Russian geneticist B.A. Malyarchuk, Institute of Biological Problems of the North, Far-Eastern Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, in Magadan, and Polish researcher J.Czarny have ascertained that African women’s contribution into the European genotype is much lower than it could have been expected, taking into consideration the lengthy history of contacts between representatives of different human races. The conclusion was made by the researchers after they had analyzed more than 17 thousand mitochondrial DNA samples from various populations of Europe and their evolutionary relationships.
The mitochondrial DNA sequences of various nations have their own peculiarities. Thus, there exist several mitochondrial DNA variants, which were formed in Africa. As mitochondria are passed on from generation to generation only maternally, their DNA analysis can tell us only about women of the kin.
About 1 percent of Eurasian population possesses mitochondrial DNA, identical or similar to the DNA of African descent. In the south of Europe, African lines of mitochondrial DNA are most frequently found with the Portuguese (5.8 percent), Sicilians and Tuscan, Albanians, Spaniards and Bosnians. Inhabitants of this region, the Pyrenean peninsula in particular, have experienced profound effect from the population of North Africa during their entire history, therefore, the researchers expected to discover in the European Mediterranean ancient and branchy “ family trees” originating from African progenitresses. However, they found nothing of the kind.
Sergey Komarov | alfa
Multi-institutional collaboration uncovers how molecular machines assemble
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Fertilized egg cells trigger and monitor loss of sperm’s epigenetic memory
02.12.2016 | IMBA - Institut für Molekulare Biotechnologie der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften GmbH
A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
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In experiments with magnetic atoms conducted at extremely low temperatures, scientists have demonstrated a unique phase of matter: The atoms form a new type of quantum liquid or quantum droplet state. These so called quantum droplets may preserve their form in absence of external confinement because of quantum effects. The joint team of experimental physicists from Innsbruck and theoretical physicists from Hannover report on their findings in the journal Physical Review X.
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The Max Planck Institute for Physics (MPP) is opening up a new research field. A workshop from November 21 - 22, 2016 will mark the start of activities for an innovative axion experiment. Axions are still only purely hypothetical particles. Their detection could solve two fundamental problems in particle physics: What dark matter consists of and why it has not yet been possible to directly observe a CP violation for the strong interaction.
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The efficiency of power electronic systems is not solely dependent on electrical efficiency but also on weight, for example, in mobile systems. When the weight of relevant components and devices in airplanes, for instance, is reduced, fuel savings can be achieved and correspondingly greenhouse gas emissions decreased. New materials and components based on gallium nitride (GaN) can help to reduce weight and increase the efficiency. With these new materials, power electronic switches can be operated at higher switching frequency, resulting in higher power density and lower material costs.
Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE together with partners have investigated how these materials can be used to make power...
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