They have found out that the lack or inhibition of the protein it represents decreases the speed at which neoplasias occur, as it prevents the inflammation that contributes to the proliferation of cancer cells. Part of the conclusions of this research work are published in the June edition of the journal 'Cancer Research'.
Experts have used a model of experimental carcinogenesis, that is, have caused cancer in normal experimental mice and also in mice knocked out in that specific gene. After many experiments, they have found out that apart from collaborating to the DNA repair, the parp-1 gene has an influence on the growth of the carcinoma. Moreover, the gene’s lack of expression obstructs the angiogenesis process, which causes the creation of new blood vessels that allow sick cells to survive by receiving nourishment from the host organism.
The novelty of this finding is the possibility of designing new strategies that inhibit protein parp-1 activity in order to stop the progression of cancer. The next step consists of checking in experimentation models the efficacy of inhibitors in the treatment of cancer processes. So far, experts have used molecular medicines to carry out this delay process.
Researchers are trying to find more efficient therapeutical strategies that reinforce the action of antitumoral agents and decrease the administered radiation or chemotherapy doses. This way, the side effects will also decrease.
USA-based scientists have recently proven that this enzyme which repairs sick cells and keeps cell energy could be useful for the treatment of Huntington’s disease and other pathologies characterised by a low level of energy in cells. This is what an article published in the Chemistry & Biologyen’s August edition reveals, written by researchers of the Institute for Neurodegenerative Disease of Massachusetts General Hospital. These experts describe a new inhibitor of polymerase Parp1 which protects the cells affected by the Huntington’s disease in a lab.
Ismael Gaona | alfa
New risk factors for anxiety disorders
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Stingless bees have their nests protected by soldiers
24.02.2017 | Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
In the field of nanoscience, an international team of physicists with participants from Konstanz has achieved a breakthrough in understanding heat transport
Cells need to repair damaged DNA in our genes to prevent the development of cancer and other diseases. Our cells therefore activate and send “repair-proteins”...
The Fraunhofer IWS Dresden and Technische Universität Dresden inaugurated their jointly operated Center for Additive Manufacturing Dresden (AMCD) with a festive ceremony on February 7, 2017. Scientists from various disciplines perform research on materials, additive manufacturing processes and innovative technologies, which build up components in a layer by layer process. This technology opens up new horizons for component design and combinations of functions. For example during fabrication, electrical conductors and sensors are already able to be additively manufactured into components. They provide information about stress conditions of a product during operation.
The 3D-printing technology, or additive manufacturing as it is often called, has long made the step out of scientific research laboratories into industrial...
Nature does amazing things with limited design materials. Grass, for example, can support its own weight, resist strong wind loads, and recover after being...
Nanometer-scale magnetic perforated grids could create new possibilities for computing. Together with international colleagues, scientists from the Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) have shown how a cobalt grid can be reliably programmed at room temperature. In addition they discovered that for every hole ("antidot") three magnetic states can be configured. The results have been published in the journal "Scientific Reports".
Physicist Dr. Rantej Bali from the HZDR, together with scientists from Singapore and Australia, designed a special grid structure in a thin layer of cobalt in...
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