Forum for Science, Industry and Business

Sponsored by:     3M 
Search our Site:

 

Tumor cell growth depends on interactions with its microenvironment

27.01.2006


An EU funded Specific Targeted Research Project (STREP) entitled "Tumor-Host Genomics" has been launched at the University of Helsinki, Finland. The Tumor-Host Genomics project links together the resources of five European leading-edge laboratories studying major signaling pathways in mesenchymal and hematopoietic cells, forming a concerted effort to understand tumor-host interactions, and to identify novel therapeutic targets.



The European Union will fund the project with a total of 2.7 million € during the next three years. The project is coordinated by Dr. Petri Salven from the University of Helsinki. The other participating principal investigators are Dr. Kari Alitalo and Dr. Jussi Taipale, also form the University of Helsinki, Dr. Peter ten Dijke from Leiden University Medical Center in the Netherlands, and Dr. Luigi Naldini from the San Raffaele Telethon Insitute for Gene Therapy in Italy.

In addition to oncogenic mutations that act cell-autonomously, tumor cell growth depends on interactions with its microenvironment. Tumor microenvironment consists of cells of hematopoietic and mesenchymal origin, including inflammatory cells, stem and progenitor cells, fibroblasts, endothelial cells and vascular mural cells. Tumor cell growth is known to depend on the interaction of tumor cells with such stromal cells. For example, growing tumor needs to recruit normal endothelial and vascular mural cells to form its blood vessels.


The Tumor-Host Genomics project will develop novel advanced functional genomics instruments, technologies and methods to study tumor-host interactions in cancer, and apply these techniques to the identification of molecules and processes in normal cells which could be targeted by novel anti-cancer therapeutic agents. The ultimate goal of the project is to unravel and validate new targets for anticancer therapy, and new strategies for delivering therapy to tumors.

"We are studying the molecular and cellular interactions between the normal, benign cells of the tumor microenvironment, and the cancer cells. These interactions represent an attractive target for cancer therapy, because normal cells are genetically stable, and would not be expected to develop resistance to therapeutic agents", says Dr. Salven, the coordinator for the project.

The principal investigators participating the Tumor-Host Genomics project:

Adjunct Professor, Academy Researcher Petri Salven, University of Helsinki, Biomedicum Helsinki, Finland
Expertise: stem cells and tumor angiogenesis, RNAi, imaging

Academy Professor Kari Alitalo, University of Helsinki, Biomedicum Helsinki, Finland
Expertise: reseptor tyrosine kinases, vascular signal transduction

Professor Jussi Taipale, University of Helsinki, Biomedicum Helsinki, Finland
Expertise: regulatory element prediction, high throughput analyses,

Professor Peter ten Dijke, Leiden University Medical Center, the Netherlands
Expertise: RNAi libraries, TGF-b superfamily signaling

Professor Luigi Naldini, San Raffaele Telethon Insitute for Gene Therapy, Italy
Expertise: lentiviral systems, in vivo tumor targeting

Paivi Lehtinen | alfa
Further information:
http://research.med.helsinki.fi/tumorhostgenomics/default.htm
http://www.helsinki.fi

More articles from Life Sciences:

nachricht Seeking structure with metagenome sequences
20.01.2017 | DOE/Joint Genome Institute

nachricht Snap, Digest, Respire
20.01.2017 | Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg im Breisgau

All articles from Life Sciences >>>

The most recent press releases about innovation >>>

Die letzten 5 Focus-News des innovations-reports im Überblick:

Im Focus: Traffic jam in empty space

New success for Konstanz physicists in studying the quantum vacuum

An important step towards a completely new experimental access to quantum physics has been made at University of Konstanz. The team of scientists headed by...

Im Focus: How gut bacteria can make us ill

HZI researchers decipher infection mechanisms of Yersinia and immune responses of the host

Yersiniae cause severe intestinal infections. Studies using Yersinia pseudotuberculosis as a model organism aim to elucidate the infection mechanisms of these...

Im Focus: Interfacial Superconductivity: Magnetic and superconducting order revealed simultaneously

Researchers from the University of Hamburg in Germany, in collaboration with colleagues from the University of Aarhus in Denmark, have synthesized a new superconducting material by growing a few layers of an antiferromagnetic transition-metal chalcogenide on a bismuth-based topological insulator, both being non-superconducting materials.

While superconductivity and magnetism are generally believed to be mutually exclusive, surprisingly, in this new material, superconducting correlations...

Im Focus: Studying fundamental particles in materials

Laser-driving of semimetals allows creating novel quasiparticle states within condensed matter systems and switching between different states on ultrafast time scales

Studying properties of fundamental particles in condensed matter systems is a promising approach to quantum field theory. Quasiparticles offer the opportunity...

Im Focus: Designing Architecture with Solar Building Envelopes

Among the general public, solar thermal energy is currently associated with dark blue, rectangular collectors on building roofs. Technologies are needed for aesthetically high quality architecture which offer the architect more room for manoeuvre when it comes to low- and plus-energy buildings. With the “ArKol” project, researchers at Fraunhofer ISE together with partners are currently developing two façade collectors for solar thermal energy generation, which permit a high degree of design flexibility: a strip collector for opaque façade sections and a solar thermal blind for transparent sections. The current state of the two developments will be presented at the BAU 2017 trade fair.

As part of the “ArKol – development of architecturally highly integrated façade collectors with heat pipes” project, Fraunhofer ISE together with its partners...

All Focus news of the innovation-report >>>

Anzeige

Anzeige

Event News

Sustainable Water use in Agriculture in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

19.01.2017 | Event News

12V, 48V, high-voltage – trends in E/E automotive architecture

10.01.2017 | Event News

2nd Conference on Non-Textual Information on 10 and 11 May 2017 in Hannover

09.01.2017 | Event News

 
Latest News

Bodyguards in the gut have a chemical weapon

20.01.2017 | Life Sciences

SF State astronomer searches for signs of life on Wolf 1061 exoplanet

20.01.2017 | Physics and Astronomy

Treated carbon pulls radioactive elements from water

20.01.2017 | Materials Sciences

VideoLinks
B2B-VideoLinks
More VideoLinks >>>