Their paper will be published online in advance of its scheduled August 1 publication date (www.genesdev.org).
Using an approach that randomly alters expression of mammalian cell genes, together with a screen that detects altered gene function, Dr. Cohen and colleagues identified a previously uncharacterized gene, called txr1, whose increased expression in prostate cancer cells confers resistance to taxane drugs. Taxanes are a class of widely-used chemotherapeutics (marketed as docetaxel and paclitaxel) that prevent cancer cell growth by inhibiting microtubule breakdown and subsequent cell division.
The researchers determined that txr1 promotes taxane resistance by suppressing the known anti-angiogenic and pro-apoptotic factor, thrombospondin 1 (TSP-1). This action is entirely different from mechanisms found earlier to be involved in resistance to taxanes.
Furthermore, they discovered that depletion of txr1, or treatment with TSP-1 (or a TSP-1 mimetic) restores taxane sensitivity. As acquired drug resistance poses a major limitation to the long-term efficacy of taxanes, the discovery of txr1 as a component of a novel pathway of taxane cytotoxicity opens up a new avenue to modulate chemotherapeutic drug response and sensitize cancer cells to drug treatment.
Heather Cosel | EurekAlert!
Designer cells: artificial enzyme can activate a gene switch
22.05.2018 | Universität Basel
Flow of cerebrospinal fluid regulates neural stem cell division
22.05.2018 | Helmholtz Zentrum München - Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Gesundheit und Umwelt
At the LASYS 2018, from June 5th to 7th, the Laser Zentrum Hannover e.V. (LZH) will be showcasing processes for the laser material processing of tomorrow in hall 4 at stand 4E75. With blown bomb shells the LZH will present first results of a research project on civil security.
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There are videos on the internet that can make one marvel at technology. For example, a smartphone is casually bent around the arm or a thin-film display is rolled in all directions and with almost every diameter. From the user's point of view, this looks fantastic. From a professional point of view, however, the question arises: Is that already possible?
At Display Week 2018, scientists from the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Polymer Research IAP will be demonstrating today’s technological possibilities and...
So-called quantum many-body scars allow quantum systems to stay out of equilibrium much longer, explaining experiment | Study published in Nature Physics
Recently, researchers from Harvard and MIT succeeded in trapping a record 53 atoms and individually controlling their quantum state, realizing what is called a...
The historic first detection of gravitational waves from colliding black holes far outside our galaxy opened a new window to understanding the universe. A...
A team led by Austrian experimental physicist Rainer Blatt has succeeded in characterizing the quantum entanglement of two spatially separated atoms by observing their light emission. This fundamental demonstration could lead to the development of highly sensitive optical gradiometers for the precise measurement of the gravitational field or the earth's magnetic field.
The age of quantum technology has long been heralded. Decades of research into the quantum world have led to the development of methods that make it possible...
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