light particles at the push of a button. Two new studies now demonstrate the potential this method holds.

The quantum computer has fuelled the imagination of scientists for decades: It is based on fundamentally different phenomena than a conventional computer....

Im Focus: Turmoil in sluggish electrons’ existence

An international team of physicists has monitored the scattering behaviour of electrons in a non-conducting material in real-time. Their insights could be beneficial for radiotherapy.

We can refer to electrons in non-conducting materials as ‘sluggish’. Typically, they remain fixed in a location, deep inside an atomic composite. It is hence...

Im Focus: Wafer-thin Magnetic Materials Developed for Future Quantum Technologies

Two-dimensional magnetic structures are regarded as a promising material for new types of data storage, since the magnetic properties of individual molecular building blocks can be investigated and modified. For the first time, researchers have now produced a wafer-thin ferrimagnet, in which molecules with different magnetic centers arrange themselves on a gold surface to form a checkerboard pattern. Scientists at the Swiss Nanoscience Institute at the University of Basel and the Paul Scherrer Institute published their findings in the journal Nature Communications.

Ferrimagnets are composed of two centers which are magnetized at different strengths and point in opposing directions. Two-dimensional, quasi-flat ferrimagnets...

Im Focus: World's thinnest hologram paves path to new 3-D world

Nano-hologram paves way for integration of 3-D holography into everyday electronics

An Australian-Chinese research team has created the world's thinnest hologram, paving the way towards the integration of 3D holography into everyday...

Im Focus: Using graphene to create quantum bits

In the race to produce a quantum computer, a number of projects are seeking a way to create quantum bits -- or qubits -- that are stable, meaning they are not much affected by changes in their environment. This normally needs highly nonlinear non-dissipative elements capable of functioning at very low temperatures.

In pursuit of this goal, researchers at EPFL's Laboratory of Photonics and Quantum Measurements LPQM (STI/SB), have investigated a nonlinear graphene-based...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Marine Conservation: IASS Contributes to UN Ocean Conference in New York on 5-9 June

24.05.2017 | Event News

AWK Aachen Machine Tool Colloquium 2017: Internet of Production for Agile Enterprises

23.05.2017 | Event News

Dortmund MST Conference presents Individualized Healthcare Solutions with micro and nanotechnology

22.05.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Physicists discover mechanism behind granular capillary effect

24.05.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Measured for the first time: Direction of light waves changed by quantum effect

24.05.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Marine Conservation: IASS Contributes to UN Ocean Conference in New York on 5-9 June

24.05.2017 | Event News

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>