The TOP grant is one of the types of grant available from NWO Division for the Chemical Sciences, which celebrates its fiftieth anniversary in June. With this grant the research group can strengthen and extend its excellent, challenging and innovative research line over a period of five years. This year 18 research groups submitted an application. Two of the applications are briefly described below; the complete list can be found via www.nwo.nl/cw/top.
Nitrogen heterocycles are found in a large number of biologically active compounds and medicines. It is important to develop versatile methods to synthesise these ring systems. This project is developing a new synthesis methodology.Single metal nanoparticle in catalytic action - Prof. B.M. (Bert) Weckhuysen (Utrecht University)
In this research project the researcher wants to use an optical sonde to scan a catalyst surface, illuminate this and at the same time allow catalytic reactions to take place. A special reactor will be developed for this purpose and one active nanoparticle will be zoomed in on. This must lead to more efficient catalysts and the development of more environmentally-friendly chemical processes.
The ECHO project grant (for Excellent Chemical Research) generates space for creative, science-driven research which can form the basis for future scientific themes. In November 2005, 79 researchers submitted a proposal and 29 of these were approved. Two of the proposals are briefly described below; the complete list can be found via www.nwo.nl/cw/echo.
Alcohol and water are in part fluid because the molecules act as small magnets. Are tiny magnets alone sufficient for fluid formation? Theoreticians have disputed this for years. The applicant wants to find out who is right by simulating invisible molecules with tiny magnetic iron oxide spheres.Quality control for enzymes taken up in peroxisomes? Prof. I.J. (Ida) van der Klei (University of Groningen)
Peroxisomes are important cell organelles which play a role in various metabolic processes. This study intends to investigate whether peroxisomal enzymes, which are synthesised in the cell fluid, are checked for their functionality (correct folding and assembly) and the roles folding and assembly play in the uptake of the protein by the target organelle, the peroxisome.
Kim van den Wijngaard | alfa
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Researchers from the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at the University of Waterloo led the development of a new extensible wiring technique capable of controlling superconducting quantum bits, representing a significant step towards to the realization of a scalable quantum computer.
"The quantum socket is a wiring method that uses three-dimensional wires based on spring-loaded pins to address individual qubits," said Jeremy Béjanin, a PhD...
In a paper in Scientific Reports, a research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute describes a novel light-activated phenomenon that could become the basis for applications as diverse as microscopic robotic grippers and more efficient solar cells.
A research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) has developed a revolutionary, light-activated semiconductor nanocomposite material that can be used...
By forcefully embedding two silicon atoms in a diamond matrix, Sandia researchers have demonstrated for the first time on a single chip all the components needed to create a quantum bridge to link quantum computers together.
"People have already built small quantum computers," says Sandia researcher Ryan Camacho. "Maybe the first useful one won't be a single giant quantum computer...
COMPAMED has become the leading international marketplace for suppliers of medical manufacturing. The trade fair, which takes place every November and is co-located to MEDICA in Dusseldorf, has been steadily growing over the past years and shows that medical technology remains a rapidly growing market.
In 2016, the joint pavilion by the IVAM Microtechnology Network, the Product Market “High-tech for Medical Devices”, will be located in Hall 8a again and will...
'Ferroelectric' materials can switch between different states of electrical polarization in response to an external electric field. This flexibility means they show promise for many applications, for example in electronic devices and computer memory. Current ferroelectric materials are highly valued for their thermal and chemical stability and rapid electro-mechanical responses, but creating a material that is scalable down to the tiny sizes needed for technologies like silicon-based semiconductors (Si-based CMOS) has proven challenging.
Now, Hiroshi Funakubo and co-workers at the Tokyo Institute of Technology, in collaboration with researchers across Japan, have conducted experiments to...
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