The TOP grant is one of the types of grant available from NWO Division for the Chemical Sciences, which celebrates its fiftieth anniversary in June. With this grant the research group can strengthen and extend its excellent, challenging and innovative research line over a period of five years. This year 18 research groups submitted an application. Two of the applications are briefly described below; the complete list can be found via www.nwo.nl/cw/top.
Nitrogen heterocycles are found in a large number of biologically active compounds and medicines. It is important to develop versatile methods to synthesise these ring systems. This project is developing a new synthesis methodology.Single metal nanoparticle in catalytic action - Prof. B.M. (Bert) Weckhuysen (Utrecht University)
In this research project the researcher wants to use an optical sonde to scan a catalyst surface, illuminate this and at the same time allow catalytic reactions to take place. A special reactor will be developed for this purpose and one active nanoparticle will be zoomed in on. This must lead to more efficient catalysts and the development of more environmentally-friendly chemical processes.
The ECHO project grant (for Excellent Chemical Research) generates space for creative, science-driven research which can form the basis for future scientific themes. In November 2005, 79 researchers submitted a proposal and 29 of these were approved. Two of the proposals are briefly described below; the complete list can be found via www.nwo.nl/cw/echo.
Alcohol and water are in part fluid because the molecules act as small magnets. Are tiny magnets alone sufficient for fluid formation? Theoreticians have disputed this for years. The applicant wants to find out who is right by simulating invisible molecules with tiny magnetic iron oxide spheres.Quality control for enzymes taken up in peroxisomes? Prof. I.J. (Ida) van der Klei (University of Groningen)
Peroxisomes are important cell organelles which play a role in various metabolic processes. This study intends to investigate whether peroxisomal enzymes, which are synthesised in the cell fluid, are checked for their functionality (correct folding and assembly) and the roles folding and assembly play in the uptake of the protein by the target organelle, the peroxisome.
Kim van den Wijngaard | alfa
Modern genetic sequencing tools give clearer picture of how corals are related
17.08.2017 | University of Washington
The irresistible fragrance of dying vinegar flies
16.08.2017 | Max-Planck-Institut für chemische Ökologie
Whether you call it effervescent, fizzy, or sparkling, carbonated water is making a comeback as a beverage. Aside from quenching thirst, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have discovered a new use for these "bubbly" concoctions that will have major impact on the manufacturer of the world's thinnest, flattest, and one most useful materials -- graphene.
As graphene's popularity grows as an advanced "wonder" material, the speed and quality at which it can be manufactured will be paramount. With that in mind,...
Physicists at the University of Bonn have managed to create optical hollows and more complex patterns into which the light of a Bose-Einstein condensate flows. The creation of such highly low-loss structures for light is a prerequisite for complex light circuits, such as for quantum information processing for a new generation of computers. The researchers are now presenting their results in the journal Nature Photonics.
Light particles (photons) occur as tiny, indivisible portions. Many thousands of these light portions can be merged to form a single super-photon if they are...
For the first time, scientists have shown that circular RNA is linked to brain function. When a RNA molecule called Cdr1as was deleted from the genome of mice, the animals had problems filtering out unnecessary information – like patients suffering from neuropsychiatric disorders.
While hundreds of circular RNAs (circRNAs) are abundant in mammalian brains, one big question has remained unanswered: What are they actually good for? In the...
An experimental small satellite has successfully collected and delivered data on a key measurement for predicting changes in Earth's climate.
The Radiometer Assessment using Vertically Aligned Nanotubes (RAVAN) CubeSat was launched into low-Earth orbit on Nov. 11, 2016, in order to test new...
A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg presents evidence of the coexistence of superconductivity and “charge-density-waves” in compounds of the poorly-studied family of bismuthates. This observation opens up new perspectives for a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of high-temperature superconductivity, a topic which is at the core of condensed matter research since more than 30 years. The paper by Nicoletti et al has been published in the PNAS.
Since the beginning of the 20th century, superconductivity had been observed in some metals at temperatures only a few degrees above the absolute zero (minus...
16.08.2017 | Event News
04.08.2017 | Event News
26.07.2017 | Event News
17.08.2017 | Physics and Astronomy
17.08.2017 | Earth Sciences
17.08.2017 | Physics and Astronomy