Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Bioportfolio: Life-long persistence of erythrovirus DNA genomes in human tissue

26.04.2006
The researchers at the University of Helsinki, Finland, and University Hospital of Bonn, Germany, have coined the novel term “Bioportfolio” to describe viral genomic material remaining in the human body after infection. Using human erythrovirus as the example, the authors have demonstrated that viral genomic material persisting in the human body yields valuable information on viral phylogeny and on molecular epidemiology of infection.

Although these results are of greatest interest to the relatively small group interested in erythrovirus (parvovirus) research, the ideas discussed are of wider interest because they explore in an imaginative way some fundamental biological events occurring during and after infection.

The research group lead by professor Klaus Hedman at the University of Helsinki have investigated by qualitative and quantitative molecular assays a large number of human tissue samples (birth-year range 1913-2000) and patient sera from the past two decades, for genomic DNA of new and previously known human erythrovirus types. They disclosed in human tissues erythrovirus genome persistence, which is ubiquitous and life-long, and represents a new source of information of our past – which they termed the Bioportfolio.

In the Bioportfolio the researchers observed that in Central and Northern Europe the newly found erythrovirus type 2 in occurrence was actually older than the virus prototype; and that the other recently found type 3 never attained wide circulation in the area during the 70-year observation period from the thirties to the present day. Thereby, the Bioportfolio constitutes at the individual level a new form of "medical record" for one’s infectious encounters. At the global and epidemiological level, it provides a novel database for analysis of the occurrence and circulation of microbial species and their variants.

Furthermore, in light of the previously shown integrity and full-length coding potential of the persistent macromolecular viral DNA genomes, the Bioportfolio might provide the desired long-term permanence for gene therapy vectors, which in the future could be designed in accordance with this innate characteristic of the human body.

Paivi Lehtinen | alfa
Further information:
http://www.helsinki.fi

More articles from Life Sciences:

nachricht A Map of the Cell’s Power Station
18.08.2017 | Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg im Breisgau

nachricht On the way to developing a new active ingredient against chronic infections
18.08.2017 | Deutsches Zentrum für Infektionsforschung

All articles from Life Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Fizzy soda water could be key to clean manufacture of flat wonder material: Graphene

Whether you call it effervescent, fizzy, or sparkling, carbonated water is making a comeback as a beverage. Aside from quenching thirst, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have discovered a new use for these "bubbly" concoctions that will have major impact on the manufacturer of the world's thinnest, flattest, and one most useful materials -- graphene.

As graphene's popularity grows as an advanced "wonder" material, the speed and quality at which it can be manufactured will be paramount. With that in mind,...

Im Focus: Exotic quantum states made from light: Physicists create optical “wells” for a super-photon

Physicists at the University of Bonn have managed to create optical hollows and more complex patterns into which the light of a Bose-Einstein condensate flows. The creation of such highly low-loss structures for light is a prerequisite for complex light circuits, such as for quantum information processing for a new generation of computers. The researchers are now presenting their results in the journal Nature Photonics.

Light particles (photons) occur as tiny, indivisible portions. Many thousands of these light portions can be merged to form a single super-photon if they are...

Im Focus: Circular RNA linked to brain function

For the first time, scientists have shown that circular RNA is linked to brain function. When a RNA molecule called Cdr1as was deleted from the genome of mice, the animals had problems filtering out unnecessary information – like patients suffering from neuropsychiatric disorders.

While hundreds of circular RNAs (circRNAs) are abundant in mammalian brains, one big question has remained unanswered: What are they actually good for? In the...

Im Focus: RAVAN CubeSat measures Earth's outgoing energy

An experimental small satellite has successfully collected and delivered data on a key measurement for predicting changes in Earth's climate.

The Radiometer Assessment using Vertically Aligned Nanotubes (RAVAN) CubeSat was launched into low-Earth orbit on Nov. 11, 2016, in order to test new...

Im Focus: Scientists shine new light on the “other high temperature superconductor”

A study led by scientists of the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter (MPSD) at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science in Hamburg presents evidence of the coexistence of superconductivity and “charge-density-waves” in compounds of the poorly-studied family of bismuthates. This observation opens up new perspectives for a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of high-temperature superconductivity, a topic which is at the core of condensed matter research since more than 30 years. The paper by Nicoletti et al has been published in the PNAS.

Since the beginning of the 20th century, superconductivity had been observed in some metals at temperatures only a few degrees above the absolute zero (minus...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Call for Papers – ICNFT 2018, 5th International Conference on New Forming Technology

16.08.2017 | Event News

Sustainability is the business model of tomorrow

04.08.2017 | Event News

Clash of Realities 2017: Registration now open. International Conference at TH Köln

26.07.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

A Map of the Cell’s Power Station

18.08.2017 | Life Sciences

Engineering team images tiny quasicrystals as they form

18.08.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Researchers printed graphene-like materials with inkjet

18.08.2017 | Materials Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>